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Alexander Graham Bell

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Andrea Meyer

on 16 January 2013

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Transcript of Alexander Graham Bell

By: Andrea Meyer Alexander Graham Bell Background of the Industrial Revolution The Industrial Revolution first began in Britain in the 1700s. It is called the industrial revolution because of the fundamental changes that occurred in agriculture, textile, transportation, architecture, and many more throughout that time period. The Industrial Revolution was also a time of many inventions and when inventors thrived because of all of the new discoveries, such as new techniques of using coal, that they could work from. The first factories were created, which opened up a lot of job opportunities for the working class, causing urbanization throughout England. The Industrial Revolution was a monumental time in history that changed what was known about technology at the time. The Early Years Alexander Graham Bell was born on March 3, 1847 in Edinburgh, Scotland (“Alexander Graham Bell biography,” 1). In his early life, many things influenced Alexander that were significant in relation to his adult life. His grandfather, Alexander Bell, whom he was named after, was a professor and teacher of elocution. His mother was also a big influence on young Alexander because she persisted in being a professional pianist even though she was deaf. That taught Alexander to look past people's disabilities and find solutions for their disabilities. At first, Alexander was home schooled by his mom but then eventually spent one year in a private school and two years at Edinburgh's Royal High School. Alexander proved to be bad academically, he showed a great ability to solve problems. At the age of 12 he invented a more efficient way of husking wheat, which was his first invention. At the age of 16, Alexander Graham Bell took a job at the Weston House Academy in Elgin, Scotland. There he taught elocution and music to students who many were older than he was. Mostly to humor his father, because what he was really passionate about was the physical communications, for the deaf. What influenced Alexander Graham Bell? In his early life, many things influenced Alexander that were significant in relation to his adult life. His grandfather, Alexander Bell, whom he was named after, was a well-known professor and teacher of elocution. Alexander Graham Bell's Grandfather was the person that inspired him to work with communications, and helped with that dream even when Alexander's father wanted him to carry on the family business of elocution (“Alexander Graham Bell biography,” 1). His mother was also a big influence on Alexander because she persisted in being a skilled pianist even though she was deaf. That taught Alexander to look past people's disabilities and find solutions for them. What are the negative affects of Alexander Graham Bell? When Alexander Graham Bell patented the telephone, it affected other inventors negatively. Western Union employed two prominent inventors. Thomas A. Edison and Elisha Gray to work on developing their own version of the telephone, claiming they invented the telephone first ("More About Bell," 1). Other inventors also claimed they had the idea first, but Alexander Graham Bell was the first with a successful design. The Bell Telephone Company had to fight the defend it's patent rights for over 600 legal charges. Portrait of Alexander Graham Bell. England during the Industrial Revolution Era. What affects did Alexander Graham Bell have on the world? Where the Industrial Revolution started Birth Place of Alexander Graham Bell. Alexander's grandfather, Alexander Bell. Alexander's mom, Elizabeth Bell. What are the Positive affects of Alexander Graham Bell? Timeline of v.s. 1752
Benjamin Franklin invents the
lightening rod 1837
Samuel Morse invents the telegraph Alexander Graham Bell is born
March 3, 1847 1866
Alfred Nobel invents dynamite Alexander Graham Bell patents the telephone
1876 1877
Thomas Edison invents the cylinder phonograph Alexander Graham Bell forms the Bell Telephone Company, and in the same year married Mabel Hubbard
1877 Alexander Graham Bell invents the first crude metal detector and along with assistant Charles Sumner Tainter
1881 1891
Jesse W. Reno invents the escalator The Aerial Experiment Association, formed by Alexander Graham produced four powered aircrafts.
1909 Alexander Graham Bell dies in Nova Scotia, Canada at the age of 75.
August 2, 1922 Bibliography Encyclopedia:

“Bell, Alexander Graham.” World Book Encyclopedia. World Book, Inc., 2006, Print.

Book:

Ellis, Elisabeth Gaynor, Esler, Anthony. World History: Connections to Today: The Modern Era. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall, 2005. N. Print.

Websites:

"Alexander Graham Bell Biography." A&E Networks Television, n.d. www.biography.com. Web. 14 Jan. 2013.

"More About Bell." PBS. www.pbs.org. Web. 15 Jan. 2013.

"Alexander Graham Bell - Biography." About.com. Web. 16 Jan. 2013.

"Industrial Revolution Inventions Timeline 1712-1942." Stories of USA. Web. 16 Jan. 2013. Alexander Graham Bell had major affects on the world. He not only created many inventions that varied from communicating human voices through a wire, to inventing an electrical apparatus to locate bullets in the body (“Bell, Alexander Graham,” 240-241). But he not only invented life-changing devices, but he also was a divine teacher of the deaf, and told his family, “he would rather be remembered as such a teacher than as the inventor of the telephone” (“Bell, Alexander Graham,” 240). Some of Alexander Graham Bell's many inventions... The Telephone Alexander Graham Bell was 27 years old when he worked out the principle of transmitting speech electrically (“Bell, Alexander Graham,” 240). Historians Elisabeth Gaynor Ellis and Anthony Esler state that Alexander Graham Bell patented the telephone in 1876 (246). Alexander Graham Bell having his first conversation on his telephone. The Photophone In 1881 Bell and his assistant, Charles Sumner Tainter, invented the photophone which is a device that enabled sound to be transmitted on a beam of light (“Alexander Graham Bell–Biography,” 1). Alexander Graham Bell's Photophone Alexander Graham Bell Industrial Revolution Inventions Alexander Graham Bell's passion of helping the deaf and working with visible speech changed the lives of many with that disability, including his wife who was one of his deaf students ("Alexander Graham Bell Biography," 2). While he took part in great strides with visible speech, he was also very passionate about the unknown in science, and all of his inspiring inventions, such as the telephone, changed the face of technology and communication for the better. The Metal Detector In 1881, President Garfield had been shot by an assassin, so Alexander Graham Bell developed an electrical apparatus to locate the bullet in his body in effort to save his life (“Bell, Alexander Graham,” 241). This “metal detector” was developed long before the first basic x-rays were discovered. Bell using his metal detector apparatus to try and locate the bullet in president Garfield's body.
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