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Denotation and Connotation Chunk, Chew, Check
Joshua Harndenon 17 October 2012
Transcript of Denotation and Connotation Chunk, Chew, Check
the dictionary and literal meaning of a word
the emotional / contextual / cultural meaning attached to a word; shades and degrees of meaning Home, House, Residence, Dwelling
Denotation: These words all mean a place in which someone lives. Connotation:
Home - cozy, loving, comfortable, security, images or feelings of people you associate with it
It could also be opposite, depending upon a person’s experiences. (Traditionally, the connotation is “cozy, loving,” etc., and a reader should be aware of this and other connotations in a reading passage.)
House - the actual building or structure
Residence - Cold, no feeling
Dwelling - primitive or basic (picture a cave, etc.) Fat, Fluffy, Obese
Fat - big, large. Connotation is somewhat negative.
Fluffy: a nicer way to say large or big. Used to soften the negative connotation of being overweight.
Obese - huge. Unhealthy. Very negative connotation. More clinical—a doctor’s way of saying you’re weight may kill you soon. Remember, word connotation can be powerful in a speaker/author’s mouth/hands. The connotation of a word can completely alter the meaning of a sentence. In the evening, when shadows conquered the land and day could fight the ravaging hordes of darkness off no longer, the people of the village gathered around the campfires, fearing the unthinkable evil that may be lurking in the darkness. 1. Search for "tone" words and underline them.
2. Choose one.
3. Ask yourself, "what does this word mean?"
4. Ask yourself, "what is the feeling behind the word?"
5. ask yourself, "why this word and not another? How does this word change the 'tone' of the passage." After reading the excerpt from Me Talk Pretty One Day, you will go back through it and choose twenty tone words. You will then list the denotation and the connotation(s) for each word. Lastly, you are to write why the author chose to use the words you listed instead of other words. This assignment is due tomorrow. Objective:
Be able to distinguish between denotation and connotation, and to evaluate an author's word choice in light of connotation. Jeff lazed by the pond, day dreaming about his life, as the crickets sang what seemed to be a lullaby and the wind gently ruffled his hair. Jeff lay by the pond, spacing out, as the crickets made noises and the wind blew. "Did you see that chick at the mall? Dang! She was so hot!!" The ugly old witch screamed at me when I had to walk on her lawn to get my ball back. Closure:
Answer in your own words.
1. What was the objective?
2. What is the difference between denotation and connotation?
3. How does connotation affect the tone of the passage?
4. What were the steps we followed to find denotation and connotation? Have you ever used a word that offended someone else or hurt their feelings and you didn't realize other people found the word offensive? Extra Credit:
At home tonight, speak with someone who is from an older generation and ask them about five words used regular in today's society that had a different connotation when they were younger. List these words on a piece of paper, write their denotation and connotation today, and the connotation from the past. Be sure to have the person you interview sign your paper. Review:
Tone-how the language sounds
Mood-how the reader/listener feels