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Vascular Diseases

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Bianca Graham

on 25 September 2012

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Transcript of Vascular Diseases

Bianca Graham
Health Science I
2nd Period Vascular Diseases Aneurysm An aneurysm is the ballooning of an artery, which thins and weakens the wall of the blood vessel Causes ~ Hypertension
~ High Cholesterol
~ Cigarette Smoking Effects Aneurysms within the body or brain often causes no symptoms, but if it ruptures...
~ Pain
~ Hypotension
~ Fast Heartbeat
~ Lightheadness
~ Increased Risk of Death
...may occur. Some include: is the thickening of the arterial walls, which causes them to lose their elasticity. Fat, cholesterol, and other substances build up on the walls.
Atherosclerosis Arteriosclerosis Causes ~ High Cholesterol
~ Aging
~ Diabetes
~ Hypertension
~ Smoking
~ Family History
~ Unhealthy Diet Effects Shows no symptoms unless blood
flow is slowed or stopped.
If the flow to the heart stops, it
may cause chest pain. Hypertension (The Silent Killer) A.K.A High blood pressure. Blood pressure is the measurement of the force against the walls as the heart pumps blood. 120 80 Systole Diastole Hypertension is called the
Silent Killer because is generally has no symptoms. Causes ~ Smoking
~ Overweight
~ Stress
~ High Fat Diets
~ History Effects ~ There's usually no symptoms, but people can develop heart disease or kidney problems w/o them knowing they have hypertension. Hypotension is when the Systolic < 100 Embolism... is an traveling blood clot. Varicose veins... are veins that are swollen from the
pressure inside.
They come from:
~ Heredity
~ Poor Posture
~ Long periods of standing
~ Lots of physical activity
~ Age
~ Pregnancy Diagnosis & Treatment A.E.D/ Defibrillation Angiograms CPR Electrocardiogram Coronary Bypass Also known as an EKG or ECG, an electrocardiogram shows... ~ How fast your heart is beating
~ Steady or Irregular Heartbeat
~ Strength and timing of electrical impulses A coronary bypass is when a healthy vein from the leg is removed and attached before and after the coronary obstruction, making an alternative route for blood to get to the myocardium. A.E.D - Automated External Defibrillator Defibrillation - Electrical shock to bring the heart back to a normal rhythm. Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation... used in the presence of cardiac arrest. Cardiac arrest is when the heart stops functioning. Artifical Pacemaker When the heart has problems conducting an electrical impulse, a pacemaker fires an electrical impulse so that the heart will contract. X-Ray of the Blood Vessel using dye. Quiz... 1. True or False - An aneurysm is the thickening of the blood vessel.
2. Hypertension is also known as the...
3. What is a traveling blood clot called?
4. What is EKG/ECG short for and what does it do?
5. What does AED stand for?
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