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Romanticism

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Samuel Willemsen

on 13 June 2016

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Transcript of Romanticism

Romanticism
1798-1860 (debatable)
Heart over Head
Romanticism was a movement in art, literature and music in both Europe and America as an answer to "The Age of Enlightenment" and rationalism which can be characterized by 5 "I's"
- Imagination
- Intuition
- Idealism
- Inspiration
- Individuality
Imagination
Intuition
For the romantics intuition, or feeling, or emotion was placed over reason. According to them the head (reason), though important, has its shortcomings.
Emotion was the most important element in Art.

William Wordsworth described poetry as "the spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings".
Idealism
The idea that we can make the world a better place.

Idealism refers to any theory that emphasizes the spirit, the mind, or language over matter.

Thought has a crucial role in making the world a better place

Immanuel Kant held that the mind forces we perceive to take the shape of space-and-time.
Inspiration
The romantic artist, musician, or writer, is an "inspired creator" rather than a "technical master".

This means that they "go with the moment" or are spontaneous rather than "getting it precise.
Individuality
The romantics celebrate the idea of the individual.
A person is born innocent and good and it is society which corrupts them.
The romantics also believed in the equality of each individual.
During this period Women's Rights and Abolitionism were taking root as major movements.
Walt Whitman wrote a poem entitled "A song of Myself" which began "I celebrate myself"
The romantics emphasized the use of imagination over reason.

This was a backlash against the rationalism of the Neoclassical period.

Imagination (together with intuition and emotion) can discover deeper, abstract, more significant truths than reason can discover.

Samuel Taylor Coleridge called it "Intellectual Intuition"
My Heart Leaps Up

My heart leaps up when I behold
A rainbow in the sky:
So was it when my life began;
So is it now I am a man;
So be it when I shall grow old,
Or let me die!
The Child is father of the Man;
And I could wish my days to be
Bound each to each by natural piety.
To Sum Up

Artists showed a renewed interest in the
authentic spirit of a people
, and began to search for ways of expressing this quality—both in their work and in their public personae.
In addition, Romantic-era artists began to
grow restless under the restrictions placed on creative expression by the vogue for artificiality and rigid formalism
of the previous age. A new, more
subjective and “organic”
notion of aesthetic and philosophical value began to emerge.
Full transcript