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Timeline of Science
Transcript of Timeline of Science
Early Time - up to 1400 C.E.
Early people were trying to survive…
no scientific thought present.
Agriculture begins to improve.
Allows for civilizations.
However, any natural event is explained using Deities (i.e. gods)
Pre-Socratic Age (600 - 450 B.C.E.)
Begin to explain natural events without mythology
Socratic Age of Science 450 B.C.E. - 1400 C.E.
Prior to 600 B.C.E.
Socrates introduces the "Socratic Method to philosophy".
Aristotle — Socrates' pupil — applies this method to "natural philosophy"
Ask only questions to obtain the truth.
Senses can, and are, deceived.
This type of "science" dominates Europe during the "Dark Ages" (500 C.E - 1300 C.E.)
Islamic Golden Age 500 - 1300 C.E.
Islamic Science is based upon experimentation.
Hayyen is considered the founder of experimental chemistry. He was the first to acquire his information from experiments, observation and scientific conclusion.
Avicena compiles an encyclopedia of medicine
Middle Times — 1400 - 1850 C.E.
"New Science" spreads across Europe
Scientific Revolution begins in 1543 and ends in 1687
1. Copernicus — theories of heliocentric universe are published
2. Galileo uses inclined planes to challenge Aristotle's theories of motion.
3. Francis Bacon translates Islam science and pushes for experimentation.
4. 1687 Newton publishes his theory on motion and gravity.
Age of Enlightenment sweeps across Europe (1700 - 1850 C.E.
Modern Times — 1850 - present
Advances in technology and mathematics
allow for rapid growth in science.
e.g. Alhazen discovers the nature of light.
e.g Thales — earthquakes
(Earth floating on an ocean)
Hippocrates & Galen
— modern medicine
Democritus & Leucippus — atoms
Empedocles — discovers air