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Transcript of VOCAL REGISTRATION
Garcia's Definiton of Registration
"By the word register we mean a series of consecutive and homogeneous tones going from low to high, produced by the development of the same mechanical principle, and whose nature differs essentially from another series of tones, equally consecutive and homogeneous, produced by another mechanical principle." (1847)
Proposed theories of chest and falsetto (head) registers, and clear timbre and sombre timbre (Mémoire sur la voix humaine, 1840)
Manuel García II (1805-1906)
"Father of vocal pedagogy"
To facilitate an even and smooth
transition throughout the vocal range
for maximum resonance, physical
comfort, and artistic freedom.
This presentation will offer information about the anatomy and acoustic phenomena associated with registration, and suggest exercises to coordinate registers.
1. Trusting sound over sensation
2. Mistaking excessive muscular involvement for breath "support"
3. Incorrect vowel modification at passaggio events - singing open vowels
4. Excessive modeling
Is your body (and jaw) aligned correctly? How does it affect your tongue and soft palate?
Are you employing adequate breath energy?
Are your throat muscles free and larynx low upon inhalation?
Dr. Susan Hochmiller
shortened and thickened vocal folds; thyroarytenoid dominant
thinned and elongated vocal folds; cricothyroid dominant
1. Downstream resister exercises: tongue trills, lip trills
2. Semi-occluded exercises: phonating through a straw, buzzing [v] hum, open-mouth continuants [ŋ],[n] and [m]
sirens, scales and chromatic passages
vowels like [i] to focus other vowels
5. Messa di voce exercises on one pitch
6. Utilize elevated or excited
passageways or transitions between changes in registration
Clifton Ware, Basics of Vocal Pedagogy - Tarneaud (1961)
Common Registration Problems
Bozeman, Kenneth (2013). Practical Vocal Acoustics: Pedagogic Applications for Teachers and Singers. Hillsdale, NY: Pendragon Press.
McCoy, Scott (2012). Your Voice: An Inside View. Delaware, OH: Inside View Press.
Miller, Richard (1986). The Structure of Singing: System and Art in Vocal Technique. New York: Charmer Books.
Vennard, William (rev. 1967). Singing: The Mechanicsm and the Technic. Cooper Square, NY: Carl Fischer, Inc.
Ware, Clifton (1998). Basics of Vocal Pedagogy: The Foundations and Process of Singing. New York: McGraw-Hill.
also known as heavy mechanism, modal register,
or (vibrational) mode 1
also known as light mechanism or (vibrational) mode 2
Approximate Register Events
(Miller, The Structure of Singing)
primo passaggio and secondo passaggio
soprano E4 F#5
mezzo F4 E5
tenor D4 G4
baritone B4 E4
bass A3 D4
"Register refers to homogeneous tone qualities produced by the same mechanical system, and the term registration refers to the process of using and combining the registers to achieve artistic singing." Clifton Ware, Basics of Vocal Pedagogy
Male Turning Over/Cover
[ɔ] toward [ʊ]
[o] toward [ʊ] or [u]
[ɛ] toward [e] or [ɪ]
Musical Examples of Registration
Your Voice: An Inside View