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The Restoration & 18th Century

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Carla Milbourne

on 2 October 2013

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Transcript of The Restoration & 18th Century

The Restoration & 18th Century
{1660-1685 & 1700-1800}

Major Genres
1660-1700- emphasis on "decorum" in literature
1700-1745- emphasis on satire
1745-1784- emphasis on revolutionary ideas
Classical Genres included epic, tragedy, comedy, pastoral, satire, and ode.
Heroic Couplet- two lines of rhymed iambic pentameter
"Lit Cafe: The Restoration and the Eighteenth Century." ThinkQuest. Oracle Foundation, n.d. Web. 02 Oct. 2013.

"The Norton Anthology of English Literature: The 18th Century: Introduction." The Norton Anthology of English Literature: The 18th Century: Introduction. Norton, n.d. Web. 02 Oct. 2013.

Yadav, Alok. "Historical Outline of Restoration & 18th-C British Literature." Historical Outline of Restoration & 18th-C British Literature. N.p., n.d. Web. 2 Oct. 2013.

Historical Background
1660- King Charles II restored to throne (beginning of Restoration)
1665- Plague kills over 68,000 people in London
1666- Great Fire destroys much of London
1687- Newton publishes "Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy
1707- England, Wales and Scotland United as Great Britain
1760- George III crowned king

Major Beliefs
In 1660 the Anglican Church was restored as official Church of England
People begin to view the world in a new way as science increasingly explains natural phenomena
Deism- viewed the universe as a perfect mechanism, which God built and left to run on its own
Major Authors
"Augustan" writers
John Dryden (1633-1703)- wrote plays and satires;
"The Indian Emperor",
"All For Love"

Alexander Pope (1688-1744)
"The Rape of Lock"

Samuel Johnson (1709-1784)
"The Rambler"
"Lives of Poets"
Language Developments
Literacy expanded to include the middle class and some of the poor
English writers formulate rules of good writing modeled on classic works with new appeal
Neoclassicism- embracing new and old literary models
Literary Terminology
Rationalism- Logical reasoning based on fact
Cosmology-new world view based on Newton Physics
Secularism- application of scientific theories in society
Scientific method, Optimism, Tolerance, Reform, Cosmopolitanism
Significant French cultural influences when the exiled ruling class returned to England (1660)
Peace of Westphalia ends the 30 Years Wars on European continent
English seize Jamaica from Spain (1655)
American Revolution (1775)
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