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The History of Printing Technologies
Transcript of The History of Printing Technologies
Used Metal Movable Type (thousands of the same letter cast from a single mold)
One page could be duplicated 240 times in an hour.
Centralized Languages and Religions.
Organized Social Systems.
Great Technological Advancements.
1400 Years Ago
Advanced Asian Cultures
The First Printed Image
Chauvet Cave - France
- Over 30,000 years old
- Same shape repeated
The Diamond Sutra
- A Buddhist sermon
- Seven block printed sections
- Total of 5 meters in length
- Dated 868 AD
The First Printed Book
Hand Copied Books
Alois Senefelder - 1790AD
New Methods Improve Time Tested Processes...
Wood Block Printing
Relief Image Carrier
Early Printed Page of Text and Images
Used as early as 590 AD (6th Century).
Text written on paper, then glued to a wooden “plate”.
“Negative space” removed to create a raised surface.
A new block carved for each page.
Bill Nigh - Wood Block Printing
Over 1/2 a Million People in 30,000+ US Companies.
Over 600 Billion Dollars in Sales per Year.
Nearly Every Other Industry Uses Printed Products
Products Used by Everyone:
Print media, packaging, instrument panels, catalogs, printed clothing, printed circuit boards, signs, instruction manuals…
What's the Big Deal?
Printing: An Important American Industry
So where is everybody?
Most companies employ fewer than 20 people.
Most printers serve local areas or small regions.
The industry uses everything from sophisticated computer workstations to three story printing presses the length of a football field .
Jobs require specialized training.
The Invisible Industry
The general public is often unaware of the printing technologies in use around them.
The first practical printing method...
Printing is not easy to define...
Gutenberg printed 180 copies of the bible in 3 years (1450-1453AD).
Just twenty years after the invention, over two hundred print shops existed in twelve countries.
By 1500AD, more than nine million books were printed.
Ideas from the Renaissance period spread rapidly, and changed peoples thinking and interests.
Impact of Mass Printing Technology
Gutenberg's Invention Changed the World
Methods for Image Reproduction
Gutenberg's Printed Page
The Day the Universe Changed
Most of waking time: Survival
No written language
No Culture (prehistoric)
Extremely isolated groups.
30,000 Years Ago
Hunting and Gathering...
600 Years Ago
Middle Ages in Europe
The "Black Death" (1328-1350 AD) creates a shift of wealth.
Development of Towns and Cities
Powerful Catholic Church
Trade routes are fully established to the Middle East and Asia.
First printing: 1436AD
Wooden and Clay Moveable Type
Bi Sheng - 1041AD
Handcrafted individual letters
Individual letters put together to form a single page.
Allowed for rapid reproduction of individual pages.
Martin Luther's 95 Thesis - 1517AD
Copernicus' "On the Revolution of Heavenly Spheres" - 1543AD
Galileo's "Starry Messenger" - 1610
Two Treatise of Government - 1688
200 Copies of the
Declaration of Independence
July 4, 1776
Intaglio - 1504AD
18th Century Book
250 Years Ago
Age of invention and innovation
Efforts to automate and speed up production
Scientific and technological journals provided anyone with information on the latest discoveries.
German playwright wishing to print large format posters.
Has a working knowledge of printing technologies.
Develops Stone Lithography
Works because Oil and Water do not mix.
Playing Cards - 1745AD
Methods of Graphic Reproduction
Businesses and industries involved in print production.