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Nepal Mind Map

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Fatima Harji

on 16 October 2014

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Transcript of Nepal Mind Map

Cultural Mind Map: Nepal
Nepal is located in South Asia between China in the north and India in the south, east and west.
What is the geography and climate like?
land area: 147,181 square kilometers
Himalayan Region, Mid-Hill Region and Teraj Region
Highest point: Mount Everest (8848m)
North: winters are severe and summers are cool
• South: winters are mild and summers are subtropical
• The Himalayas act as a barrier for cold winds from Central Asia
• Low plains, wetlands, mountainous areas, grasslands and shrub lands
How does Courtship and Marriage take place?

What forms of Art Exist?
What are values of the Culture?
What scientific knowledge and technical skills exist?

By: Fatima Harji and Bonnie Jang

What is the dominant political structure?
Religion in Nepal:

• Previously a constitutional monarchy (Caused disunity)
• Currently a multi-party democracy
•fourteen zones and seventy-five districts
• Local and district level administrators abide policies of national ministers
• Polices: House of Representatives and the National Council
• The executive branch of government: King and Prime Minister
• The executive branch contains the Cabinet selected by the King

What is the structure and purpose of the family?
Continuation: Nepal
How does child rearing and education take place?
• Arranged marriages are the norm in the mainstream culture
• Social bonds are formed between families
• The minimum legal age for marriage in Nepal is 21 for men and 18 for women
• Family connections are vital to access political influence and economic opportunities
• Marriage alliances expand networks and strengthen social ties

• Science and technology are very back in Nepal
• Nepal is dependent on neighboring countries for technical support
• Agriculture is a primary industry; technological equipment such as biotechnology for crop growth/production and tractors
• The Ministry of Science and Technology and institutions have evolved over decades to provide higher education in this field; poverty has resulted in a lack of interest

•Nepal is a secular state
• Two main religions are Hinduism and Buddhism
• Hinduism and Buddhism similar thus dress, decorative jewelery influenced by religion
• Nepal is primarily a Hindu country
• 90% of the population acclaim to be Hindu
Hinduism, Buddhism, Islam, Yumasim and Christianity are common religions found in Nepal
• About 82% of people are Hindi, 9% are Buddhists, 4% are Muslims and 2% Christians
• In 1990, declared a Hindu State due to population
Many Hindus worship at Buddhists temples and vice versa
• Buddhism is common among Newar and Libeto-Nepalease groups

• Gents and ladies socialize separately both before and after marriage
• Women of the highest castes: public mobility constrained
• Women of lower castes: play a larger wage-earning role, have greater mobility
• A customary greeting is to press one’s palm together in front of the chest
• Public affection between those of the same gender common
• Insulting or violence not accepted
• Hospitality is essential
• Use your right hand to eat and deal with food
• Left-hand to wash
• Beef is prohibited among both the Hindus and Buddhists
• No female animal is killed for food
• Never step over anyone

• greatly influenced by the religious beliefs
• Nepal’s art has been changed slightly due to the influence of western cultures
• Earliest example of painting is manuscript illustration found on palm leaves
• Wooden covers were made to protect the manuscript artwork
• Wooden cover often made the art work more rich and artistic
• Illustrations of gods, goddess, people worshiping in a temple, etc
• Thangka paintings
• Religious paintings for the followers to worship their gods
• Religious symbols and magic forces are in artwork

What games and sports exist?
"• Many festive games as their sports
• Popular sports are Horse Riding, Race, Mountain Horse Polo, Bull Race, Sheep Fighting, and Archery
• Football is the most popular sport in Nepal, followed by cricket and volleyball


How is leisure time spent?
Economy of Nepal
What kind of technology is used to provide goods and services?
• Advanced technology is not found •
• Top profitable services include agriculture, carpets/garments and tourism
• Tourism: export commodity
• Tourism : service positions such as trekking guides and porters
• gold, machinery and equipment, petroleum products and fertilizers are imported

Who participates in the local economy?
How are goods and services exchanged?

What form of property exists and is considered important?
How does environment affect culture?
• Weather affect the attire worn
• Many vegetarian dependent on fruit, vegetables and grains (agriculture)
• Climb mountains to pray and meditate (landscape is a large factor)
• Climate change: greenhouse gases, rainfall, flooding, soil erosion and contaminated river beds

Homes made of stone/mud cannot survive
• Heavy rains prevent praying on mountain tops
• climate change is making it harder to practice rituals
Who are the Leaders?
• The President (Head of State): Dr. Ram Baran Yadav
• The Vice President: by Parmanand Jha
• The head of government (Prime Minister): Sushil Koirala
• The executive power is exercised by the Prime Minister and his cabinet
• Chairman of Constituent Assembly: Subhas Nemwang
• Chief Secretary: Leela Mani Paudel

How are Laws Made?
• The Nepal government has three branches of government
• Executive, Legislative and Judicial Branch
• The executive branch: enforcing the laws
• The legislative branch: the law making body of the government
• The judicial branch: court decisions which advocate the meaning of laws

• Local citizens
• 70% work for agricultural industry
• Farmers produce rice, maize, millet, barley, wheat and vegetables
• Many households maintain chickens
Local jobs: trekking guides and porters

• Surrounded by China and India, thus prior trading partners
• Transportation limited due to terrain
• transported by porters or pack animals
• The roadways are not maintained
• Railroads used in southern flatlands
• Treaty of Trade and Transit,

• The lowland Terai region is a high surplus for agriculture
• Small family-owned shops and stalls of sidewalk vendors
• At low altitudes: agriculture
• Higher altitudes: tourism in terms of hiking and canoeing

• Nepal is a patriarchal society
• Women are expected to raise children and take control of house duties
• Elder family members: arranging marriages
• Children: respect elders perform chores, they must obey rules
• Homes are generally open to extended family members
• Gents and ladies socialize separately both before and after marriage
• Fathers generally obtain land to be passed down to each son
• Daughters do not inherit paternal property

• Mothers are generally the primary provider of child care
• Children cared for by older siblings, cousins and grandparents
Adults speak to children using more familiar language
• Authority in households depends on seniority
• Children from a young age are expected to contribute labour to the household
• The law ensures both males and females are educated
• If families to provide schooling only males are sent
• Educating males are a wise investment
• Child’s development marked: big occasions
• Females: reach puberty

• sculptures to show devotion to their gods
• The Lichchhavi period (5-8 CE) was the Golden Age of Nepalese sculpture
• Made with stone, copper, bronze, and they sometimes used wood
• Extremely detailed

Architecture and purpose of art

• Nepal has one of the most beautiful architecture in the world
• Detailed and significant design for religious temples
• Strong relations between the religion of Nepal and the art of Nepal

What is the purpose and importance of art?
• Representation of Nepalese’s devotion to their religion
• To enjoy art

• Religious activities
• Visiting their religious places; temple, shrine
• Spending time on meditating, worshiping and praying to their Gods.
• Hiking Himalayas
• 80% of Nepalese are Hindus
• Boating or swimming in the lake city of Pokhara

Material Goods
• Cereal based food
• Much of the cuisine is variation on Asian themes
• Sel roti and patreare are eaten during festivals such as Tihar.
• Taas, similar to shish kebab.
• A typical Nepalese meal is Dal bhat
• Dal is a spicy lentil soup, served over bhat (boiled rice), served with tarkari (curried vegetables)
• achar(pickles) or chutni
• non-alcoholic beverages

• Most of the population live in a rural area
• Houses in rural area are mostly built with stone or mud bricks
• Well-constructed houses are built with stone and timber
• Housing shortage in the urban have resulted in squatter villages and slum areas

• Knee-length sleeved shirts that ties closed at the side called Docha are typically worn by men
• Magar Women: dark coloured sari with a bright yellow or blue cotton cloth wrapped around the waist (patuka)
• Tamang women: wear tamang lungi, tamang jewellery, tamang patuka, tamang ghalek.
• Tightfitting trousers known as suruwā. (men)
• Women wear black cotton saris with a red border known as hāku patāsi


• Aviation is uprising (47 airports, 11 have paved runways)
• Mountainous terrain have made it difficult to build roads
• Railways linking between China and India are highly used for transportation
Large vehicles able to carry high occupancies

• Most industries are fairly small (local)
• Deals with agriculture; sugar, meat processing, rice, oil mills
• Other industries; cigarette, brick and tile manufacture
• More private businesses than public sectors
• cottage industries
• Tourism; hotels, food supplies, transportation, etcl
• Agriculture, garment and carpet industries are primary industries in Nepal

Language linguistics based from four different groups
Nepali (44.6%), Maithili (11.7%), Bhojpuri (6.0%), Tharu (5.8%), Tamang (5.1%)
Nepali derived Sanskrit
Nepali has roots in Sanskrit and written in Devanagari script
123 languages are spoken In Nepal
Greeting: join palms together, bring it few inches below the chin facing upward.
Yes: shake head from side to side
No: nod head up and down (opposite from Canadians)
Using inappropriate language is not very common even with close friends
Very common to see same sex holding hands and walking (friendship)
The concept of friendship is very strong

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