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THE CODE OF HAMMURABI
Transcript of THE CODE OF HAMMURABI
to The Code
The Code of Hammurabi is the oldest code of laws in the world ("Hammurabi's Code")
Features of the Code
King Hammurabi created the Code in order to protect the weak from the powerful and the poor from the rich ("Hammurabi's Code")
Using the Code, Babylonian judges would match crime(s) someone committed with the punishment listed (Gibson, Murphy, Jarman, and Grant 10-11)
§ 6. If a man has stolen the goods of temple or palace, that man shall be killed,
and he who has received the stolen thing from his hand shall be put to death. (C. H. W. Johns)
It was created by the King and Chief Priest of Babylonia, Hammurabi ("Hammurabi's Code")
The Code was written on a black diorite rock that is 2.4 meters high ("Hammurabi's Code")
The stone was not found until 1901-1902 in ancient Elam (what is now Iraq), by French archaeologists ("Hammurabi's Code")
There are 282 laws included within the Code ("Hammurabi's Code")
The carving on the stone above the laws shows King Hammurabi being given the laws from the sun god who was associated with justice during this time period ("Hammurabi's Code") (Hannah)
Features of the Code (Continued)
Examples of Laws
Thank you for listening!
By: Hannah and Larsa
§ 282. If a slave has said to his master ‘Thou art not my master,’ as his slave one shall put him to account and his master shall cut off his ear. (C. H. W. Johns)
§ 139. If there was no dowry, he shall give her one mina of silver for a divorce. (C. H. W. Johns)
What's in the Code?
The 282 laws within the code are a record all of the legal decisions King Hammurabi made during his reign ("Code of Hammurabi")
His laws included how to handle economic arrangements (prices, tariffs and trade), family law (marriage and divorce), criminal law (assault and theft), and civil law (slavery and debt) ("Code of Hammurabi")
"Code of Hammurabi." Encyclopedia Britannica. Encyclopædia
Britannica, Inc.. Web. 8 Sep 2013.
C. H. W. Johns, M.A.. "The Oldest Code of Laws in the World, by
Hammurabi, King of Babylon."Gutenburg. Project Gutenburg, 25
Nov 2005. Web. 8 Sep 2013.
"Hammurabi's Code." Oracle ThinkQuest: Education Foundation.
ThinkQuest. Web. 8 Sep 2013.
The Code served the purpose of protecting all classes of Babylonian society ("Hammurabi's Code")
It outlines the legal procedures to be followed when handling specific situations falling under family, business, property and so on ("Hammurabi's Code")
As a result, those who committed crimes received suitable punishments, while those who acted peacefully and justly were praised during the King's reign ("Hammurabi's Code")
However, offenders who were punishable by death were tried by a panel of judges before their sentence was carried out (Gibson, Murphy, Jarman, and Grant 10-11)
The Code followed the principle: "An eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth" because it was believed that every crime should come along with a fitting punishment (Gibson, Murphy, Jarman, and Grant 10-11)
Gibson, Dwight L., Terry G. Murphy, Frederick E. Jarman, and Derek
Grant. All About Law. Fifth Edition. Nelson, 2003. 10-11. Print.