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Mount Everest - Acclimatization

Joe Mayes, Tyler Butcher, Morgan Winters, Connor Wilkinson

Morgan Winters

on 11 January 2013

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Transcript of Mount Everest - Acclimatization

Acclimatization is the process of adapting to lower oxygen levels at higher altitudes. It involves alternating between climbing days and rest days until the body is accustomed enough to function safely. If not properly acclimated, one can develop Acute Mountain Sickness (AMS). Acute Mountain Sickness is a condition caused by lower oxygen levels coupled with reduced pressure. Headache, nausea, dizziness, lack of appetite, and painful cough should be respected in order to avoid a more serious form of AMS. Human endurance is severely compromised during cold temperatures and extreme altitudes. In order to prevent over-extension, a turn around time is established. This "Red-Line" is the time at which the climber(s) must stop trying to reach the summit, and head back to camp.

Acclimatization Joe Mayes, Morgan Winters,
Tyler Butcher, Connor Wilkinson AMS Why Acclimate? Turn Around Time Acclimatization: The physiological adaptation of an animal or plant to changes in climate or environment, such as light, temperature, or altitude. In regards to mountain climbing, it is essential that the climber takes time to adjust to the climatic changes, particularly low oxygen levels at higher altitudes HAPE HACE ~"High Altitude Pulmonary Edema"
~ Fluid accumulation in the lungs
~ Occurs at 2500m above sea level
~ Symptoms:
- Difficulty breathing at rest
- Weakness
- Chest tightness
- Central Cyanosis (blue skin color)
- Rapid heart rate
- Rapid shallow breathing
~ Frequently Fatal ~"High Altitude Cerebral Edema"
~Fluid accumulation and swelling
of the brain
- Confusion
- Fatigue
- Ataxia
- Hallucinations
- Seizures
- Paralysis
- Coma
~Extremely fatal Bibliography ~ http://www.explorehimalaya.com/acute_mountain_sickness(ams).php

~ http://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/extreme- fear/201205/everest-s-psychological-trap

~ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/High_altitude_pulmonary_oedema

~ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/High_altitude_cerebral_oedema
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