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Female Genital Mutilation
Transcript of Female Genital Mutilation
Physical and mental integrity,
Freedom from violence,
The highest attainable standard of health,
Freedom from discrimination on the basis of sex
Freedom from torture, cruel, inhuman and degrading treatments;
Life (when the procedure results in death). Feminist Theory Advocates for women who are forced to undergo this procedure. What is it? Female genital mutilation (FGM) comprises all procedures that involve partial or total removal of the external female genitalia, or other injury to the female genital organs for non-medical reasons.
FGM is mostly carried out on young girls between infancy and age 15 (before puberty) and rarely in adulthood. Who is at risk? Social & Culture Violation of Rights Effects Is practiced in 28 African countries, a few countries in Asia and the Middle East. Highly prevalent in:
India-Pakistan subcontinent Approximately
have been affected by female genital mutilation worldwide. Procedures 1. Clitoridectomy: Partial or total removal of the clitoris.
2. Excision: Partial or total removal of the clitoris and the labia minora, with or without excision of the labia majora.
3. Infibulation: Narrowing of the vaginal opening through the creation of a covering seal. The seal is formed by cutting and repositioning the inner, or outer, labia, with or without removal of the clitoris.
4. Other: All other harmful procedures to the female genitalia for non-medical purposes (e.g. pricking, piercing, incising, scraping and cauterizing the genital area). Female Genital Mutilation
has NO health benefits
and ONLY causes harm. Violates a woman's right to health, security and physical integrity. Is discriminatory
towards women. Is a form of torture. NOTE: 140 million girls Equality Now Human Sexuality Textbook Main Sources: Results of a 250 patient survey:
80% more likely to encounter painful menstruation
49% more likely to complain about vaginal dryness
45% more likely to lack sexual desire
49% less likely to be pleased by sex
61% more likely to have difficulty reaching orgasm Medical complications include:
infection and cysts
painful menstruation and urination
obstructed labour and infertility
need for later surgeries http://www.endfgm.eu/en/female-genital-mutilation/a-human-rights-violation/ International HUMAN RIGHTS bodies have set standards which address FGM and the human rights it violates. These international and regional standards require countries to fulfill their human rights obligations by protecting women and girls at risk of FGM. This is NOT a hospital. This is NOT sanitary. This is NOT a doctor. There are NO antibiotics. In Africa, about 101 million girls age 10 years and above are estimated to have undergone FGM. Sources: Religion TORTURE
CULTURE Linked to "cultural tradition." FGM is often considered a necessary part of raising a girl properly, and a way to prepare her for adulthood and marriage. Male vs. Female Circumcision Done for social, cultural and/or religious reasons? http://www.circumstitions.com/FGMvsMGM.html Yes Yes Justified for sanitary purposes? Yes No Legal? Yes No Causes immense pain and discomfort? No Yes Without consent? No Yes Severe damage with long term effects? No Yes Can cause death? No Yes Female Genital Mutilation must end! No medical benefits, only causes harm;
Causes many short and long term physical and psychological effects;
Is discriminating and violates women's rights. Various YouTube videos Stop FGM Now THANK YOU Keeps them pure and prevent from masturbating. Not always for religious reasons, more of a social pressure. Generational trend and uphold family reputation. Belief of the elders that this is a necessary procedure. Reasons why are unclear and unknown. Solution? Educate others on the topic and support organizations that try and end FGM. No tolerance. Strips kids of their childhood. From a human rights perspective, FGM is a violation of women and girls' basic human rights.