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POSSESSIVE ADJECTIVES & POSSESSIVE PRONOUNS

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jenny silva

on 24 February 2014

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Transcript of POSSESSIVE ADJECTIVES & POSSESSIVE PRONOUNS

POSSESSIVE ADJECTIVES & POSSESSIVE PRONOUNS

Differences
• In Spanish the unstressed possessive adjective su(s) can have six different meanings in English
Translation
In Spanish, one refers to parts of body using the definite article, whereas in English, we would use possessive adjectives
Possessive Pronouns
They replace nouns, therefore the noun is deleted, but the article is retained.
Differences in Morphology
Regarding gender and number
Differences concerning syntax
The main difference between possessive adjectives in English and Spanish is their agreement with the noun and the noun possessed.
Conclusion
Spanish
Possessive pronouns are marked for gender and number
The definite article precedes possessive pronouns. Exception: verb to be "ser"
English
Possessive pronouns are not marked for gender, nor number.
Possessive pronouns only have one form.
English
Spanish
English
Spanish
Besides...
The stressed possessives adjectives are marked of gender and number
Spanish
The possessive adjective agrees with the noun possessed.
English
Possessive adjectives agree with the possessor
So...
In Spanish, possessive adjectives agree with ....
In English, possessive adjectives agree with..
Spanish
Pamela busca a
su
hermana
English
People use the possessive adjective "
its
" for an animal or a thing, but for pets, people usually use
his
or
her
English
mine
yours
his
hers
ours
yours
theirs
Spanish
mine el mío, la mía, los míos, las mías

Can you lend me a pencil? I forgot
mine
¿Me puedes prestar un lapiz? Yo me olvidé
el mío

Here are your tools. Where are
mine
?
Aquí están tus heramientas. ¿Dónde están
las mías
?

His
el suyo, las suya, los suyos, las suyas, el de él, la de él, los de él, las de él
Hers
el suyo, las suya, los suyos, las suya, el de ella, la de ella, los de ella, las de ella
Guess...
_o_ _u__s, _o_ m__s y _o_ _u_str_s
Based on Jim Harvey's speech structures
POSSESSIVE ADJECTIVES
my, your his, her, its, our, their
This set always precedes noun
my mi(s)

your (familiar) tu(s)
your (formal), su(s)

his, her su(s)

its su(s)

our nuestro(-a, -os, -as)

your (fam. pl.) vuestro(-a, -os, -as)
your (formal) su(s)

their su(s)

Unstressed
Spanish

my mío, -a, míos, -as

your FAMILIAR tuyo, tuyos, -as
your FORMAL suyo, -a, suyos, -as de Ud./ Uds

his/ her suyo, -a, suyos, -as
his de él
her de ella

its de él/ de ella

our nuestros, -as nuestro, -a

your FAMILIAR vuestro, -a, vuestros, -as
your FORMAL suyo, -a, suyos, -as de Ud./ Uds

their suyo, -a, suyos, -as, de ellos, -as

Unstressed
It is only marked of gender in the third persons singular
his
and
her

his book ( el libro de él)
her book ( el libro de ella)
The unstressed possessive adjectives are marked of
number
, but also the
first
and
second
persons plural are marked by
gender.
Mi guitarra es nueva
Mi
s
guitarra
s
son nuevas
Nuestr
a
clase es pequeña
Nuestr
os
libr
o
s
son pesados
la casa
mía

las casas
mías
el peluche
mío
los peluches
míos
Nuestr
a
compañer
a
es alta
Nuestr
as
compañer
as
son altas
Nuestr
o
compañer
o
es alto
Our
idea is good
Our
ideas are good
Pamela is looking for
her
sister
Juan busca a
su
hermana
Juan is looking for
his
sister
Ellos buscan a
su
hermana
They are looking for
their
sister
Usted busca a
su
hermana
Your are looking for
your
sister
El perro busca
su
hueso
The dog is looking for
its
bone
There are two possessive adjectives that marked gender
his
and
her
I have broken
my
leg
Me rompí
la
pierna
My dog´s name is Brownie. His name comes from his color.
Can you tell me
your
phone number?
Your mother is beautiful
formal:
familiar:
your book (tu libro)
your books (tus libros)
Yours
your (familiar) el tuyo, la tuya, los tuyos, las tuyas
your (formal) el suyo, la suya, los suyos, las suyas

That book is
yours
Ese libro es
tuyo/ suyo

I lent Bob my car and he lent me his
Le presté a Bob mi auto y él me prestó el suyo
I forgot my book, so Susan gave me
hers
Olvidé mi libro, entonces Susan me dió
el suyo
Ours
el nuestro, la nuestra, los nuestros, las nuestras
Their country is bigger than
ours
Su país es más grande que
el nuestro
Yours
yours (familiar) el vuestro, la vuestra, los vuestros,
las vuestras
yours (formal) el suyo, la suya, los suyos, las suyas

Our house is next to
yours
Nuestra casa está al lado de
la vuestra/ la suya
Theirs
el suyo, la suya, los suyos, las suyas, el de ellos, el de ellas, la de ellos, la de ellas, los de ellos, los de ellas, las de ellos, las de ellas
Our city is as nice as
theirs
Nuestra ciudad es tan bonita como
la de ellos
Full transcript