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Hitler's Rise to Power
Transcript of Hitler's Rise to Power
30th January 1933
By July 1932 the Nazi's were the largest party in the Reichstag with 230 seats.
Hitler was growing in popularity and had given Hindenburg a good race in the presidential elections of the same year.
Hindenburg had made Von Papen chancellor instead of Hitler. He did not have the support of the army and stepped down.
Von Schleicher was appointed his successor in December 1932 but he resigned after only 8 weeks.
The Road to Chancellor
Hindenburg and Von Papen thought they could control Hitler!!
Hitler appointed Chancellor on 30th January 1933
In September 1928, the Nazi’s gained 12 seats. By the election in March 1933, the Nazis won 288 seats. Despite imprisoning many Socialists and Communists and having all the advantages of media control, the Nazis did not win a majority.
A coalition was formed with the National Party, ensuring a majority in the Reichstag.
Hitler is disappointed – he needed two-thirds of the seats in order to change the constitution.
March 1933 Election
HEADING – REICHSTAG FIRE 27TH FEBRUARY 1933
1. Read pages 31 and 32 and Complete questions 1,2,3,4,6 &7 on page 32
2. Create a newspaper front page of the events of the Reichstag fire.
Using the information on page 30, Complete questions 1-5.
The Nazi's Rise to Power
How did he get there?
WHY AND WHO?!?
Using the statements in your green booklet copy and complete the table on who voted for Hitler...
WHY DID PEOPLE VOTE FOR HITLER?
President Hindenburg was a war hero twice elected as president but by 1932 he was an old man who was not always thinking. He did not like Hitler and saw Hitler as a threat to democracy.
COLLECT A HANDOUT OF THE ELECTION RESULTS AND STICK IT INTO YOUR JOTTER. TURN TO PAGE 29 IN YOUR GREEN TEXTBOOKS AND ANSWER THE FOLLOWING 6 QUESTIONS IN FULL SENTENCES UNDERNEATH YOUR PICTURE
8 marker Homework
Although Hitler had become Chancellor on the 30th January 1933, his power was limited. Only three out of eleven government ministers were Nazis. The Nazi Party had less than half the seats in the Reichstag. As Hindenburg had made Hitler Chancellor, he could sack him if he failed to govern effectively. Hitler therefore looked for ways of increasing his power.
However, by March 1933, Hitler was well on his way to becoming dictator of Germany. A mysterious fire in the Reichstag building had much to do with the increase in Hitler's power.
Although November 1918 meant the end of the war, I recall no sense of joy. There was only confusion as men returned from the Front. On Saturday the papers announced the Kaiser’s abdication. On Sunday, I heard shots fired in the streets of Berlin. During the whole war I hadn’t heard a single shot, yet now the war was over they began shooting. I felt uneasy. On November 11th, I saw the newspaper headline “Armistice Signed”. I turned to stone. I felt my whole world had collapsed.
Source B describes the effects of the end of the First World War on Germany.
In November 1918, when the Kaiser fled to Holland, German soldiers retreated in disarray. They were in a state of shock. The streets were full of lorries with sailors, soldiers and workers brandishing red flags. There was fighting and gunfire in the streets around my home. Families kept close together, often afraid to venture out in fear of stray bullets.
Source A is from the memories of Sebastian Haffner published in 2002.
Compare Sources A and B about the effects of the end of the First World War on Germany?
COLLECT A COPY OF THE NAZI 25 POINT PLAN. HIGHLIGHT THE TOP 5 PROMISES THAT GERMAN PEOPLE WOULD WANT TO HEAR. ONCE YOU HAVE DONE THIS STICK IT INTO YOUR JOTTER.
Read page 26 and answer the questions throughout.
APPEAL OF THE NAZIS PPT
HISTORY FILE: HITLER'S RISE TO POWER