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Transcript of Chapter 4
Scholastic Triumphs at
Ateneo de Manila
Colegio de San Juan de Letran
Jose Enters the Ateneo
June 10, 1872
– Jose, accompanied by
Paciano, went to Manila
– He took the entrance
examinations on Christian doctrine,
arithmetic, and reading at the College
of San Juan de Letran.
– college reigstrar at Ateneo
– refused to admit Jose for
1. He was late for registration
2. He was sickly and undersized for
– Nephew of Father Burgos
– Upon the intercession with
him, Jose was reluctantly
admitted at the Ateneo
– had come under the suspicion
of the Spanish authorities.
– Paciano had used “Mercado” as his
surname at the College of San Jose
and he was known as authorities as
Father Burgos’ favorite student and
– where Ateneo is located
– where Jose’s boarding house is
– the boarding house was owned by
a spinster named Titay who owned
the Rizal family the amount of
Jesuit System of Education
* The system of education given by
the Jesuits in the Ateneo was more
advanced than that of colleges in that
* It trained the character of the
student by rigid discipline and
* Mass in the morning before the
beginning of daily classes
* Classes in every subject were opened
and closed with prayers
* Students were divided into
- “Roman Empire”
consisting of the internos
- “Carthaginian Empire”
composed of the externos
Empire – Best Student
Tribune – Second Best
Decurion – Third Best
Centurion – Fourth Best
Standard Bearer – Fifth Best
Rizal's First Year in Ateneo
- Rizal's first day of class in Ateneo
Father Jose Bech
- Jose's first professor in Ateneo
- "tall, thin man, with a body slightly bent
forward, a harried walk, an ascetic face, severe
and inspired, small deep-sunken eyes, a sharp
nose that was almost Greek, and thin lips
forming an arc whose ends fell toward the
* Rizal returned to calamba again
fro summer vacation but he did
not particularly enjoy his vacation
because his mother was in prison.
* Nothing unusual happened to rizal during
this semester except that he repented having
neglected his studies the previous year simply
because he was offended by the teachers
His Favorite Books:
1. ‘Count of Monte Cristo’ (Alexander Dumas)
– characterized by Edmond Dantes
(the hero) in prison, is spectacular escape
from the dungeon of Chateau d’ If, the finding
of buried treasure on the rocky island of Monte
Cristo, and his dramatic revenge on his enemies
who had wronged him;
2. ‘Travels in the Philippines’ (Dr. Feodor Jagor)
– a German scientist-traveler who visited the Philippines in
1859-1860. What struck him most in this book were Jagor’s
keen oberservations of the defects of Spanish colonization and
his prophecy that someday Spain would lose the Philippines and
that America would come to succeed her as colonizer
3. ‘Universal History’ (Cesar Cantu)
- a non-fiction historical work. He
was able to acquire an expensive set
of this book by convincing his father
that this book would be of great aid
in his studies and enabled him to win more pr
Prophecy of mother’s
- rizal lost time in going to santa
cruz in order to visit his mother in
the provincial jail.
* The two groups, "Roman Empire" and Carthaginian
Empire" were in constant competition for
supremacy in the class. They had their distinctive
for the Romans and
* The Ateneo student's in Rizal time wore a
uniform which consisted of "hemp-fabric
trousers" and "stripped cotton coat." The
coat material called rayadillo, which later bacame
famous for it was adopted as the uniform
for Filipino troops during the days of the First Philippine
* Being a newcomer and knowing
little Spanish, Rizal was placed at
the bottom of the class. He was
an externo, hence he was the assigned
to the Carthaginians, occupying the end
of the line.
* At the end of the month he became
* "How I pleased I was," he said, "when I won
my first prize a religious picture!"
* Rizal took private lessons in Santa
Isabel College during the noon recesses.
He paid three pesos for those extra
Spanish lessons, but it was money well
Teenage Interest in Reading
Third Year in Ateneo
- Rizal returned to the Ateneo
for his Junior year
* After the opening of classes, his mother
arrived and joyously told him that she was
released from prison.
- Rizal returned to Calamba for the summer
Fourth Year in Ateneo
June 16, 1875
- he became interno in the Ateneo
Fr. Francisco de
- a great educator and scholar
- He inspired young Rizal to
study harder and to write
- He became an admirer and friend
of the slender Calamba lad
* In his student memoirs, Rizal wrote
of Father Sanchez in glowing terms,
showing his affection and gratitude.
He describe this Jesuit professor as
"model of uprightness, earnestness
and love for the advencement of the
- He returned to Calamba for his summer
vacation and proudly offered his five medals
and excellent ratings to his parents. He was
very extremely happy, for he was able to
repay his "father somewhat for his sacrifices".
my first inspiration:
" why do the scenyed bowers
in fragrant fray
rival each other's flower
this festive day?
Why is sweet melody bruited
in the sylvan fale,
harmony sweet and fluted
like the nightingale
why do the birds sing so
in the tender grass
flitting from bough to bough
with the winds that pass?
and why does the crystal spring
run among the flowers
while lullaby zephyrs sing
like it's crystal showers?
i see the dawn in the east
with beauty endowed.
why goes she to a feast
in a crime cloud?
sweet mother, they celebrate
your natal day
the rose with her scent innate
the bird with his lay.
the murmurous spring this day
Murmuring bids you always
to live in joy
while the crystalline murmurs glisten,
hear you the accents strong
struck from my lyre, listen!
to my love's first song.
Last Year in Ateneo
- Huling Taon
After the summer vacation, Rizal returned
to Manila in June 1876 for his last year in
the Ateneo. His studies continued to fare
well. As a matter-of-fact, he excelled in all
subjects. The most brilliant Atenean of
his time, he was truly "the pride of the
Rizal finished his last year at the Ateneo in a
blaze of glory. He obtained the highest grades
in all subjects - philosophy, physics, biology,
chemistry, languages, mineralogy, etc.
Graduation with Highest Honors
Rizal graduated at the head of his class. His scholastic records at the Ateneo from 1872 to 1877 were as follows:
Latin 1--------------- ''
Spanish 1------------ ''
Greek 1--------------- ''
Spanish 2----------------------- ''
Greek 2-------------------------- ''
Universal Gerography-------- ''
Spanish 3------------------------- ''
Greek 3---------------------------- ''
Universal History--------------- ''
History of Spanish
and the Philippines----------- ''
Arithmetic and Algbra -------- ''
Rhetoric & Poetry-----------Excellent
French 1--------------------------- ''
Geometry & Trigonometry----- ''
Mineralogy & Chemistry----- ''
Philosophy 2-------------------- ''
Botany & Zoology--------------- ''
The intimate alliance between religion and good education
As the climbing ivy over lofty elm
Creeps tortuously, together the adornment
Of the verdant plain, embellishing
Each other and together growing,
But should the kindly elm refuse its aid
The ivy would impotent and friendless wither;
So is Education to Religion
By spiritual alliance firmly bound.
Through Religion, Education gains renown, and
Woe to the impious mind that blindly spurning
The sapient teachings of Religion, this
Unpolluted fountainhead forsakes.
As the sprout, growing from the pompous vine,
Proudly offers us its honeyed clusters
While the generous and fresh’ning waters
Of celestial virtue give new life
To Education true, shedding
On it warmth and light; because of them
The vine smells sweet and gives delicious fruit
Without Religion, Human Education
Is like unto a vessel struck by winds
Which, sore beset, is of its helm deprived
By the roaring blows and buffets of the dread
Tempestuous Boreas [The north wind], who fiercely wields
His power until he proudly sends her down
Into the deep abysses of the angered sea
As heaven’s dew the meadow feeds and strengthens
So that blooming flowers all the earth
Embroider in the days of spring; so also
If Religion holy nourishes
Education with its doctrines, she
Shall walk in joy and generosity
Toward the Good, and everywhere bestrew
The fragrant and luxuriant fruits of Virtue
THROUGH EDUCATION OUR MOTHERLAND RECEIVES LIGHT
The vital breath of prudent Education
Instills a virtue of enchanting power;
She lifts the motherland to highest station
And endless dazzling glories on her shower.
And as the zephyr’s gentle exhalation
Revives the matrix of the fragrant flower,
So education multiplies her gifts of grace;
With prudent hand imparts them to the human race.
For her a mortal man will gladly part
With all he has; will give his calm repose;
For her are born all sciences and all arts,
That brews the towering mountain’s lofty heart.
The purest current of the streamlet flows,
So education without stint or measure gives
Security and peace to lands in which she lives
Where education reigns on lofty seat
Youth blossoms forth with vigor and agility;
His error subjugates with solid feet,
And is exalted by conceptions of nobility,
She breaks the neck of vice and its deceit;
Black crime turns pale at her hostility;
The barbarous nations she knows how to tame,
From savages create heroic fame.
And as the spring doth sustenance bestow
On all the plants, on bushes in the mead,
Its placid plenty goes to overflow
And endlessly with lavish love to feed
The banks by which it wanders, gliding slow,
Supplying beauteous nature’s every need.
So he who prudent Education doth procure
The towering heights of honor will secure.
From out his lips the water crystal pure,
Of perfect virtue shall not cease to go.
With careful doctrines of his faith made sure,
The powers of evil he will overthrow,
Like foaming waves that never long endure,
But perish on the shore at every blow;
And from his good example other I shall learn
Their upward steps toward the heavenly paths to turn
Within the breast of wretched humankind
She lights the living flame of goodness bright;
The hand of fiercest criminal doth bind;
And in these breasts will surely pour delight
Which seek her mystic benefits to find,-
Those souls she sets aflame with love of right.
That gives to life its surest consolation.
And as the mighty rock aloft may tower
Above the center of the stormy deep
In scorn of storm, or fierce Sou’wester’s power
Or fury of the waves that raging sweep,
Until, their first mad hatred, spent, they cower
And, tired at last subside and fall asleep,-
So he that takes wise Education by the hand,
Invincible shall guide the reigns of motherland.
And as in early morning we behold
The ruby sun pours forth resplendent rays;
And lovely dawn her scarlet and her gold,
Her brilliant colors all about her sprays;
So skillful noble Teaching doth unfold
To living minds the joy of virtuous ways.
She offers our dear motherland the light
That leads us to immortal glory’s height.
DRAMATIC WORK IN ATENEO
• Rizal's favorite teacher Father Sanchez
requested him to write a drama based
on the prose story of St. Eustace the
FIRST ROMANCE OF RIZAL
• He graduated in Ateneo when he
was sixteen years old. This was also
the year when he first experienced his
• Rizal's first girl was Segunda Katigbak
• Three years later, Rizal recording
his first and tragic romance, said:
"Ended, at an early hour, my first
love! My virgin heart will always mourn
the reckless step it took on the flower-decked
abyss. My illusions will return, yes, but
indifferent, uncertain, ready for the first betrayal
on the path of love."