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Transcript of Renaissance Poetry
2 .Ere half my days in this dark world and wide,
3 .And that one talent which is death to hide
4. Lodg'd with me useless, though my soul more bent
5.To serve therewith my Maker, and present
6. My true account, lest he returning chide,
7. "Doth God exact day-labour, light denied?"
8. I fondly ask. But Patience, to prevent
9. That murmur, soon replies: "God doth not need
10. Either man's work or his own gifts: who best 11. Bear his mild yoke, they serve him best. His state
12. Is kingly; thousands at his bidding speed
13. And post o'er land and ocean without rest:
14. They also serve who only stand and wait."
Translation in Modern Terms
1. When I consider how my sight is spent
2. Living in the morning with this dark wide world
3. And this "talent" which is gone
4. Leaving me useless
5. To serve God and show
6. My accomplishments from being scolded
7. Has god made it so I have to work?
8. I "lovingly" ask, but "patience" to stop
9. That talk, soon response
10. God doesn't need work or talents
11. Controlled by God, will serve him best
12. God has many followers to do what he wants
13. Through land or sea without rest
14. They also serve individuals who stand and wait
Renaissance and Poetry
Cities grew and prospered during the Renaissance
Rulers learned to tax the people
Trade/Ideas grew between cities/states and other countries.
Started in Italy
-Perfect location between Western Europe and the Eastern shore of the Mediterranean
-Became important Trade/Commercial Centers
-Florence became a wealthy city
-Family fortunes made in Florence in banking and industry
-Became banking center of Italy during 14th century
Much of the Renaissance culture changed in 13th century Italy.
Philosophy, Science, Artists, Music, Architecture
For Literature and poetry was known as the Italian literary revolution
Literature and poetry now used Italian other than Latin, ,Greek ,French and Provencal.
Christianity stayed as a major influence for artist and authors
Science Individuals starts experimenting with the human body
Paintings/ sculptures started to show some non-religious themes
Different forms of music from singing from the papal choir in turn changed many native Italian composer.
Architecture reflected of Humanism shows the clarity of mind opposed to the dark and spirituality of the middle ages.
- The Renaissance era encompasses Western music history from 1400 to the beginning of the 1600’s.
- This period in time marked the rebirth of humanism, and the revival of cultural achievements for their own sake in all forms of art, including music.
- Artists and musicians produced works that displayed more artistic freedom and individualism
By: Terence, Anindya, Henry, Rafeh, Brandon, Angus
Other Authors and Text
Daniel, Samuel (1562-1619), poet--"Defence of Ryme."
Lodge, Thomas (1558?-1625), poet--"Rosalynde."
Shakespeare, William (1564-1616), dramatist, poet--"Sonnets."
Sidney, Sir Philip (1554-86), poet, novelist--"Astrophel and Stella"; Arcadia.
Skelton, John (1460?-1529), poet--"Colyn Clout."
Spenser, Edmund (1552?-99), poet--The Faerie Queene, "The Shepherds' Calendar."
Wyatt, Sir Thomas (1503-42), poet--"Certayne Psalmes."
When I Consider How My Light is Spent
By: John Milton
Summary and Annotation
By: John Donne
Summary and Annotation
1341- The first great humanist, Petrarch,
is named the poet laureate of Rome.
Many historians cite this as the start of
WHAT IS THE RENAISSANCE?
The Renaissance was the time period between the 1300s and 1600s of creativity and change in Europe and beyond. There were many political, social, economical, and cultural changes in society. The most important change was that of the people and how they saw themselves and the world. Many people showed interest in classical learning, especially the culture of the ancient Romans. They set out to change their own age. The Renaissance, as they felt, was a time of rebirth after the disorder and disasters of the medieval world.
1348-1350 The Black Death kills 200 million people. It was one of the most devastating pandemics in human history. Thought to have started in China or central Asia, traveled along the Silk Road and reached Europe. Reduced world's population from 450 million to 350-375 million in the 14 century.
1453 - The Ottoman Empire capture the city of Constantinople, signaling an end to the Byzantine Empire. Capital city of Ottoman Empire changed from Adrianople to Constantinople. Greek and non-Greek intellectuals fled the city before and after the siege, with the majority of them migrating particularly to Italy, which helped fuel the Renaissance.
1492 - Explorer Christopher Columbus discovers the Americas. Christopher Columbus was an Italian explorer, navigator, and colonizer, born in the Republic of Genoa, in what is today northwestern Italy.
1501- Michelangelo begins his work on the sculpture David. David is a masterpiece of Renaissance sculpture. It is a 5.17-meter marble statue of a standing male. The statue represents the Biblical hero David, a favoured subject in the art of Florence.
1503 - Leonardo da Vinci paints the Mona Lisa. The Mona Lisa is a half-length portrait of a woman by the Italian artist Leonardo da Vinci, which has been acclaimed as "the best known, the most visited, the most written about, the most sung about, the most parodied work of art in the world."
1558 - Elizabeth I becomes Queen of England. The image of Elizabeth's reign is one of triumph and success. Investing in expensive clothes and jewellery, she cultivated this image by touring the country in regional visits known as 'progresses'. Elizabeth made at least 25 progresses during her reign.
1599 - William Shakespeare builds the Globe Theater. He writes many of his great plays over the next few years including Hamlet and Macbeth. It was destroyed by fire in 1613. A second Globe Theater was built on the same site by June 1614 and closed in 1642. A modern reconstruction of the Globe, named "Shakespeare's Globe", opened in 1997 from the site of the original theater.
John Milton was an English poet born in 1608-1674.
This poem was written in the 1600's.
It is a sonnet.
John is showing the negative side of life
because he had become blind in 1652. However, he wrote his best pieces after he became blind.
John was writing about his concern about how he will be able to serve god while being blind.
1.MARK but this flea, and mark in this,
How little that which thou deniest me is ;
It suck'd me first, and now sucks thee,
And in this flea our two bloods mingled be.
Thou know'st that this cannot be said
A sin, nor shame, nor loss of maidenhead ;
Yet this enjoys before it woo,
And pamper'd swells with one blood made of two ;
And this, alas ! is more than we would do.
2.O stay, three lives in one flea spare,
Where we almost, yea, more than married are.
This flea is you and I, and this
Our marriage bed, and marriage temple is.
Though parents grudge, and you, we're met,
And cloister'd in these living walls of jet.
Though use make you apt to kill me,
Let not to that self-murder added be,
And sacrilege, three sins in killing three.
3.Cruel and sudden, hast thou since
Purpled thy nail in blood of innocence?
Wherein could this flea guilty be,
Except in that drop which it suck'd from thee?
Yet thou triumph'st, and say'st that thou
Find'st not thyself nor me the weaker now.
'Tis true ; then learn how false fears be ;
Just so much honour, when thou yield'st to me,
Will waste, as this flea's death took life from thee.
Translation in Modern Terms
1.Look at this flea and look into this. Why would you deny me of what I want. The flea has sucked me and now you. In this flea our bloods mix. I know that this can not be said. This isn't a sin or bearing shame or lost of virginity. The flea gets to enjoy "more" than me. As he gets bigger with more blood. This is more than what we would do.
2. Stop, don't kill the flea. This represents our marriage. This flea is us as newlyweds. It's like a temple that declares our marriage. Even though your parents and you may not be thrilled. The flea's body is just like a church. Even though your habits will lead to kill me. If you kill the flea you will commit three sins: murder, suicide and sacrilege.
3. You killed it! Why would you do such a thing? Why would you kill something with blood of innocence? How could the flea be guilty? It only took a drop of your blood. I killed the flea and am triumphed. I don't find myself being any weaker now. It's true that this was false. As you killed the flea you feel no less powerless. No honor is lost when killing the flea. So sleeping with me won't change anything.
John was and English poet, satirist and lawyer. Born in 1572-1631.
This poem has rhyming couplets in iambic meter.This poem used to display his comedic side with a woman he "loves". He sees a flea swapping blood between the couple and asks to swap "fluids" in bed.
•owned much of the land
•lived on large estates
•behaved according to the rules of chivalry
•distained the merchants
•gained wealth in industries (wool, processing, boat making, & banking)
•sought to protect their wealth by controlling the government & marrying into noble families.
•no job protection
•very dependent on employers
The period of European history at the close of the Middle Ages and the rise of the Modern world.
Bridges the art period during the fifteenth century
"Treating a painting as a window into space"
Perspective was formalized as an artistic technique
Studying light, shadow, and famously in the case of Leonardo da Vinci, human anatomy
Depict the beauty of nature
Trend towards realism in the arts
Characteristics of Renaissance Art:
1. Influenced by the artistic achievements of Classical Greece
and Rome. Particularly in sculpture and architecture---
Renaissance artists often imitated classical works.
Characteristics of Renaissance Art:
2. Renaissance painting emphasized
realism, attention to detail, and a
desire for perfection.
3. Early Renaissance
painters dealt with
religious themes but
with a lifelike
Characteristics of Renaissance Art
4. In Addition: they also depicted worldly subjects, landscapes, portraits, and
scenes of everyday life.
The Renaissance was a time of intense, all-encompassing distinctive philosophical activity.
It was often assumed that God had given a single unified truth to humanity and that the works of ancient philosophers had preserved part of this original deposit of divine wisdom.
The renewed study of Neoplatonism, Stoicism, Epicureanism, and Skepticism eroded faith in the universal truth of Aristotelian philosophy and widened the philosophical horizon, providing a rich seedbed from which modern science and modern philosophy gradually emerged.
Ethics and Other Aspects
Aristotle's ethical theory reflects his metaphysics. Following Plato, he argued that the goodness or virtue of a thing lay in the realization of its specific nature. Rationality is exercised through the practice of two kinds of virtue, moral and intellectual. Aristotle emphasized the traditional Greek notion of moral virtue as the mean between extremes. Well-being is the pursuit not of pleasure but rather of the Good.
The discovery of perspective
The Discovery and translation of Plato's works.
The Copernican revolution.
The invention of the telescope, which Galileo used to show that the Moon had mountains and craters and that Jupiter had moons.
The "discovery" of the New World.
The discovery of a route around Africa to India.
The Spanish Inquisition and the expulsion of the Jews and Muslims from Spain.
Vast new building projects in Rome like St. Peter's Cathedral and the Sistine Chapel.
The concept of international law began.
- It began as an era defined by an Italian writer in the 16 century, who applied it only to Italian painters and sculptors
- During the Renaissance small Italian republics developed into despotism as the centers of power moved from the landed estates to the cities
- there were five major city-states in Italy: the combined state of Naples and Sicily, the Papal State, Florence, Milan, and Venice
-After the death of Frederick II in 1250, emperors lost power in Italy and throughout Europe
Chapman, George (1559?-1634), poet, dramatist, translated classics like Homer's Iliad and Odyssey
Coverdale, Miles (1488?-1569), translator--Bible.
Tyndale, William (1492?-1536), translator, tract writer--New Testament (trans.).
Bacon, Sir Francis (1561-1626), philosopher, essayist--New Atlantis; 'The Advancement of Learning," Essays.
Lyly, John (1554?-1606), novelist, dramatist--"Euphues: the Anatomy of Wit"; "Euphues and His England."
More, Sir Thomas (1478-1535), prose writer--Utopia.
Sidney, Sir Philip (1554-86), poet, novelist--'Astrophel and Stella'; Arcadia.
- The renaissance is a time when the Roman Catholic Church had a lot of power and authority. - Because of the powerful church, it was very hard for scientists to prove anything regarding the universe and beyond.
- To prove just how hard it was for scientists back then to prove something in the language, here is an example: Galileo was very interested in astronomy, so he used the first telescope to ever be made to observe the stars and started recording observations and the math behind it in a book.
- When he had published the book, it lead to a huge number of protests and Galileo confessed that he had gone too far and was sentenced to life long imprisonment. But this did not stop scientists from defining the ultimate question, “Why are things what it is?”
- Another discovery by Galileo is the falling speed of heavy and light objects. He had hypothesized that the heavier object will fall to the ground first.
- Then he had made this experiment by dropping two objects, one heavier than the other from the tower of Pisa and found out that they both fell at generally the same speed.
- Scientific discoveries during the renaissance were mostly composed of astronomic discoveries.
- All of the astronomic discoveries were based on the geocentric model. The geocentric model is the model of the universe as it is today except, the earth is in the middle instead of the sun and all the other planets and the sun orbited the Earth.
- This model failed to define the retrograde motion.
- The retrograde motion is a movement pattern in the sky that looked as if the planets’ circular motion sometimes reversed itself in the night sky.
- To explain this, Nicolaus Copernicus came up with the idea of the heliocentric model of the Solar system. But no one believed his discoveries until much later on.
Leonardo da Vinci
Rome was the powerhouse in Renaissance politics, simply because the Pope had resided in Rome
Depending on the state or area the autonomy of cities differed
Holy Roman Empire towns had a high degree of independence
There was little autonomy in those towns
"New Monarchies" had resulted in Western parts of Europe, most noteworthy Spain, France and England.
Power and authority was rested well in the hands of the King, who had all the power and no power remained in the hands of representatives
Royal courts were established and the bureaucracy consisted of middle class folk rather than nobles.
5 major cities-states: Florence, Venice, Milan, Papal States and Naples that were constantly at war with each other
Condottieri were contractors or mercenary soldiers that were hired by Italian city-states to fight in wars
Venice was well known for its large navy and Milan who traded with countries in Northern Europe became very rich as a result.
Oligarchies were many head families that consisted of patriachs and were in charge of republics, like Republic of Florence or Republic of Venice and dominate in political, economical and cultural backgrounds in the city-state they ruled in
The Medici family (1434) were an influential Florentine family that mostly ruled banking. Enabling the city of Florence, the heart of the Renaissance to become politically powerful through banking
Giovanni Bicci de' Medici and his son Cosimo de' Medici established the Medici Banking Company, which the two later became the richest men in Europe during the Renaissance. Cosimo's grandson Lorenzo the Magnificent further increased the power of the Medici family and established a connect with his family and the Pope.
The Downfall of Italy began in 1453 when
More power was put into the hands of NW Europe (Flanders)
1494: King Charles VIII of France had invaded Italy
1527: Rome was taken over by Emperor Charles V, resulting in the end of the Italian Renaissance
Cosimo de' Medici