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History - The Story of the Olympic Games
Transcript of History - The Story of the Olympic Games
a religious ceremony. The first Olympic games took place in Ancient Greece, in 776BC. That's 2788 years ago! The Olympic Games were a way of honouring Zeus and the gods. Only men were allowed to compete... We know this because of paintings that were made on ancient vases. In fact the word 'gymnasium' means 'school for naked exercise'. Married women were not
allowed to watch... ...and if they sneaked in,
they would be punished. By being thrown off a cliff. The only prize was a
crown of olive leaves. However, they were treated as heroes for the rest of their lives. The winner could choose any woman in the town he wanted to marry. The Greeks did not number their years, as we do today. In Ancient Greece,
sports included: Boxing Chariot racing ...just like they do today. The Ancient Olympics
happened once a year. True or false? False. True or false? Women were forbidden from competing in the Ancient Olympics. True. ...and they did this
completely naked. True or false? The Olympic games were banned for nearly 2000 years. True. The Roman Emperor Theodosius banned the Olympics in 393 AD. Theodosius did not believe in Zeus,
or any of the Greek gods. He wanted his people
to follow Christianity. True or false? Olympic winners in
Ancient Greece were awarded with a gold medal. True or false? The Ancient Olympics took place in Bristol sixty years ago. False. True or false? Popular games in Ancient Greece were rollerblading, surfing and five-a-side football. False. Running Wrestling Javelin-throwing Activities: True or false? The Olympic Games used to be a religious event, like going to church. True. False. 776 B.C. 1 A.D. 2012 A.D. 776 B.C. B.C.
(Before Christ) A.D.
(After Jesus was born) 200 million years B.C. 1896 Timeline 393 1500 1000 500 772 B.C. 768 B.C. 764 B.C. 772 B.C. 768 B.C. 764 B.C. Jesus hadn't been born yet, so Christianity didn't exist. The Ancient Greeks believed that there were lots of gods... The chief god was called Zeus. ...who lived on Mount Olympus. 100 oxes were offered as a grand sacrifice to Zeus during the games. Many of which are still played today... Wrestling Boxing Javelin Running The years in the calendar were named after the champion. "The four years of Fred" "The four years of Harvey" "The Olympiad of Jacob" "The Olympiad of Bradley" We no longer have chariot races. Group 1: You will be given a number of sporting events. Sort them according to whether they were played in... Ancient Times Modern Times Both Group 2: Design a poster for the Ancient Olympics. You can include:
The Greek gods
Any other information you find interesting Group 3: You will be given a timeline and historical Olympic facts. Working in pairs, stick the facts on the timeline in the right order. Good luck! Plenary: What have we learned today? But we now also have Share your work with the class. 1970 1940
We will identify some differences between the Ancient and Modern Olympic Games.