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Transcript of ENVIRONMENTAL DETERMINISM
The Pioneering Geographers Group
Douglas JB Nelson
Definition Of Geographical Determinism by Douglas
Firstly, Geography Defined.
Secondly, Determinism Defined
Finally, What is Geographical Determinism?
Application & definition to case study by Tino
Basic human geography example on determinism.
The link between Lesotho’s environment and determinism.
The environmental description of Lesotho.
How the environmental factors have then hindered economic development and led to social problems➾.
Beginning of the 1900's, geographical determinism was established.
By 1910/1920, geographical determinism was the most focused study of geography.
Who were the leading theorists?
Focused areas of Geographical study.
The Origin of Geographical Determinism.
Summary of the article by LIZZIE
Lesotho is a mountainous enclave surrounded by the Republic of South Africa
Its resource base is very limited and it’s gradually declining due to severe soil erosion and squatter settlements.
Lesotho’s agricultural productivity declined in 1980s as a result of high population pressures
People who depended on farming in rural areas began to migrate to urban areas.
Migration led to increase in population in the urban areas.
Government in Lesotho ended up not being able to control the population and the meet up with the demands of increased population.
- Summary Of the Article
- Definition Of Geographical Determinism
- Application & definition to case study
THE INTRODUCTION FROM CLARIS
environmental PROBLEMS & IMPLICATIONS IN LESOTHO
» WASTE MANAGEMENT
» WATER SUPPLY
» HEALTH RISKS
Conclusion by Rukudzo
Human activity is indeed affected by geographical conditions
Urbanization encouraged by the limited resources
Overpopulation due to migration
Migration leading to informal settlements
Informal settlements breed high crime rates and pollution
Mpho Will Now Explain These pictures
Determinism. (2014). Informationphilosopher.com. Retrieved 21 April 2014, from http://www.informationphilosopher.com/freedom/determinism.html.
Lewis, M. (2011). Environmental Determinism, Ellsworth Huntington, and the Decline of Geography. GeoCurrents. Retrieved 21 April 2014, from http://www.geocurrents.info/geographical-thought/environmental-determinism-ellsworth-huntington-and-the-decline-of-geography.
T. Mohapi (n.d.). Urban Environmental problems: implications of Rapid Urbanisation Without Adequate Urban Govereance in Lesotho. Available from: http://www.eolss.net/sample-chapters/c14/e1-18-07-01.pdf (accessed 02 May 2014).