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Native American Dance- An Analysis of Native American Dance

We will analyze Native American dances.

Thomas Gibbons

on 4 October 2012

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Transcript of Native American Dance- An Analysis of Native American Dance

Native American Dance Political Structure Culture Costumes Music Religion Questions? By:
Thomas Gibbons
Hardy Fields
Mary Liz Porter
Laura Taylor
Alexandra Woodcock Native American Dance Bibliography Different approaches
Center of their culture
Religious rituals for healing
Social gatherings
Interaction between heaven and earth
One of the most complicated forms of music performed Vocals and Drums Vocals-
Made up sounds
Unusual rhythms
Off-key style
No harmony
Ask for rain or healing
Beats in time with mother earth
Base for the song
Key to native footwork Cherokee Men and Music Panpipes, flutes, whistles, drums, and rattles
Sang to lead dances
Phrases sung four or seven times
Begin or end with shout or whoop
Follow call-and-response pattern
Singing of prayers Comparing and Contrasting Tribes The Arctic People (Alaska and Canada)
Drum Dancing
The Creeks (Southeast)
Shell Shakers
The Choctaw (Southeast)
Social Dance Songs Decision makers were often the elders within the tribe.

Power was often transferred along a blood-line or to somebody who had strong merits.

Powwow is derived from the Algoquian word "pauwau", meaning "faithkeeper, elder and chief"

A powwow was simply a gathering of people to enjoy dancing, singing, rekindling of friendships and making new ones.
The Chieftain often decided when to hold a powwow. (cc) image by rocketboom on Flickr (cc) image by quoimedia on Flickr Chiefs and Dancing Made decisions about which dances to perform:
Rain Dance
Ghost Dance
Sun Dance
War Dance
Straight Dance etc. Straight Dance was used to record historical events by reenacting them. Often used in ceremonies to celebrate when someone was 'coming of age'

These dancing events were referred to as "PowWows" Bison
Land "Supernatural"
Farming/Hunting rituals
The Dead Can anyone find the 2 indians? Fun, Educational Facts Comanches could shoot 14 arrows on the side of a moving horse faster than a white man could reload his gun.
Native Americans used the buffalo for just about everything; teepees, clothing, food, bedding, tools, weapons, glue, medicine, shielding, and so on
Once an indian reached man-hood, he was sent into the wild alone with a sack of peyote to find himself.
Indians would surround herds of buffalo against Palo Duro's cliffs and force them to fall to their deaths.
Indians invented the sport of lacrosse. Depending on what type of the dance they are performing what they wear varies
Costumes usually consists of leggings made from animal skin, a headdress or regalia, a robe, some type of bead work or fringe, moccasins, and sometimes necklaces. Indian dances are not only done for fun, most of them are spiritual and the costumes they wear reflects the purpose of the dance. Costumes Indians paint their faces for dance. What they paint is always symbolic and is different for each dance The Creeks Grass Dance One of the most ancient dances of Native American historyThis costumes consists of an abundance of ribbons and fringes that enhance the movement of the dancers body. Ladies Traditional Buckskin Dance In the past, this dance has been reserved for Indian princesses and women of power. However, now it is open to all women.
One will wear a long robe and a regalia adorned with feathers
The dancer uses a fan while dancing. The fan is used for “catching the spirit of the drum.” Men's Southern Straight Dance This dance is performed to honor all the good deeds a tribe has done in the past. The way they dress for this dance varies from tribe to tribe, but it usually includes ribbon work, an otter tail extending down the back of the dance, and a porcupine headdress. Closely Connected with the land and nature
Personal Spirituality
Religious Ceremonies often related to hunting and farming
Experiential and Personal vs. Institutionalized
Relationship between Creator and Created
Never separated from every day life
Shaman and Medicine Men Characteristics of Native American Religion Christianity
Waashat Religion
Indian Shaker Religion
Drum Religion
Earth lodge Religion
Ghost Dances
Bole-Maru Religion
Dream Dance
Feather Religion
Peyote Religion Major Native American Religions Traditions are passed down verbally in families and communities
Elders are valued for their wisdom
Religious Dances
Seasonal – Harvest
Sun Dance
Ghost Dance Religious Traditions http://www.nanations.com/sioux_winnebago.htm
Full transcript