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The consequences of the 1905 revolution
Transcript of The consequences of the 1905 revolution
The tsar Nicholas II forms the Duma to give the press people and society freedom of speech.This was mostly available to rich Russians and later the middle class gained general suffrage.Russia became a constitutional monarchy although the tsar quickly grew bored of this and issued the fundamental laws giving him outright control over the whole of Russia.
During this time period the Russian economy also seized.This event also gave future powers like Lenin and Trotsky a lot of confidence.As for those who benefited from the uprising for example the middle class and the serfs but these didn't last long because of what happened in 1917.The tsar replaced anybody who didn't agree with him in the Duma it wasn't really democracy but more like masked autocratcy,the tsar had a final say no matter whet the topic if it affected his country ,he decided.
This event was called bloody Sunday as there were hundreds of casualties , many protests lay dead as the peace was disturbed by the army who shot them down.It is still not known who gave the order to fire but no person in power has taken any responsibility.The peasants attacked or assaulted their land lords this was overlooked by the tsar as he saw it as casualties of bloody Sunday.The tsar published the 'October Manifesto', which promised to create a Duma (parliament). This caused many middle-class people, called the Octobrists, to support him. He also lowered taxes on the poor and brought in Peter Stolypin as his prime minister.
The liberals who wanted more power for the duma consolidated in the Constitutional Democratic party. The Social Democrats, who had organized a soviet, or workers' council, at St. Petersburg, attempted to continue the strike movement and compel social reforms. The government arrested the soviet and put down a workers' insurrection in Moscow.At the same time Stolypin ruthlessly suppressed the revolutionary movement. When World War I broke out in 1914, most elements of Russia (except the Bolsheviks) united in supporting the war effort.