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Foundation of Asian Civilization: Cultural Evolution

A report of Group 1: Social Studies
by

Jasmine Mendoza

on 28 August 2014

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Transcript of Foundation of Asian Civilization: Cultural Evolution

Development of Civilizations
Neolithic Revolution became the basis of modern civilization

People began to build villages and implement rules and regulations
What is Civilization?
Civilization
is the advanced form of
culture.
Quiz:
Early Human Migration
Early humans have migrated in many parts of the world.
Bhutan Shell Middens
shell midden analysis
: deals with the study of shell valves which were once used as food by prehistoric people.
Advances in Technology and Arts
technology
- refers to a group's skill in using tools, these tools made man's survival easier
nomads
- people who wander from place to place, do not have a permanent home
Foundation of Asian Civilization:
Cultural Evolution

Examples of Early Village Settlements
Jarmo (presently Iraq)
Çatal Huyuk (presently in Turkey)
These shell middens was discovered in Purok 2A-Tuway, Barangay Bonbon.
1.) Give the two ages.
2.) What is CULTURE?
3.) What are NOMADS?
4.) Who discovered Çatal Huyuk?
5.) ______ is the study of marine shell valves.
6.) What is civilization?
7.) 'Civilization' came from the ____ word: "_____"
Characteristics of early humans
which made humans
different from animals:
man has the ability to use his hands to make tools and weapons for hunting and defense
they have the ability to speak, transmit, and receive information
they possess a larger brain that made the more intelligent
Old Stone Age
lasted from 250,000 B.C.E. to 13,000 B.C.E.
also known as the Paleolithic Age
some scholars say that the existence of
Homo erectus philippinensis

happened during this time
there are remains of the Tabon Man found in the Tabon cave in Quezon, Palawan
they were nomadic people
Mesolithic Period
the transition from Old Stone Age to New Stone Age
there were changes in climatic conditions
these changes forced man to adapt in these changes
these climatic conditions made animals smaller
because of these changes, man developed lighter and sharper tools
New Stone Age
also known as the Neolithic Age
lasted from 13,000 B.C.E to 5,000 B.C.E
people were sedentary (settled life)
during the neolithic age:
Man learned to polish weapons.
Man discovered the importance of agriculture, (agriculture became the greatest discovery of man).
Man settled in permanent homes.
Man made homes for themselves (which improved their creativity).
Man lived together and formed communities. This led to creation of laws and rules.
They shared culture. (
Culture
- refers to the way of life of a group of people)
Metal Age
started around 5,000 B.C.E. and ended with the
Spanish colonialism in 1565.
during this period, these stone tools were replaced by
metal tools.
Jericho was the oldest city ever
discovered.
Asiki
is a village be lived to be to be about 1000 years older than Çatal Huyuk.
The British Archeologist,
James Mellaart
discovered Çatal Huyuk in 1958 said that the site was 4500 years older that the pyramids of Egypt.
The excavation of Jericho was carried by a British archeologist,
Kathleen Kenyon
in the 1950s.
The site was called the
"Bonbon Shell
Midden"
Economical Changes
Social Changes
People built irrigation systems to cultivate more lands and produce more crops. They created more important products such as
pottery
,
metal objects
, and
woven

cloth
.
The invention of
wheels
and
sails
enabled traders to transport goods over long distances. Which made
trading
possible.
The economy affected the social culture.
Religions also became more organized.
They worshiped nature, animal spirit, and had an idea
of afterlife.
A society or place reaches an advance stage of
social development and organization.
The society, culture,and way of life of a
particular area.
Advanced Cities
Cities were the birth place of
civilization.
Civilization came from the Latin word
civitas
, which means "city".
Specialized Workers
Traders, government
officials, and priests are
specialized workers.
Specialization
- is the development
of skills in a specific kind of work
Complex Institution
Leaders emerged to
maintain order and
establish laws.
Recording System
People found out that there is a need to record important dates
and events.
These records started the
begging of written history.
Technology
People need and created technology to make their lives easier.
Full transcript