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Best Prezi of all time
Transcript of Best Prezi of all time
What Happened At The Colosseum?
Gladiator fights were common in Rome because of the Roman's love of bloodshed and were also exhibited to demonstrate their superiority over the towns and states they invaded.
Large festivals and parades were held before gladiator fights which many came to spectate, including the gladiators and also the emperor.
Before these fights occurred, wild exotic animals from all around the world performed tricks.
Sometimes these beasts would be slain for entertainment. During the inaugural games of the Colosseum alone, over five thousand animals were killed.
• It was also common for prisoners to be executed before gladiator fights using means based on religious tales. For example, eagles would rip out the livers of felons, based on the Greek mythological tale of Prometheus
• Gladiator combat was the entertainment of choice for the Romans. Gladiators of different types would fight each other to the death or when the referee decided that one could not fight anymore. When this happened the audience, specifically the emperor decided whether or not the gladiators fought well. If they did not fight well then the other gladiator would kill his opponent.
• Animal fights were also common events. Sometimes these fights would occur between more than one animal or between an animal and a gladiator. During animal clashes there would be archers surrounding the arena floor to protect the citizens.
• Mock sea battles were also capable in the Colosseum. It was popular because many people died in these re-enactments. Some people drowned during the fights.
"During his reign [AD 79-81] Titus did little that was exceptional, apart from the incredible shows he gave for the dedication ceremonies of the hunting theatre [the Colosseum] and the baths that are named after him. One contest pitted whooping cranes against each other; in another four elephants fought. Animals both tame and wild were slaughtered, to the number of 9,000. Women (though none of any standing) took part in the killing; many men fought in single combat, but many others fought in squads, on both foot and in boats, since Titus had this same theatre quickly flooded … Others also fought on boats in the basin in the Gardens of Gaius and Lucius [the Naumachia], which Augustus had excavated for just such battles.… Such spectacles lasted for one hundred days. Titus supplemented them with some more useful entertainment: he threw little wooden balls down on the audience of the amphitheatre, each inscribed with a little picture of the prize that those who caught the balls could pick up from the appropriate officials: the prizes included food, clothing, vessels of silver and gold, horses, mules, cattle, and slaves.
On the last day of his games, Titus was seen to weep. When they were over, he accomplished nothing great, dying the following year."
Dio, AD 175 - 235
What is the source? -
What type of source is it? -
Who made the source? -
When was the source made? -
175 - 235 AD
What position was the person in when they created this source? -
Roman Historian/Citizen of Rome
How close was the person to the event being described in the source? -
Although Dio was not present at the inaugural games, the Colosseum would still have been a source of entertainment during his lifetime
What is the gender of this person? -
What is the race of this person? -
What was the class of this person? -
Dio would have been of the upper class as he was the son of a Roman senator and he was a consul
How much knowledge would he have had?
Dio would have had an in depth knowledge to the events at the Colosseum as he was an acclaimed Roman historian and published a history of Rome in 80 volumes after 22 years of research
Dio did not physically spectate the inaugural events
However, he lived in the time period in which the Colosseum was a source of entertainment
Was a historian and thus would have had extensive knowledge of the inaugural events
Witting, as it was published to be read by other historians
Motive was to provide an account of the initial events at the Colosseum and was part of a collection of 80 books called "Historia Romana" documenting Rome's 1400 year history
Mildly emotive language describing Titus' reign as having accomplished "little that was exceptional' and also describing the inaugural shows as being "incredible"
This source is very useful as evidence supporting the information about the events which occurred in the Colosseum as it:
Highlights that up to "9000" exotic animals, such as "cranes" "elephants" and "animals both tame and wild" were imported into Rome to battle and were slaughtered as entertainment
It also accentuates that gladiatorial combat was an acclaimed event at the Colosseum ranging from group battles to one on one fights
Naval battles were also anticipated events in which the Colosseum was flooded and filled with boats on which gladiatorial battles would occur
It was also evident that Colosseum events were highly political affairs which Titus used to gain support and respect
Titus also appealed the crowds by throwing wooden balls inscribed with prizes such as "food, clothing, vessels of silver and gold, horses, mules, cattle, and slaves" which the citizens could later collect from officials, a political tactic Titus used to gain respect and popularity
Alex Hossain, Julian Vo, Raunak Sura
Thank you for watching
What is it? -
Terra sigillata vase depicting gladiatorial combat with a victorious secutar poised over a surrendering retiarius, holding up his finger to signal defeat
Can it be accurately dated? -
It can be dated to 2nd - 3rd century AD
How does its condition affect its interpretation? -
Its condition is relatively untarnished as the main features etched into the vase can be distinctly seen
Is it reliable? -
As this vase was a domestic utensil the events depicted may have been exaggerated for their decorative ornamental nature. However, these events were not fictitious and most likely did occur in the Colosseum. Furthermore the vase was made during the time period in which the Colosseum was a source of entertainment for Roman citizens and thus the events depicted may be more accurate
This vase is useful as it demonstrates that gladiatorial battle was a popular subject for public and domestic decoration in all areas of the Roman Empire and thus, gladiatorial battles were a main event at the Colosseum. It also the highlights the broad variety of combats that occurred and the array of different gladiators that existed.
What evidence does it provide? -
The vase suggests that a large array of gladiators existed as the gladiators depicted are adorned in different armour. Furthermore the ripples at the base of the vase suggests that there were aquatic naval battles. And the hind legs of wild beasts are visible on the side of the vase demonstrating that wild animals were used in battles
We can conclude from both sources, that there was a wide variety of events which occurred at the Colosseum, which were widely popular and acclaimed throughout Rome. From both the vase and the historical text it is evident that:
Wild beasts were greatly utilised as a source of entertainment
Gladiatorial battles were the most popular events and there was a wide variety of different gladiators and fights which could occur
Naval battles were common as the Colosseum was capable of being flooded
Ripples of water (naval battles)
Gladiators with different armour (gladiatorial battles/variety of gladiators)
Hind legs of an animal (wild animals used in battles as entertainment)