Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM


Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.


OHI - Other Health Impairments & OI- Orthopedic Impairments

No description

Sheila Dove

on 28 September 2015

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of OHI - Other Health Impairments & OI- Orthopedic Impairments

The Federal definition of OHI as spelled out by IDEA:
* present instructions both orally as well as written and try to include visuals when applicable
* Give reminders and clarification as needed
* Frequent communication with the student's parent or guardian.
* Provide continual feedback; always include positive feedback
* Promote self esteem with positive reinforcement
* The use of peer groups for extra assistance
* Be sure to use differentiated instruction for different learning styles and needs.
" ...a severe orthopedic impairment that adversely affects a child's educational performance. The term includes impairments caused by a congenital anomaly, impairments caused by disease and impairments from other causes (e.g., cerebral palsy, amputations and spina bifida) " [Sec. 300.8(c)(8)]
OHI - Other Health Impairments & OI- Orthopedic Impairments
By: Sheila Dove, Sydney Williams & Peyton Wynn
* Muscle weakness
* Inability to concentrate long periods of time
* Fatigue
* Side effects from medications
* Physical restrictions
* Student may require frequent visits to the nurses office
* Special feedings

What are the conditions that fall under OHI?
* Epilespsy * Lead Poisoning
* Asthma * Rheumatic Fever
* Diabetes * Viral Hepatitis
* Nephritis * Blood disorders
* Spina Bifida * Tuberculosis
* Arthritis * Lyme Disease
* IBS * Autoimmune Diseases
( Conditions include, but are not limited to: )
" Other Health impairment means having limited strength, vitality, or alertness, including a heightened alertness to environmental stimuli, that results in limited alertness with respect to the education environment, that -
(1) Is due to chronic or acute health problems such as asthma, attention deficit disorder or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, diabetes, epilepsy, a heard condition hemophilia, lead poisoning, leukemia, nephritis, rheumatic fever, sickle cell anemia, and Tourette syndrome: and
(ii) Adversely affects a child's educational performance [Sec. 300.8(c)(9)(i)(ii)]"

Chronic conditions have a long duration and develop and worsen over time; such as asthma or arthritis.
Acute conditions have symptoms that appear and change rapidly. They are often intense and severe; such as a heart attack.
Orthopedic Impairment as defined by IDEA:
~OHI covers a wide range of health conditions and requires a complete evaluation. It is not a default category and does not cover adverse effects of active drug and alcohol use. Services are on a continuum and range from constant to intermittent. ~
* Potential for low self esteem
* Student may have difficulty relating to or
bonding with other students
* Negative body image
* Isolation
* Inability to concentrate long periods of time
* Frequent absences and/or tardies
* Inattentiveness
* Organizational and work skills may be impaired
* Reading, Math and Spelling weaknesses
* Students may feel self conscious
* Students may be defensive and argumentative
* Student may act out, or become withdrawn
* Student may experience a heightened sense of anxiety and /or depression,
* Provide rest periods
* Eliminate clutter in the classroom to minimize distractions
Teach general concepts while pairing it with individual instruction
* Provide a special location that is free of distraction for test taking and those students that are easily distracted.
* Provide special needs students with extra "wait time"
* Activities should be multi sensory
* Provide regularly scheduled breaks
* Provide speech recognition software, pencil grips, page turners and book stands
* Provide larger work areas (eg..wheelchairs)
* Adapt student's schedule for those needing to administer medication(s)
* Allow extra time for assignments missed during absence for medical reasons
* Use a buddy system for those students who may need assistance
* Use visuals
* Implement the use of digital machines and computer programs where applicable
* Provide a second set of books at home
* Color code books, workbooks and notebooks
* Ergonomically correct work stations
Characteristics of OHI/OI are not conclusive, and are not limited to:
Teaching strategies:
* Teach students specific techniques for organizing
* simplify steps for more complex actvities
* Seat student away from peers that may be dsitracting
* Seat student close to teacher
* Keep unstructured time at a minimum
* Avoid techniques that are confrontational
* Be consistant when enforcing the rules
* Break assignments into shorter segments
* Check on student work, notebooks and workbooks frequently

* Provide oportunities for movement
* Provide a checklist for long tasks/assignments
* Make sure all activities involve all students
* Be flexible
* Make rules & expectations clear and post them
* Check for understanding if there are chages in the schedule
* Break assignments into shorter segments
* Check on student work, notebooks and workbooks frequently
* Redirect when neccessary

Strengths in OHI/OI
* Challenges the idea of "normal"
* Teaches tolerance
* Teaches patience
* Teaches you, that it's not about "fixing" someone, but learning to overcome those obstacles that may keep them from an independant adult lifestyle.
Staying connected with your student's parents
* Snap a picture of your students good work and send it to parents or guardian
* Weekly newsletters
* Blog
* Handwritten letters
* Email
* Text
* There's a number of online programs available such as ebackpack and The Homework Site
* Create a personal journal for the student that you write a comment in every day and the student takes it home to parents
* Keep all lines of communication options open
* Establish a rapport with parents/guardian
Resources for Teachers, Parents and Students
Center for Parent Information and Resources
: This website has several links to information and other resources referencing OHI/OI; It is also available in Spanish

Project IDEAL:
This is a wonderful website that contains not only information about the conditions associated with OHI/OI, but has a drop down menu for videos as well.

Partners Resource Network: is a local based website from here in Texas. It contains specific information on State regularions as well as a list of webinars and workshops available in the area.

Special Education News: is an all encompassing site that provides information about Special Education including a list of abbreviations and their meanings.

Disabled World is a wonderful resource that supplies information on diffinitions and eligibility. There is also a list of videos about everything from accessible homes and ramps to inspirational films to wheelchairs, schooters and mobility.

Adaptations: doing things a little differently
Don't be afraid to ask for help or input! Especially, from the student or parents/guardians.
@ 3:25 min.
Did you know?
Lil Wayne has Epilepsy

IDEA - Building The Legacy of IDEA 2004. (n.d.). Retrieved September 11, 2015, from http://idea.ed.gov/explore/view/p/,root,regs,300,A,300%2E8,c,9,

Logsdon, A. (2015). Other Health Impairment - What is an Other Health Impairment. Retrieved September 14, 2015, from http://learningdisabilities.about.com/od/mo/g/other_health_im.htm

NASET.org Home Page. (2006/2007). Retrieved September 13, 2015, from http://www.naset.org/otherimpairments2.0.html\

Physical_Health_Impairments. (2014). Retrieved September 13, 2015. from http://www.bamaed.ua.edu/spe300/Physical_Health_Impairments.html

Watson, S. (2015). Accommodations, Modifications and Interventions. Retrieved from


Anne Rice & Nick Jonas have Diabetes
Jessica Alba & Theodore Roosevelt have/had Asthma
Aaron Fotheringham has Spina Bifida
RJ Mitte has Cerebral palsy
Full transcript