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US History Timeline Video

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Trevor Myklebust

on 14 January 2013

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Transcript of US History Timeline Video

1607 Jamestown 1630 First permanent English settlement built by the Colonists of England Massachusetts Bay Colony A Group of Puritans along the upper coast in North America 1700 The Great Awakening A time that was used for religious revival that shocked many people in America 1765 Stamp Act Imposed a tax on printed items and other documents 1776 Declaration of Independence Thomas Jefferson along with his fellow gentlemen wrote this document. it was the result of continental congress pushing the colonies to develope their own governments. 1773 Boston Tea Party Indians dumped 18,000 lbs of the East India Tea Company's tea into the Boston Harbour 1791 Bill Of Rights First ten amendments to the Constitution 1798 Alien and Sedition Acts Consisted of four laws passed by the Federalist-controlled Congress as America prepared for war with France 1812 War of 1812 32 month military conflict between the United States and the British Empire and their allies which resulted in resolution of many issues remaining from the American War of Independence. 1820-1821 Missouri Compromise Series of agreements by Henry Clay stating that Maine was then on a free state and Missouri a slave state 1823 Monroe Doctrine Became a foundation for future American policy and represented an important step onto the World Stage 1836 Alamo Signified American spirit and gave US motivation to conquer Texas from Mexico 1800 Election of 1800 Thomas Jefferson and Aaron Burr, tie and defer Due to an intense campaign by Alexander Hamilton, Thomas Jefferson was selected over Aaron Burr after 35 ballots. Hamilton’s actions would be one factor that led to his death in a duel with Burr in 1804. 1803 Marbury v. Madison A landmark United States Supreme Court case in which the Court formed the basis for the exercise of judicial review in the United States under Article III of the Constitution. 1860 Southern States Secede When Abraham Lincoln was elected as president in 1860 southerners thought the government was becoming too strong. They did not think the government had the right to tell them how they should live. Southerners felt if they stayed in the United States, the North would control them. 1863 Battle of Gettysburg Fought July 1–3, 1863, in and around the town of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. It was the battle with the largest number of casualties in the American Civil War and is often described as the war's turning point. 1866 14th Amendment Its Citizenship Clause provides a broad definition of citizenship that overruled the Supreme Court's ruling in Dred Scott v. Sanford (1857) that had held that black people could not be citizens of the United States. 1868 15th Amendment Addition to the Constitution granted African American men the right to vote by declaring that the "right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any state on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude. 1865 Lincoln Assassinated Lincoln was the first American president to be assassinated, though an unsuccessful attempt had been made on Andrew Jackson thirty years before in 1835. The assassination was planned and carried out by the well-known stage actor John Wilkes Booth, as part of a larger conspiracy in a bid to revive the Confederate cause. 1850 Compromise of 1850 was a package of five bills, passed in the United States in September 1850, which defused a four-year confrontation between the slave states of the South and the free states of the North regarding the status of territories acquired during the Mexican-American War(1846–1848). 1863 Emancipation Proclamation An order issued to all segments of the Executive branch (including the Army and Navy) of the United States by President Abraham Lincoln on January 1, 1863, during the American Civil War. 1857 Dred Scott Decision A landmark decision by the U.S. Supreme Court that held that the federal government had no power to regulate slavery in the territories, and that people of African descent (both slave and free) were not protected by the Constitution and were not U.S. citizens. 1865 Appomattox Courthouse is the current courthouse in Appomattox, Virginia built in 1892. It is located in the middle of the state about three miles northwest of the Appomattox Court House National Historical Park, once known as Clover Hill - home of the original Old Appomattox Court House 1865 13th Amendment to the United States Constitution outlaws slavery and involuntary servitude, except as punishment for a crime. 1860 Election of 1860 Abraham Lincoln, John C. Breckinridge, John Bell, and Stephen A. Douglas, Abraham Lincoln won. 1863 Gettysburg Address is a speech by U.S. President Abraham Lincoln, considered one of the best-known in American history. It was delivered by Lincoln during the American Civil War, on the afternoon of Thursday, November 19, 1863, at the dedication of the Soldiers' National Cemetery in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, four and a half months after the Union armies defeated those of the Confederacy at the Battle of Gettysburg 1919 Treaty of Versailles Established nine new nations and shifted boundaries of other nations. Prohibited Germany from maintaining an army and made them pay for reparations. Ended WWI. 1930 Dust Bowl The region that was hit the hardest by the drought in the 1930's: Kansas, Oklahoma,Texas, New Mexico, and Colorado. 1929 Black Tuesday The Bottom fell out of the market and the nation's confidence. Share holders frantically tired to sell before prices plunged even lower. People who had bought stocks on credit were stuck with huge debts as the prices plummeted, while others lost most of their savings. 1932 Bonus Army 10,000-20,000 WWI veterans and their families arrived in Washington D.C. from various parts of the country. They called themselves the Bonus Army. 1932 Federal Home Loan Bank Act The Federal Home Loan Bank Act was the first in a series of bills that sought to make home ownership an achievable goal for more Americans. 1928 Election of 1928 Hoover won a landslide victory on pledges to continue the economic boom of the Coolidge years. 1927 Charles Lindbergh First pilot to fly solo, nonstop across the Atlantic Ocean. 1920 Prohibiton Banning of consumption, transportation, and manufacture of alcohol. 1925 Scopes Trial John Scopes illegally taught his students about evolution in Tennessee. He was arrested and tried. 1923 Teapot Dome Scandal The Teapot Dome scandal was a bribery incident that took place in the United States from 1922–1923, during the administration of President Warren G. Harding. 1921 Emergency Quota Act Restricted immigration into the country. 1920 18th Amendment U.S. Constitution banned the manufacture, sale, and transportation of alcohol. 1920 Sacco and Vanzetti Italian anarchists who were accused and punished for murder and armed robbery. 1914 Assassination of Franz Ferdinand Sparked the beginning of WWI. 1917 Espionage and Sedition Acts It originally prohibited any attempt to interfere with military operations, to support U.S. enemies during wartime, to promote insubordination in the military, or to interfere with military recruitment 1917 Selective Service Act A selective service act for American entry into WWI. 1915 Sinking of the Lusitania The British passenger ship, the Lusitania, was sunk by a German U-boat. 1917 Zimmerman Note Sent by Germany to Mexico suggesting an alliance between them, but it was intercepted by British. 1918 Fourteen Points President Wilson’s plan for peace after the world war. 1913 17th Amendment The Senate of the United States shall be composed of two Senators from each state, elected by the people thereof, for six years; and each Senator shall have one vote. 1919 19th Amendment The Nineteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution prohibits any United States citizen to be denied the right to vote based on sex. 1914 Clayton Anti-trust Act The act prohibited exclusive sales contracts, local price cutting to freeze out competitors, rebates, interlocking directorates in corporations capitalized at million or more in the same field of business, and stock holdings 1896 Plessy vs.Ferguson Plessy was arrested for violating an 1890 Louisiana statute that provided for segregated “separate but equal” railroad accommodations. Those using facilities not designated for their race were criminally liable under the statute 1905 Niagara Movement An organization of black intellectuals led by W.E.B. Du Bois and calling for full political, civil, and social rights for black Americans 1882 Chinese Exclusion Act Meant to limited chinese immigration. 1907-1908 Gentleman's Agreement The Gentlemen's Agreement between the United States and Japan in 1907-1908 represented an effort by President Theodore Roosevelt to calm growing tension between the two countries over the immigration of Japanese workers. 1876 Telephone Invented Invented by Alexander Gram Bell. 1890 Sherman Anti-trust Act The Sherman Antitrust Act of 1890 was the first measure passed by the U.S. Congress to prohibit trusts. 1859 Idea of Social Darwinism Based on the belief of survival of the fittest. 1862 Homestead Act The Homestead Act, enacted during the Civil War in 1862, provided that any adult citizen, or intended citizen, who had never borne arms against the U.S. government could claim 160 acres of surveyed government land. 1887 Dawes Act Also known as the General Allotment Act, the law allowed for the President to break up reservation land, which was held in common by the members of a tribe, into small allotments to be parceled out to individuals. 1893 Panic of 1893 A serious economic depression in the United States that began in 1893. This was a true and severe financial panic lasting from May of 1893 to November, 1893, with a run on currency, and banks closing, and businesses and manufacturers not being able to open because they had not cash to pay workers or buy materials. 1862 Morrill Act An Act Donating public lands to the several States and territories which may provide colleges for the benefit of agriculture and the Mechanic arts. This marked the first Federal aid to higher education 1866 Civil Rights Act Granted citizenship and the same rights enjoyed by white citizens to all male persons in the United States "without distinction of race or color, or previous condition of slavery or involuntary servitude." 1930 Hawley Smoot Tariff Act Established the highest protective tariff in the U.S. history passed by congress. US History Video Project Constructed By:
Nia Johnson
Trevor Myklebust
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