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Puerto Rico

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Stephanie Rojas

on 10 June 2013

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Transcript of Puerto Rico

Many of the Laws of Puerto Rico are modeled on the Spanish Civil Code, which is part of the Law of Spain.
After the U.S. government assumed control of Puerto Rico in 1901, it initiated legal reforms resulting in the adoption of codes of criminal law, criminal procedure, and civil procedure modeled after those then in effect in California. Although Puerto Rico has since followed the federal example of transferring criminal and civil procedure from statutory law to rules promulgated by the judiciary, several portions of its criminal law still reflect the influence of the California Penal Code. Struggles LAWS La Isla Del Encanto General GEOGRAPHY Located: Caribbean, east of the Dominican Republic. Food Puerto Rican cuisine has its roots in the cooking traditions and practices of Europe (Spain), Africa and the Amerindian Taínos Coquito A popular Christmastime drink is coquito, an eggnog-like rum and coconut milk-based homemade beverage. The holiday season is also a time that many piñas coladas are prepared, underscoring the combination of pineapples and coconuts seen in Puerto Rican cuisine. Arroz con gandules – a yellow-rice-and-pigeon-pea dish with alcaparrado (capers and olives stuffed with red peppers), and pieces of meat (bacon, smoked ham, smocked turkey or chorizo). The spices and seasoning usually include cumin, bay leaf, annatto oil, sofrito, banana leaf, dry oregano, thyme, and stock. It is part of Puerto Rico's national dish, along with pig roast. For many Puerto Rican families, the quintessential holiday season dish is pasteles is a soft dough-like masa wrapped in a banana or plantain leaf and boiled, and in the center chopped meat, shellfish, chicken, spices, capers, olives, sofrito, etc. Pasteles Arroz con Dulce (sweet rice pudding)
Budín de Pan (bread pudding)
Flan (egg custard)
Bizcocho de Ron (rum cake)
Mantecaditos (Puerto Rican shortbread cookies)
Polvorones (a crunchy cookie with a dusty sweet cinnamon exterior)
Dulce de Leche (milk and key lime peelings' caramel pudding) Sweets Piña colada – The piña colada was introduced on August 16, 1954 at the Caribe Hilton’s Beachcomber Bar in San Juan, Puerto Rico and has been the beverage of Puerto Rico since 1978. Puerto Rico Jíbaro music Folk music Bomba Plena Danza Bolero Inspiration Merengue Guaracha and Salsa Reggaeton MUSIC Popular Music One of Puerto Rico's notable exports is its music, which is probably the predominant Caribbean music heard in the United States.
Some of the instruments used in traditional Puerto Rican music originated with the Taíno people. Hector Lavoe Willie Colón El Gran Combo de Puerto Rico Daddy Yankee Ricky Martin Jennifer Lopez The Commonwealth of Puerto Rico was founded in 1952. It had been a colony of the United States since 1898, and a Spanish colony before that. Christopher Columbus named the island when it was first colonized in 1493. 1st flag of Puerto Rico In 1892, the current design, modeled after the Cuban flag, was unveiled and adopted by the committee. Surrounding Islands: Dominican Republic,
Haiti, British Virgin Islands and Jamaica. Big Bodies of Water: The island's between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean. The last half of the 19th century was marked by the Puerto Rican struggle for sovereignty On September 23, 1868, hundreds of men and women in the town of Lares—stricken by poverty and politically estranged from Spain—revolted against Spanish rule, seeking Puerto Rican independence Dr. Betances had founded the Comité Revolucionario de Puerto Rico in January 1868. The most important figures in the uprising were Manuel Rojas, Mathias Brugman, Mariana Bracetti, Francisco Ramirez Medina and Lola Rodríguez de Tió. The uprising, although significant, was quickly controlled by Spanish authorities Following the Grito de Lares revolt, political and social reforms occurred toward the end of the 19th century. On June 4, 1870, due to the efforts of Román Baldorioty de Castro, Luis Padial and Julio Vizcarrondo, the Moret Law was approved, giving freedom to slaves born after September 17, 1868 or over 60 years old; on March 22, 1873, the Spanish National Assembly officially abolished, with a few special clauses, slavery in Puerto Rico. Holidays November 19 - Día del Descubrimiento de Puerto Rico (Discovery of Puerto Rico Day)
-The date on which Puerto Rico was discovered, November 19, is celebrated as a national holiday. Discovery of Purto Rico Day, or Día del Descubrimiento de Puerto Rico in Spanish, is celebrated with all schools and public offices being closed. A huge parade is organized annually on November 19 to celebrate the occasion.
January 5 - Los Reyes
On La Víspera de Reyes, Puerto Rican children cut grass to put in a shoe box under their bed for the camels to eat. Their "wish list" is placed on top of the grass. Grandparents, aunts, uncles and friends ask children to put a box under their bed too - just in case. The Reyes only come if the child has been good all year and if the children are awake they bypass the house. On this night children sleep lightly listening for any strange noises, whispers, or maybe sounds of the camels' hooves, or any tale-tale signs of the Kings' arrival. Sometime during the night Los Reyes arrive and quietly leave their gifts for the children while their camels enjoy their snack
July 25 - Conmemoración del Estado Libre Asociado (Commonwealth of Puerto Rico)
-A local constitution was approved by a Constitutional Convention on February 6, 1952, ratified by the U.S. Congress, approved by President Truman on July 3 of that year, and proclaimed by Gov. Muñoz Marín on July 25, 1952, the anniversary of the 1898 arrival of U.S. troops. Puerto Rico adopted the name of Estado Libre Asociado, officially translated into English as Commonwealth, for its body politic. Clothing Vestiges of Traditional Dress
Contemporary dress in Puerto Rico largely resembles that of any other warm-weather Western country. The "guayabera," a loose-fitting men's shirt, is a traditional garment that remains popular for both casual and dressy occasions. During special occasions it's common to see more traditional costume. The Taino
The indigenous people of Puerto Rico, the Taino, wore very little clothing. While clothing was minimal among the Taino, they practiced a good deal of body painting and adorned themselves with jewelry, such as bracelets, necklaces or earrings made from rocks, bones, feathers, shells and coral. Much of the adornment was used in accord with religious ceremonies or to indicate social status. The Jibaro
Following European arrival, Puerto Rican dress took on a heavily Spanish-influenced look. The traditional farmer, known affectionately as the "jibaro," wore a wide-brimmed hat woven from straw and a tailored cotton shirt and cotton slacks. Most farmers did not wear shoes. Women would wear long, full skirts, headscarves and a low-necked blouse. Large jewelry and hooped earrings were also typical. Terrain: mostly mountains with coastal plain belt in north; mountains precipitous to sea on west coast; sandy beaches along most coastal areas European Arrival
With the rise of the slave trade, Puerto Rico's mixture of clothing styles and cultures began to demonstrate influences from the African Yoruba, Ashanti and Bantu people. Capital: San Juan
National Symbol: Coqui
National Bird: Reina Mora
National Flower: Flor de Maga
Currency: United States dollar
Government: Republic
Population: 3.667 million (2012)
Religion: Roman Catholic 85%, Protestant and other 15% Jibarito Fried Platanos Empanadillas
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