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Islam Vocab

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by

Connor Dukes

on 8 October 2013

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Transcript of Islam Vocab

Islam Vocab
Oasis
Wet, fertile area in the desert
Has water
Arabian Peninsula
mostly hot dry desert
southwest corner of Asia
intersection of Europe, Asia, and Africa

Nomads
lived in tents
tribes
moving from place to place
used camel
herders
traveled across arabia
Sedentary
settled in towns
most people were sedentary
lived in houses
Islam
means to submit to god
holy book Quran
founded by muhammed
Kaaba
• A very important shrine
• People on pilgrimage came there every year

• Journey
• Sacred place

Muslim
• Follower of islam
Qur’an
• Holy book of islam
Mosque
• Building for muslim prayer
• Muhammed’s house first mosque

Jihad
• To take effort
• To struggle
• Refers to inner struggle
• Struggle to defend muslim
comunnity

Sunnah
• Refers to way muhammed lived
• Provides a model for the duties
• Way of life expected of muslims

Caliph
• Title muslims use for highest leader of islam
• Means successor in Arabic

Sultan
Sunni
• Didn’t think caliphs had to be related to muhammad
• Had to be good muslims
• Strong leaders
• Over time religious differences developed between two groups

ottoman ruler
Shrine
• Place where people worship saint or god
• Kaaba important shrine

Shariah
• Islamic law
Souk
• Market
• bazaar

Judaism

• monotheistic
• believe that Jesus is not the son of god
• Torah
• Began in southwest Asia

Christianity
• Bible
• Began in southwest Asia
• Monotheistic
• Believe that Jesus is the son of God

Kaaba
• A very important shrine
• People on pilgrimage came there every year

Al-Jabr
• Algebra
shah
king
Persian

Muhammad
founder of islam
born in 570
died in 630
Berbers
• Native people of North Africa
• Converted to Islam

Abu Bakr
first caliph
ruled muslim world after Muhammad.
Akbar
Mughal emperor
conquered new lands
worked to make goverment stronger
began religous policy
Abbasid
new dynasty
came to power in 750
reconized government
Ibn Battutah
muslim traveler
writer
fatimah
Muhammads daughter
holds place of honor in islamic religion
Mehmed
Ottoman sultan
defeated byzantine empire in 1453
Umayyads
member of muslim dynasty
ruled caliphate 661-750
arabic kingdom
monachry
Hussein
grandson of muhammad
carrier of hopes of the shia muslim branch
Ottoman
turk
one of first coverts of muhammads
sikh
member of monotheistic religion
Suleyman
lawgiver
caliph of islam
sultan of ottoman empire
Custodian of the two holy mosques
The diverse set of religous beliefs
Safavid
one of most significant ruling dynasties of iran
considered the beginning of persian history
Mughals
Muslim dynasty of turkic
mongol
Mecca
Capital of saudi Arabia
direction which muslims pray
Medina
a city in W saudi Arabia
second holiest city of islam
Jerusalem
City between the Mediterranean and dead sea
Damascus
also known as iran
built by the emperor shah jahan
located in india
memorial of his 3rd wife
ancient empire located in sw w asia
conquered by alexander the great
Constantinople
city in spain
capital of spain under moorish rule
capital of byzantine
used to be named istanbul
Baghdad
city in and capital of iraq
Damascus
center of large metropolitan area
located in southwest siria
capital of siria
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