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The Id, Ego, Superego and Sigmund Freud

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Daniel Ho

on 20 May 2014

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Transcript of The Id, Ego, Superego and Sigmund Freud

The Id, Ego, Superego and Sigmund Freud
With Daniel Ho
What are the main topics of Daniel's project?
In this presentation I will answer the following:
Who is Sigmund Freud?
What sort of things was Sigmund Freud known for?
What is the id?
What is the ego?
What is the superego?
How do you know which affects you the most?
How has Freud's work affected the past and present? How will it affect the future?
Sigmund Freud
Sigmund Freud was a psychologist who revolutionized the way people perceived personality and psychology as a whole.
He was responsible for the founding of psychoanalysis, which consists of analyzing the way people act to understand their motives, and logic.
Although his major founding was psychoanalysis, he is also responsible for ideas such as dream analysis, the concept of defense mechanisms, the psychosexual cycle, and the famous "Freudian Slip".

Freudian Slip
A "Freudian Slip" is an error in speech or action that, Freud believed, was supposed to mean something more than its simple existence as a simple error.
Here is an example:
Freudian Slip (continued)
In the clip, Ross, the groom, said the wrong name during the wedding. Rachel was actually Ross's ex-girlfriend prior to Emily, the bride.
Freud believed that errors like these represented something more than an error. Freud would interpret this as Ross still being in love with Rachel and not at all loving Emily.
Some believe these errors are supposed to express the most "sober thoughts" and others don't.
There has not been an experiment to disprove it, but there is also no factual evidence that it is reliable either. In Friends's case, Ross's mistake was, in fact, a sign that he was still in love with Rachel.
Dream Analysis
Dream analysis, just as it sounds, is the process of a therapist or psychologist analyzing a patients dreams to see into their subconscious.
The subconscious is practically the area of your mind that you can't control. While look through these dreams, doctors can "cure" patients permanently.
Although dream analysis is extremely effective, it can take weeks, months, or even years to actually take effect.
The main idea of psychoanalysis is that human personality is made of three components. These three components are the id, ego, and superego.
Everything that you do, think, and say are dependent on these three components.
The Id
The id is the component of personality that is entirely unconscious and present from birth. It is supposed to develop during childhood.
It is driven by the pleasure principle and strives for immediate gratification. It is basically the component of personality that "wants".
For example, if someone is tired, they will want to sleep.
Because people cannot and do not always sleep when they want to, there must be something controlling the id.
The Ego
The ego is the part of the component that tries to fulfill the id in the most realistic and socially acceptable way possible. It exists in the conscious and unconscious.
For example, Daniel wants to sleep right now but he needs to work on his presentation. The id tells him to not care about the consequences and sleep, but the ego tells him he can't sleep. Not doing the presentation is unacceptable.
But how does the ego know what is right and what is wrong?
The Superego
The superego is the part of the personality that is sort of a rule book. It tells the ego what is and is not acceptable. This part is entirely conscious.
For example, Daniel cannot sleep because he has to do his presentation. This is the ego, controlling the id. The superego controls the ego by telling the ego that the presentation is worth 200 points and that not doing it would destroy his grade.
The superego can develop through the influence of many things (friends, family, media, school etc.).
Survey Question: Id, Ego, Superego 1
68.62% of the people who took the survey have more control over their ids. They are more represented by their superegos.
Question: Id, Ego, Superego 2
Although this question's results are a bit less polar than question 1, it has about the same message. There are more people (about 58.92%) who would not take the phone, and are represented by their superego.
Question: Id, Ego, Superego 3
These results were extremely close. People who said no were conscious about how society felt about them and thus they were the superegos. Those who said yes were willing to do whatever they wanted, and thus are the ids. There seems to be more ids.
Question: Id, Ego, Superego 4
I included this question because I thought I would get more serious, and accurate results. People, I don't think, would put as much thought into their answer as it isn't as a big deal as killing someone. I was right, and almost 80% of the people were superegos.
Question: Id, Ego, Superego 5
I do not understand this data at all. I was thinking most people have sat next to someone who didn't smell very good before and didn't say a word. I was sure at least 90% of people would say "Survive for 4 hours" and be superegos.
Question: Freudian Slip
This was the exact data that I wanted. There should be no answer of whether or not the "Freudian Slip" was a thing. The results showed almost 50/50 and I'm happy that this was the way it turned out.
Question: Superego
I expected family to have the most votes with school and friends relatively even. I did not expect media to get any votes and honestly I think people trolled and put media.
Question: Id
I didn't agree with what my sources telling me, which was that the id developed in your childhood. I feel like many teenagers, especially in high school are easily inspired and have their ids easily shaped.
Question: Dream Analysis
I felt the same as the majority so that's why I made this question. I learned that dream analysis is extremely successful but I feel like my dreams are too random to actually mean anything.
The Psychosexual Stages
In order for a "healthy" personality to develop. a child must be exposed to all five sexual stages.
The five stages include the oral stage, anal stage, phallic stage, the latent stage, and the genital stage.
The oral stage focuses on feeding. Because it is the responsibility of the parent to feed the child, the child develops love and trust for the parent.
The anal stage focuses on toilet training. If children can go to the bathroom by themselves, they need to be rewarded in the correct way and time so that they learn to be independent.
The phallic stage is when the child begins to recognize the differences between boys and girls.
The latent stage is the stage at which the children begin to use their energy toward hobbies and communications. This builds confidence and allows them to become social.
The genital stage, which occurs from puberty to death, is when people begin to have sexual desire and are able to comprehend the concept of love.
Defense Mechanisms
When the body cannot satisfy the id, it accumulates stress. In response to stress the mind creates certain defense mechanisms.
The concept of defense mechanisms was created by Freud.
These include denial, projection, or displacement.
Many people, including his daughter, Anna Freud, added more to this list.
Question: Defense Mechanisms
Most people chose the healthiest response. Realizing that there was no other option is (more than the others) coming to peace with your past. The other choices are very unhealthy.
Past, Present, Future (1 more slide left!)
In the past, people were able to diagnose patients a lot more easily with the understanding of personality (especially with the id), defense mechanisms, and dream analysis.
Presently, people are beginning to doubt some of Freud's work. Methods such as dream analysis, defense mechanisms and psychoanalysis are still used today but less. Others, such as his psychosexual cycle, are rejected entirely.
Sadly, I doubt Freud's teachings have a future. Although psychoanalysis is okay, in our generation that strives for speed, his methods, like dream analysis, take way too long. It is easier for therapists to prescribe drugs for temporary satisfaction, rather than actually understanding their patients.
For the open note test...
1.) Presenter Name: Daniel Ho
Subject: Id, Ego, Superego and Sigmund Freud

2.) One fact involving history: Sigmund found that personality has three components. These are the id, ego, and superego.

3.) One positive impact in present: Dream analysis is still used today. It is seen as one of the most effective ways to treat patients permanently.

4.) One fact involving future prediction: It is unlikely Freud's teachings and methods will be taught in the future. Some of it is irrelevant and others are too complex and long to do.

Most people are superegos.
"Freudian Slip" may or may not be a thing.
"Family is the strongest influence on people.
Most people result to healthier defense mechanisms.

Full transcript