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The Flying Shuttle
Transcript of The Flying Shuttle
A normal shuttle in weaving is a tool that holds the thread, but it is passed by hand around the fabric, making it difficult to make larger pieces of fabric.
The Problem How did it affect peoples' lives? The shuttle itself came before the flying shuttle, and it allowed people to hold onto the thread or yarn while making fabrics. After the flying shuttle was a new invention called the Spinning Jenny, which holds onto eight spindles instead of just one, which allows spinners to work much faster. The inventor was attacked by factory workers who thought that his invention was going to take work away from them. Later versions of the Spinning Jenny held many more spindles, making the demand for cotton grow; however, cotton producers couldn't keep up, so Eli Whitney invented the Cotton Gin which took out the seeds from the cotton much more quickly than workers could by hand. Now the supply of cotton rose. Weavers used to have to be able to do a lot of hard work that took a long time to finish before the Flying Shuttle was invented. If the fabric was of a certain length, weavers would require a second person to assist them in the weaving which would take people away from working on other jobs. The Flying Shuttle solved this by having a wire that the shuttle could be thrown around the entire piece of fabric so that it didn't take two or more people to make one sheet of fabric. The shuttle itself was also increased in size and weight so that it could have the momentum to get around the fabric on the wire. It allowed people to make more sheets of fabric, and it prompted the development of powered spinning machines such as the Spinning Jenny. Instead of people having to hand a shuttle around a large sheet of fabric, they could just throw it along the wire back to themselves in just a fraction of the time. What inventions came before and after Positive/Negative affects of the Flying shuttle The Flying shuttle allowed the weavers to get more work done in a shorter amount of time, but many people were not happy with the new invention because often when the weavers were throwing the shuttles on the wire, the shuttle would break free and cause painful injuries such as lost eyes or bad bruises or broken fingers, as the flying shuttle was much heavier than the old wooden shuttle and was metal tipped to increase momentum. Work Cited Bellis, Mary. About.com Inventors, "Flying Shuttle." Accessed December 4, 2012. http://inventors.about.com/library/inventors/blflyingshuttle.htm.
Wikipedia, "Flying Shuttle." Last modified 2012. Accessed December 4, 2012. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flying_shuttle.
Wikipedia, "Shuttle (weaving)." Last modified 2012. Accessed December 4, 2012. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shuttle_(weaving).
Bellis, Mary. About.com Inventors, "Spinning Jenny." Accessed December 4, 2012. http://inventors.about.com/library/inventors/blspinningjenny.htm.