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Civics and Economics Chapter 1 Lesson 4
Transcript of Civics and Economics Chapter 1 Lesson 4
Civics and Economics Chapter 1
Primary and Secondary Sources
Political Cartoons &
- Political Cartoons express the cartoonist's opinion on issues or events by using humor and exaggeration
- Political advertisements can be found in many different forms of media, and are created to influence viewers to believe a certain way
- Learning to analyze and understand political cartoons and advertisements can help you gain insights into current events and issues
- There are many sources of information available to you- from print sources, to the television, and internet
- Part of being a responsible citizen is knowing how to properly use these sources to stay informed about topics and do research when necessary
- It is important to distinguish between relevant and irrelevant information, because it will help you use sources of information more effectively and correctly
Ticket Out Of The Door!
1. How does a primary source differ from a secondary source?
2. What is an advantage of displaying information with a graph?
3. Why is it important to distinguish relevant from irrelevant information?
Standards and Objectives
VA Standards of Learning
CE. 1a- The student will develop the social skills responsible citizenship requires, including the ability to examine and interpret primary and secondary source documents
CE. 1b- The student will create and explain maps, diagrams, tables, charts, graphs, and spreadsheets
CE. 1c- The student will be able to analyze political cartoons, political advertisements, pictures, and other graphic media
CE. 1d- The student will be able to distinguish between relevant and irrelevant information
1. Students will be able to tell the difference between a primary and secondary source
2. Students will be able to analyze and explain messages in political cartoons, political advertisements, maps, charts, and graphs
3. Students will be able to analyze a source and distinguish the relevant from the irrelevant information
Copy down the questions from the board about the political cartoon and answer them in your notebooks
Woman: "How can the electorate allow such a sorry bunch in Congress?!
Man: DON'T BLAME ME! I DIDN'T VOTE!
- Primary sources provide firsthand information and firsthand accounts of the past.
- A primary source was one written at the time of the event being studied
- Diaries, Speeches, Letters
- Interviews, Autobiographies
- Original Documents
- News stories/ journal articles presenting information at the time of the event
- Secondary sources interpret and analyze information about the past
- A secondary source was one written after an event occurred
- Textbooks, magazine articles
- Encyclopedias, Books
- News articles published years after an event occurred
- Biographies, scholarly journals
Both types of sources are important when doing research on a topic
Learning to examine and interpret these sources will help you be a more informed citizen
When combined, both sources give the researcher a full picture of the event being studied
- Graphs visually represent data
- Advantage of graphs: displaying information graphically lets you quickly show comparisons and trends
-Government officials, economists, mathematicians, and business workers often use graphs to describe and summarize data
-Learning to read graphs can give you access to data that you will need to make informed decisions as a citizen
Check out these "legitimate"
sources of information
*Make your own political cartoon or political advertisement*
- Have students make a political cartoon or advertisement on one of the five freedoms guaranteed to citizens in the First Amendment
*S.O.L. Coach book, page 4*
Early Ads and
The First Political Cartoon
Political Cartoons and Ads date back to colonial times
Political Ads can be found throughout the 20th century
Base Group activity on five freedoms of the first Amendment
- Two Work sheets -