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Industrial Great Britain

The Industrial Revolution and its consequences in Great Britain.

Matthew Smith

on 8 January 2013

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Transcript of Industrial Great Britain

Industrial Great Britain Agricultural Revolution Introduced new technologies and innovations to agriculture
Goal to improve profit margins and productivity
Intense investment of capital
Old system of common lands not adequete Enclosure Acts Land owners controled Parliament
Enclosure Acts allowed lands to be fensed or walled
More clearly defined land ownership- more clear than anywhere in Europe
Concentrated the land-owning class
Increased agricultural productivity Labor was available for other pursuits Incentives to Industrialize Colonies provide raw materials and new markets
Mercantilist policies encouraged growth of manufacturing
British could supply the demand of the Continent for finished goods, especially textiles
Fluid capital- capital available for investment in industry Spinning Shuttles and Jennies (John Kay, 1733; Richarh Ackwright, 1769) Steam Engine (Thomas Newcomen, 1702; James Watt, 1763) Cotton Gin (Eli Whitney, 1733) Locomotives (George
Stephenson's Rocket, 1829) Social
Consequences Population Growth
(see pg. 146-47 of Western Civilization: Sources, Images, and Interpretations) Governence Housing/ Working Conditions Cotton Lords Long Working hours
Safety concerns in work environment
Poorly constructed housing
Unskilled labor only
Workers subsist on their wages No parliamentary representation
Manorial rights remained in place
Crippled a city's ability to deal with rapid population growth First Industrial Class
Success stories?
Hated government intervention in private industry Reform Bill of 1832 Whigs protested Tory conservatism in Parliament
Popular support for increrased representation and the redefinition of municipalities.
Reform Bill of 1832 only re-aligned districts
No uniform size of districts
Municipal Corporations act of 1835 reformed municipal governments Reform in Working Contitions Factory Act of 1833- forbade child labor in textile mills, provided inspectors for compliance
Ten Hours Act 0f 1842
Poor Law of 1834 a poor attempt at reform- "are there no prisons, are there no workhouses?" Repeal of the Corn Laws in 1846 signals the transition of government into the hands of industry. Wage workers benefit from lower prices. Corn Laws Placed tariffs on imported corn and grain
Designed to protect British farmers
Hurt urban dwellers (who had little or no representation) The Chartist Movement The Charter of 1838 1. Annual election of the House of Commons 2. Universal suffrage for all adult males 3. Secret ballot 4. Equally apportioned electoral districts 5. Abolition of property requirements for MP's 6. Payment of salaries to MP's
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