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THE GREAT GATSBY
Transcript of THE GREAT GATSBY
By Francis Scott Fitzgerald
Francis Scott Fitzgerald
Fitzgerald (1896-1940) was an American author and novelist. In his novels he tried to describe in a very precise way the American's Jazz age.
He was a MODERNIST poet and he is considered member of the "lost generation".
He wrote five novels:
"This Side of Paradise",
" The Beautiful and Damned",
"The Great Gatsby",
"Tender Is the Night"
"The Love of the Last Tycoon". He wrote many other short stories
A movement in literature, art and music swept along by people's disillusionment with tradition that seemed to have become spiritually empty. Writers began to question authorities and connection with the past. People lost their optimist and idealism. They got rid of the concept of the American dream.
Stock market crash
View of man: helpless against consuming goods
View of God: removed from man involvement
View of nature: impersonal towards man
View of society: cold, heartless and realistic about the future
The Great Gatsby was published in New York on April 10, 1925. It talks about the tragedy of the American Dream and it takes place in New York before WWII, in the summer of 1922.
The Great Gatsby explores themes of decadence, idealism, resistance to change, social upheaval, and excess, creating a portrait of the Jazz Age or the Roaring Twenties.
Nick Carraway, takes a job in New York and he rents a small house on Long Island, next door to the lavish mansion of Jay Gatsby, a mysterious millionaire who holds extravagant parties but does not participate in them. On the opposite bay lives Daisy Fay Buchanan, and her husband, Tom, a college acquaintance of Nick's, and they introduce Nick to Jordan Baker, with whom Nick begins a romantic relationship. She reveals to Nick that Tom has a mistress, Myrtle Wilson, who lives in the "valley of ashes": an industrial dumping ground between West Egg and New York City.
In one of those big parties Nick meets Gatsby and they become friends. Gatsby is in love with Daisy and she loves him back. But one afternoon Nick, Gatsby, Daisy, Tom and Jordan decide to go out together and after an argument between Tom and Gatsby, when they are on their way home, something bad happens...
Nick: the internal narrator of the novel, he is a Yale graduated student and he works as bond salesman in New York, at first he tries to resist to the call of money and fun that New York city sends out but after he meets Gatsby a Tom the power of the city drags him into its corruption.
Jay Gatsby: a mysterious millionaire, nobody knows his story and only at the very end Nick discovers that he is a WWI veterans who fall in love with Daisy five years earlier before the war. He was poor and Daisy refused him. Gatsby started to raise money with an illegal commerce of alcohol to recapture Daisy.
Tom: a member of one of the most richest family in New York. He is a racist, Nazi, proud aristocratic.
Daisy: she is married with Tom, she is in love with Gatsby but more than everything else, she loves money
THEMES AND SYMBOLS:
The pursuit of happiness and the American Dream: represented by the green light of Daisy's house, and Gatsby's house, his parties and his yellow car are the ostentation of the America Dream.
Tempus fugit: Jay wants to get back to Daisy exactly like 5 years earlier but he can't, the time changed everything.
Racism and Nazi ideas: Tom's opinions about the Jewish and the low social classes show how Hitler's ideology was spreading out also in US before WWII.
Society corruption: Nick has been captured by a corrupted world, the New York society of the Roaring Twenties.
"Old Sport": friendly way to call someone, Gatsby uses it every time.
Jay and Daisy meet each others again