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Complex Sentences

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by

Robert Lawrence

on 7 May 2014

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Transcript of Complex Sentences

A complex sentence consist of an independent and a dependent clause.
Practice
Instructions
For each of the examples below, identify each clause as an independent or dependent clause. Mark the questions with an
I
(independent) or a
D
(dependent).

1) While Wendy was at her doctor’s appointment. _____

2) William walks his dog, Sparky. _____

3) Before Wanda makes coffee in the morning. _____

4) Exercising first thing I do in the morning. _____

5) Mountain biking is difficult for beginners. _____

6) Because it is dark out when I arrive at the office. _____

7) Since Wade wakes up early every morning. _____

8) He sometimes does not set his alarm on Sundays. _____

9) Whenever it is snowing heavily. _____

10) Mia can be lethargic, moody and depressed. _____

What is a complex sentence?
More Practice

D. C.
Since I like caviar,

When I fell on the asphalt,

Because my car broke down,

Unless she gets a 4.0 GPA,

Though he likes Princeton,
Complex Sentence Formation
You can form a complex sentence in two ways. One way uses a comma and the other does not.

Dependent Clause
+ , +
Independent Clause
= Complete Sentence

Independent Clause
+
Dependent Clause
= Complete Sentence
“Words are, of course, the most powerful drug used by mankind.”
-Rudyard Kipling

Complex Sentences
But what is a clause ?
Dependent Clause
A dependent clause consists of a subordinate conjunction, a subject, and a verb. It does not express a complete thought.
Ex. Because I like clauses
Every day subordinate conjunctions:
after
although
as
because
before
if
once
since
than
that
where
wherever
whether
while
why
though
unless
until
when
whenever
Independent Clause
An independent clause consist of a subject and verb. It does express a complete thought.
Ex. I will make one hundred more.
An independent clause can be independent. This means that it can be a complete sentence by itself.
D
D
D
D
D
I
I
I
I
I
Instructions
Match each dependent clause with its matching independent clause. The dependent clause will go first. Each clause has an obvious pair.

I. C.
I had to walk home.

she will not feel proud of herself.

we had that for my birthday.

He is going to Harvard.

I fractured my ankle.
Because I like clauses,
I will make one hundred more.
I will make one hundred more
because I like clauses.
OR
Ex:
Let's Review
What is a complex sentence?
A sentence containing an independent and dependent clause.
What is a dependent clause?
A dependent clause consists of a subordinate conjunction, a subject, and a verb. It does not express a complete thought.
What is an independent clause?
An independent clause consist of a subject and verb. It does express a complete thought.
Structure of a complex sentence
Independent
Clause
Complex

Sentences
Dependent
Clause
Independent Clause
An independent clause consist of a subject and verb. It does express a complete thought.
Ex:I will make one hundred more.
Independent clauses are independent. This means that they are already complete sentences.
Full transcript