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Women's Role in Society During the Industrial Revolution

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Jamie Wallenstein

on 19 December 2012

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Transcript of Women's Role in Society During the Industrial Revolution

During the Industrial Revolution Women's Rights & Roles Women's Roles Prior to the Industrial Revolution Women were defined by their household roles
No legal identity apart from husbands
Legally inferior
Economically dependent on men
Women were to remain at home to bear and nurture children The idea of Women's Rights began in the Enlightenment
In July, 1848, the first women's rights convention was held in Sececa Falls, NY
It was lead by Lucretia Mott and Elizabeth Stanton
They drafted a Declaration of Sentiments, modeled after the Declaration of Independence. It stated "All men and women are created equal", and demanded women's rights to vote.
Arthur Denny proposed the first legislation that would have enabled women the right to vote, but it failed. Introduction of Women's Rights Movements The Industrial Revolution opened the door for new jobs for women
Not enough men to occupy the low-pay jobs that were created
Many worked in textile factories, as seamstresses, and sometimes miners.
Most jobs were filled by the working class who wanted a better quality of life. Women Begin Paid Occupations Work conditions were often unsanitary and dangerous
Women earned less than half of what men earned.
Personal account from Hannah Goode, working in a textile factory: "I work at Mr. Wilson's mill. I think the youngest child is about 7. I daresay there are 20 under 9 years...William Crookes is overlooker in our room. He is cross-tempered sometimes. He does not beat me; he beats the little children if they do not do their work right..."
Personal account from a six year old working in South Wales Mine: "I have been down six weeks and make 10 to 14 rakes a day; I carry a full 56 lbs. of coal in a wooden bucket. I work with sister Jesse and mother. It is dark the time we go."
Most worked from 8 am to 11 pm in the winter, 6 am to 12 am in the summer. Work Conditions for Women In the early 1800s, women were not allowed to attend school after grammar school.
In 1818, Emma Willard made an appeal to the New York State legislature to fund education. With support from Thomas Jefferson, The Common Council gave her $4,000 to fund Emma’s school called the Troy Female Seminary in Troy, New York.
Female colleges were established and taught courses in preparation for home duties, cultivation of formal gentility and grace for their social value, discipline of the 'mental powers, so that women might be ready for any emergency in life, and constant emphasis on religious and Christian purpose
Women still fought for coeducation; equality
Oberlin College in Ohio was the first college to coeducate. Women's Advancement in Education Women Who Made a Difference Susan B. Anthony Dedicated her life to women suffrage
Also an abolitionist and fought against slavery
Educational Reformer
“There is no difference between the mind of men and the mind of women”
Equal pay for work
President of the National Women Suffrage Association
Property Rights Elizabeth Cady Stanton Personal friends with Susan B Anthony
Driving force of 1848 Convention in Senecca
Helped draft the Declaration of Rights of Women
Active participant in the suffrage and abolition of slavery
Traveled through the US giving lectures and expressing her views Nancy Langhorne Astor Became the first woman to sit in and be elected to the House Of Commons
Established and ran hospitals on her property during times of war
Born a Virginian, married and became a Viscountess
Significant because she introduced a woman’s view into British Parliament Elizabeth Garrett Anderson First woman to qualify as a doctor in England
Got medical degree in other countries because England forbade her from learning
Opened a university of medicine for women
1876 an act was passed in Britain allowing women to enter medical profession
First female mayor of England Louisa Garrett Anderson became a woman doctor of her own generation
Established war-time women-run hospitals during World War I
Ran Notting Hill Nursing Home
Second World War- she joined surgical staff at her sister's hospital Women were able to hold higher positions in society such as doctors, lawyers, etc.
The actions taken by women during the industrial revolution eventually lead to equality between men and women.
Although it was not seen for years after, it ultimately allowed women the right to vote.
Women were also eventually allowed to run for positions in the government. Impacts "Archives: Part One." Beloit. Beloit College, n.d. Web. 19 Dec 2012.

"Biography of Susan B. Anthony." National Susan B. Anthony Museum & House. Susan B.
Anthony House, 2009. Web. 19 Dec. 2012.

"The History of Women's Rights." ThinkQuest. Oracle Foundation, n.d. Web. 19 Dec. 2012.

Hufford, Bob. "Lady Nancy Witcher Langhorne Astor." Find A Grave. N.p., 1 Nov. 2010. Web.
19 Dec. 2012.

"Lesson: Industrial Revolution (Women in World History Curriculum)." Lesson: Industrial
Revolution (Women in World History Curriculum). Women in World History Curriculum, n.d. Web. 19 Dec. 2012.

“The Origins of Women’s Rights Movements.” Washington State Historical Society. Washington
State Historical Society, n.d. Web. 19 Dec. 2012

Sheffield, Wesley . "Westward Expansion." Angelfire. Angelfire. Web. 19 Dec 2012.

"Women's Rights Timeline." Annenberg Classroom. Lenore Annenberg Institution for Civics, n.d. Web. 19 Dec. 2012. Works Cited
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