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The Greek Alphabet

Typography

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Transcript of The Greek Alphabet

History and Usage The Greek Alphabet Greek letters are used as abbreviations in math
They were introduced into math to provide symbols to supplement Roman letters.
Greek letters seem foreign and strange to us
When they were introduced, scholars had been taught Greek so it did not seem as strange to them
The Greek symbols stand for numbers, sets, functions, and spaces
A fraternity used to be a Greek organization only for men, though now they can be used as a co-ed organization as well
Sororities still serve as exclusive Greek organizations for women
The Fraternities’ and Sororities’ members or “Greeks” live together in a house on campus to promote a sister/brotherhood sense
The houses that they reside in together are called Chapter Houses, which are a division from the Greek Society
For example, the Phi Kappa Theta ( ) society has a chapter at the University of Florida called Florida Omega Alpha ( )
The Greek Societies are very organized and have certain rules and traditions that have to be upheld in order to become and remain a member Greek Fraternities & Sororities Then vs. Now In the Movies There are Greek letters featured in the poster for My Big Fat Greek Wedding
These letters are called sigma's; they translate to an 'S', so the poster actually reads as "My Big Fat Grssk Wedding"
Greek letters have also been referenced in the following movies:
"The Effects of Gamma Rays on Man-in-the-Moon Marigolds" (1972) - Uses 'gamma' in the title
"Revenge of the Nerds" (1984) - In the movies, there is a fraternity named 'Lambda Lambda Lambda'
Actress Catherine Zeta-Jones, from "American Sweethearts" and "The Mask of Zorro", has Zeta in her name Greek letters are often used in math and science.
π or pi (3.14159...)
Ω or omega (resistance in ohms)
Greek letters are also used to name bright stars in a constellation
Alpha Centauri (star) Common Uses http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20080907214211AAApo0u
http://electricka.com/etaf/muses/languagearts/words/alphabets_feature/alphabets_list/greek/about_greek_alphabet.htm
http://greece.mrdonn.org/alphabet.html
http://greekfood.about.com/od/glossary/a/alphabet.htm
http://thestarman.pcministry.com/math/pi/pifacts.html#SYMBOL
http://www.1728.org/greek.htm
http://www.brighthubeducation.com/history-homework-help/21831-where-did-the-greek-alphabet-come-from/
http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/244456/Greek-alphabet
http://www.clemson.edu/ces/crb/procedures/the%20greek%20alphabet.htm
http://www.funtrivia.com/en/subtopics/The-Greek-Alphabet-Goes-to-the-Movies-197258.html
http://www.greeks.appstate.edu
http://www.greeks.psu.edu
http://www.ibiblio.org/koine/greek/lessons/alphabet.html
http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0259446/
http://www.pathguy.com/alphabet.htm
http://www.topuniversities.com
http://www.radio-electronics.com/info/formulae/letters-and-symbols/greek-alphabet-letters-uses.php Resources The first fraternity was shrouded in secrecy starting in 1776; the inner workings of the first fraternity Phi Beta Kappa ( ) weren’t disclosed until 1831
To this day, colleges and Universities in North America still use the Greek Alphabet to name fraternities and sororities
Some fraternities exist in the Philippines and in some European countries but remains a dominantly a North American Institute Circumference = Pi x Diameter
C = π x d C d Other uses:
or lambda - wavelengths
or sigma - sum What is it? Origin The idea of an alphabet was a not Greek invention
The Greeks borrowed their alphabet from the Phoenicians
They realized how useful a written language could become to them as well
The Greeks altered this alphabet to fit their own culture
Included vowels in their alphabet
Wrote down all their fables, myths, and legends
Then wrote personal letters, business contacts, reports, stories, and plays
Their alphabet truly changed the way they lived The Greek alphabet has been the inspiration for the creation of many other alphabets, including the Latin alphabet.
The creation of these alphabets has greatly influenced the creation and use of Typography
Without the Greek alphabet, Typography may not have existed today! The Greek Alphabet & Typography Uses The most common example of Greek letters in math is pi
Another example is the Greek capital letter sigma Σ to represent a sum
Delta δ is used in Calculus to represent very tiny changes
Math formulas often make use of letters from the Greek alphabet
In Trigonometry, Greek letters are used to represent angles.
The most common are the small letters alpha, beta and theta α alpha
β beta
θ theta Over 2500 years old and still used today
The word “alphabet” itself comes from the first two letters (Alpha and Beta)
Has 24 letters, some of which represent sounds that are not part of the English language
To create sounds these sounds, two letters are combined. For example:
the hard d sound is made using "nt," and
the b sound is created by putting together "m" and "p"
The Greeks pronounce their letters and words differently from us
Most of their words have an accent mark which is tonal
We say the accented syllables louder instead of changing the pitch of our voice
Words are pronounced the way they are written
There are no silent letters
Every letter is pronounced
Full transcript