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Elements and Principles of Art and Design

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Lachelle Farris

on 5 September 2013

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Transcript of Elements and Principles of Art and Design

Elements and Principles of Art and Design
ALL OF THE WAYS THAT WE USE THE TOOLS (Elements)!
The elements and principles
Elements and Principles of Art and Design
Vincent Van Gogh
Henry Moore
Elements of Art
All pieces of art, 2D and 3D, are made up of
Elements of Art

(THE TOOLS THAT ART IS MADE WITH)

Implies movement and direction. Outlines the form of shapes and is used to suggest mood.

Which tools and mediums have been used? Has the artist applied a lot of pressure?
Line
Adjectives to describe line:
weak, strong
dominant, thick, thin, directional, straight
curvy, broken, gestural, wavy.
Describes a 2D area

Shapes can be: open or closed, positive or negative, organic or geometric....
Shape
Adjectives to describe shape:
asymmetrical
solid, organic, repeated, symbolic,
proportional
3D quality of a shape.

Can be implied via tone/shadow or may physically be a sculptural, 3D artwork.
Form
Adjectives to describe form:
rounded, square

angular, textural, volume and mass may
be considered (is the object heavy or
light?
Refers to surface quality...
Can be seen or touched.

Can be simulated via: stippling, hatching, cross-hatching, scumbling...
Texture
Adjectives to describe texture:
shiny, smooth
course, thick, gritty, granular, soft
ROY.G.BIV
Can be cool or warm, vivid or pastel.
Artists use colour to convey mood, symbolism, or just for decorative purposes
Colour
Adjectives to describe colour:
bright,
vivid, dull, cool, warm, pastel, in harmony
discordant, realistic, abstract, opaque, transparent,
monochromatic, primary, complementary, analagous
Refers to the atmospheric space around a shape or form.

Within a composition, objects can be pushed forward or back in space to enhance perspective.
Space
Adjectives to describe space:
Positive, negative,
crisp, unfocused, foreground,
middle-ground, background, spacey, tight
busy, overlapping

Refers to the range of light and darkness within a composition.

Can also be referred to as TONE/tonal study.

Value helps to create a realistic sense of depth in a composition.
Value
Words used to describe value:
highlight, reflected light, midtone, cast shadow, tinted, shaded, high key, low key, moody,
bright
Here's a Mneumonic phrase to help!

L
uke = _________
C
oloured = __________
V
ery = __________
S
harply = ___________
F
or = ____________
T
en = _____________
S
econds = ___________
Don't think you'll be able to remember all of that?
Contrast
Juxtaposition of opposite qualities in an artwork.
High contrast
can be used to emphasize, dramatasize, and add variety and surprise
Low contrast
can be used to soothe, settle, harmonize and comfort.
Emphasis
Is used to call attention to specific areas of the composition. Generally points to the focal point of the artwork.
Movement
Elements are organized to guide the viewer's eye through the artwork, or imply motion.

Can be implied through
representational images in action
or non-representational marks like
diagonal lines, broken edges or a gradiation
of tone.
Pattern
Repetition of visual items or motifs
on a surface
that creates a rhythm, to create unity, or to simply enrich an image.
Let's Practise...
Which Elements or Principles do you see in these pieces of art?

Hint: You could argue for them! There could be more than one answer!
Consider the sense of order and equilibrium between elements in an artwork.

An imbalanced artwork can make you feel awkwardness or discomfort, a balanced artwork may make you feel calm and order.
Balance
Adjectives to describe balance:
symmetrical,
asymmetrical, proportional, stable, disjointed
Principles of Art
High contrast light or colour,
low contrast colour,
Can be achieved using any of the
Elements of art... anything that
draws your eye first, or stands out!
Unity (Harmony)
Elements and qualities of an artwork working together to create a sense of "oneness".

Unity can produce feelings of completeness and order, pleasant to look at.

Lack of unity can communicate disharmony, disorder, or incompleteness, but can also inspire interest.
Rhythm
The repetition of shapes, lines, and forms.


Visual rhythm has the power to
sustain interest based on its
orientation.
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