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Multiple Intelligences

by: Brenda, Adriana, Alexandra, and Paulina

Brenda San Miguel

on 13 September 2014

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Transcript of Multiple Intelligences

Multiple Intelligences
Characteristics of Logical/ Mathematical Intelligence
Excellent problem-solving skills

Logical/ Mathematical
- Multiple intelligence identified by
Howard Gardner.

- Ability to analyze and think logically
Pros & Cons of the Logical/Mathematical Intelligence
Theory by Gardner

In his book “Frames of Mind: The theory of multiple intelligence”, Howard Gardner presented the theory Multiple Intelligence (1983).

In this theory, Gardner suggested every person learns in a
different way.
He refused to believe learning should be categorized as one specific intelligence. Instead, Gardner stated there are at least eight ways people can understand and sense the world, and each individual uses a unique combination of all these intelligence.

Think abstractly
Enjoy games that involve analytical thinking skills and strategies
- Ability to excel at math

- Ability to grasp information easily

- ability to easily come up with solutions to
mathematical operations or situations.

- Over analyzing

Addressing Logical/Mathematical Intelligence in classroom settings
Characteristics of Interpersonal Intelligence
First Characteristic
Second Characteristic
Third Characteristic
List of Responsibilities
Brenda San Miguel - Logical/ Mathematical, Musical Multiple Intelligences & Audio
Sadker, David M., and Zittleman, Karen R. Teaching, Schools, and Society. 9th ed. New York, New York:McGrawHill,2010. Print
Cherry, Kendra. "Gardner's Theory of Multiple Intelligences."
About Education. 2014. Web. Sep 7,2014.

Retrieved from
Provide charts and percentages to represent statistic.
Encourage group discussions.

Develop/design activities that require analytical thinking skills
Musical Intelligence
Characteristics of Musical Intelligence
Pros & Cons of Musical Intelligence

- Minds relax for better concentration

- Create a friendly and comfortable

- Helps develop students self-esteem

- Can be a distraction

- Difficult to decide a type of music
suitable for everyone

- Avoid the use of headphones
Addressing Musical Intelligence in a Classroom Setting
Cherry, Kandra.
"Gardner's Theory of Multiple Intelligence."
About Education. 2014. Web. Sep.7,2014
Retrieved from
www.Brainboxx.com. "Face the Music" Retrieved from
Enjoy singing and playing musical instruments
Tones, rhythm, and songs are easily remembered
Connect information with rhythm and sounds.
Incorporation of songs and videos to assist students with memorization of strategies and procedures
People with strong musical intelligence think in patterns, rhythms, and sound
Gardner defines “intelligence” as a group of abilities that:

• Is somewhat autonomous from other human capacities;

• Has a core set of information-processing operations;

• Has a distinct history in the stages of development we each pass through;
• Has a plausible root in evolutionary history.

(The second principle)

These 8 intelligences are divided into:

The development of this theory came from a cognitive research. If we think about it, each individual has his/her own mind and consequently, each
learn, remember, achieve, and comprehend in different ways.
Multiple intelligences in education
All eight intelligences are use and need in every person’s life. Therefore, teachers need to assist them all.

Gardner’s theory has actually not been widely accepted inside academic psychology. However, it has faced a remarkable response from many educators.

It has been applied by many teachers and representatives who believe this could help face a solution to the problems some students face when learning a particular subject.

A big number of schools have looked to
adapt their curriculum
according to these ideas designing lessons that can help incorporate this type of learning in the classroom.

Benefits of using the MI in the classroom
What is a visual learner?
A visual learner is someone who learns best by seeing the information.

It is known that visual learners make up around 65% of the population.

Visual learners most often learn the best when they are provided with written information, notes, diagrams and pictures.

Characteristics of a visual learner
1. Learn from seeing words in books, papers, and board.

2. When reading, stop and stare into space to imagine scene.

3. Quieter than most students.

4. Visual movement or disorder can be distracting.

5. When having to just listen-mind wanders

6.have trouble with just oral directions.

7. Likes seeing the end product rather than hearing about the steps.

Visual learning helps students clarify their thoughts

Visual learning helps students organize and analyze information

Visual learning helps students integrate new knowledge

Visual learning helps students think critically
When verbal
They are easily distracted
which is common and also
unfortunately a burden when major focus is needed.

Visual learning does not mix well with activities that require group interactions.

Visual learners are very limited to scenarios they can imagine in general however, real events may be proved to be very different from the learner's expectations.

Pros and cons of Visual Learners
Learns through observation and discovery

Skilled in sorting, comparing and organizing

Conducts experiments and has well-thought-out hypotheses

Has natural survival skills

Has strong bonds with nature and the environment

Has investigative spirit and natural curiosities about the world around them

Characteristics of a Naturalist Learner
Pros & Cons of a Naturalistic Learner
Naturalist learners learn about:
Collecting data about nature
Categorizing objects they find
in nature
To Keep journals about their findings
Finding patterns and relationships to nature

Since naturalist learn love to
be outdoor, it may be hard for them
to stay focused for an entire day
in a traditional school setting.

They will become distracted by
what is outside the window.

The physical (Bodily-Kinesthetic) Learner
Also known as
“body smart”
, learners express themselves and learn through movement and activities.

These students involve their knowledge, by using
all or part of their bodies
to solve a problem or create things; they are very creative and enjoy hands-on activities.

Characteristics of kinesthetic learners
Learn and remember by
Moving, touching, and doing

They have good motor skills.

They are really balanced.

They like to touch and explore.

Good at dancing, sports and athletics.

Pros & Cons of Kinesthetic Learners

• These students are often perceived as
nervy, problematic, or hyperactive.

• They may seem “slow” at times, mainly because they way material is presented doesn’t apply to the way they understand.

• These learners can ignore directions to try to figure out the solution by

• They have trouble remaining
sitting still

Bring students to practice and evidence in a faster way:
“You learn as you practice and practice what you learn”

This type of learning allows students remember something perfectly after doing it only

short answer
are great for this type of learning.

Can help other students to solve problems.

STRATEGY to implement in a classroom
Since naturalist learners love to be in the outdoors, I would take the classroom outside and have an assignment ready for them to do. I would ask them to take their journals and to find 3 different bugs and 3 different leaves. They will also write a description and must draw a sketch of their finding. When they are done we would go back in the classroom and they must present what they found.

This strategy not only
pertains to a naturalist
learner but also kinetic,
auditory and visual

I suggest that teachers should pass out a mini survey to each of her students so they can figure out which students posses what multiple intelligence. Once they know what type of intelligences are in their classroom, it would be a lot easier to make lessons that pertain to every student not just certain ones.

How can these 8 multiple intelligence be improved in the classroom?
Strategies to address the kinesthetic learners in the classroom
Linguistic Intelligence
"Sensitivity to the sounds, rhythms, and meanings of words and to the different functions of language."
-Richard I. Arends
Characteristics of Linguistic Intelligence:
Good at remembering written and spoken information.
Enjoys reading and writing.
Good at debating or giving persuasive speeches.
Able to explain things well
Often uses humor when telling stories.
-Kendra Cherry
To help these students to succeed in classroom activities we can use a big amount of tools

Puzzles, maps, cubes, abacus; all these will help our students as “Hands-on” learning tools.

Organize field trips, where they can discover, explore, and learn.

Role-playing in classes like history, can help students involve in the lesson and acquire knowledge.

Projects, experiments, and games can guide students’ energy in a positive way.

Paulina Diaz - Introduction, Kinesthetic Intelligence & Audio
Alexa Granado - Visual, Naturalistic Intelligence & Audio
MI Oasis- Official Authoritative Site of Multiple Intelligences

M live Michigan – Opinion over Gardner’s theory

MAW Education- Supporter of MI theory (Contains guidance of what MI stands for)

Gardner, Howard. (1999). Intelligence reframed: multiple intelligences for the 21st century. New York: Basic Books.
retrived from: The second Principle

(n.d.). Retrieved from TRAITS OF LEARNERS: http://my.ilstu.edu/~jdpeter/TRAITS%20OF%20LEARNERS.htm
Campbell, B. (1997, May). The Naturalist Intelligence. Retrieved from John Hopkins School of Education: http://education.jhu.edu/PD/newhorizons/strategies/topics/mi/campbell.htm

Inspiration software inc. (2014). Retrieved from WHAT IS VISUAL THINKING AND VISUAL LEARNING?: http://www.inspiration.com/visual-learning

JONE, J. (2014, June 22). Los Alamos Daily Post. Retrieved from Visual Learning: The Pros and Cons: http://www.ladailypost.com/content/visual-learning-pros-and-cons

Multiple Intelligences: Naturalist Learners. (2014). Retrieved from Home Educators Resource Directory: http://www.homeeddirectory.com/blog/multiple-intelligences-naturalistic-learners

Supporting your Naturalist School-Agers. (n.d.). Retrieved from VLS: Virtual Lab School: https://www.virtuallabschool.org/school-age/cognitive/lesson-9

Linguistic Intelligence (n.d.). Retrieved from Teaching English: http://www.teachingenglish.org.uk/knowledge-database/linguistic-intelligence
Interpersonal Intelligence

Interpersonal intelligence is concerned with the capacity to understand the intentions, motivations and desires of other people.
Characteristics of an Interpersonal Learner
They volunteer to help without even being asked.

They love pair work, group work or any type of task they can do with their classmates.
Pros and Cons of an Interpersonal Learner
• They are always ready to participate and contribute.
• They are good at empathizing with others.

• They do well in collaborative/cooperative activities.

•Manipulation, or trying to get their own way.
•Socializing, when they should be doing a quiet activity like reading or writing.
•Arguing, when their opinion is different from another classmate’s.

Pros and Cons of a Linguistic Learner
Can communicate very well with others. This helps with interpersonal relationships.
Can learn through lecture and notes.
May enjoy reading and writing assignments.
May not learn hands-on only activities as well as written assignments.
Dr. Howard Gardner
Addressing Linguistic Intelligence in the classroom
"Supporting and developing linguistic intelligence involves encouraging learners to enjoy real communication through reading and writing and speaking and listening. This allows learners to see the purpose of language and helps them take an interest in it. Writing and receiving real letters or emails from classmates or e-pals is motivating as are any group communicative speaking activities."
We encourage you to find out your strenghts!
Go to:


and find out
"How are you smart?"
Delia Zarate - Linguistic Intelligence, Conclusion & Audio
As future teachers we need to continue to be updated on the latest theories and how to apply them in the classroom. By using Gardner's Multiple Intelligences as a guideline to make lessons for students we are able to better teach our students to the best of their abilities. When we make lessons that use multiple intelligence stratigies we are able to make sure that no child is left lacking in their education. Also, by determining what abilities a student has they are able to help themselves later on by developing and enforcing their own strategies based on what their intelligence.
They ask people lots of questions and are often fascinated by what they have to say.
Addressing Interpersonal Intelligence in the Classroom
Pair work
Group Work
Play brainstorming games
Read a story
Intrapersonal Intelligence
Howard Gardner, in his book ‘Frames of Mind’ defines Intrapersonal Intelligence as sensitivity to our own feelings, our own wants and fears, our own personal histories, awareness of our own strengths and weaknesses, plans and goals.
Characteristics of an Intrapersonal Learner
Working alone and setting individual goals.
Intrapersonal learners are independent and organized.
Handle themselves well, even when under pressure or in a difficult situation.
Pros and Cons of an Intrapersonal Learner

Learn best independently
Intuitive and Reflective
Have confidence in their own abilities.

Addressing Intrapersonal
Intelligence in the classroom
Provide opportunities for individual projects and assignments.
Design projects that allow students to reflect and evaluate.
Encourage students to reflect upon their growth,set goals and evaluate their performance.
Learn best by:
Adriana Martinez- Interpersonal, Intrapersonal Intelligences & Audio
Pesce, C. (n.d.). ESL Learning Styles: 9 Ways to Teach Interpersonal Learners. Retrieved September 7, 2014.
Schoenherr, A. (n.d.). Effective Teaching Strategies for Intrapersonal Intelligence. Retrieved September 8, 2014, from http://www.ehow.com/way_5723923_effective-teaching-strategies-intrapersonal-intelligence.html
Butters, T. (2014, June 23). The Disadvantages of Intrapersonal Intelligence. Retrieved September 8, 2014, from http://www.ehow.com/info_8728319_disadvantages-intrapersonal-intelligence.html
A naturalistic is most often compared to a kinesthetic learner at time. They enjoy hands-on learning; they love to be able to touch, feel, hold, do. When they are outdoors, they seem to thrive in learning

Dr. Howard Gardner added the Naturalist Intelligence to his list in 1996. It is the first addition to the original seven.
What is a Naturalist Learner?
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