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Grammar

What makes up a sentence?
by

Emma Honerbrink

on 27 January 2013

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Transcript of Grammar

GRAMMAR
MAZE Are you excited to learn about grammar? Start here! Yes No Wrong answer. Please try again. Grammar is an important part of our every day lives. According to Merriam-Webster's Online Dictionary, grammar is: "the study of the classes of words, their inflections, and their functions and relations in the sentence" http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/grammar Every sentence needs a subject and a verb. Subject: a noun that is being discussed or described. Verb - a word that expresses an action, an occurrence, or a state of being. http://tell.fll.purdue.edu/JapanProj/FLClipart/Verbs.html Nouns! girl
library
dog bread
marriage
folder I
you
he
she
it
we
they me
you
him
her
it
us
them my, mine
your, yours
his
her, hers
its
our, ours
their, theirs Pronouns! Possessive! Verbs! Present Past Future read
sing
run
think read
sang
ran
thought WOAH! usually... just add an "-ed" just add "will" or "going to" will read
am going to sing
will run
is going to think When we need to limit or give definiteness to the noun, we'll use... Articles! http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/article Definite Indefinite the a or "an" when in front of a vowel I sing, they sing, but she sings. We just learned how to build a basic sentence!
Good job guys! I sing.
A girl thought.
The dog runs. DEAD END! Even though we can get the point across using just subjects and verbs, sentences need words that describes nouns and verbs. Is the word
"Go!"
a sentence? No Yes Does it have a verb? Yes. Does it have a subject? Even though the subject is not written in the sentence, this sentence is a command and does not need the subject to be present. So actually, the word "Go!"
a sentence because the word "you" is implied. is DEAD END! GO back! What cup? The red cup or the blue cup? We would never know which cup broke unless we used adjectives. An adjective is a word that serves as a modifier for a noun. color
size
texture quantity
age
personality taste
Help us compare things. Can make adjective out of nouns and verbs by adding -y, -ary, -ish, and -ic salty cautionary boyish idiotic Adverbs are words that modifies a verb. quickly run
cautiously eat
neatly draw
precisely click
sloppily clean or you can put the verbs before the adverb run
eat
draw
click
clean run very quickly
eat rather cautiously Intensifiers How? Where? When? Condition? Reason? Lolly Lolly Lolly Get Your Adverbs Here - Schoolhouse Rock You can put -ly at the end of adjectives and make them into adverbs. The cup broke.
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