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Civil rights movement presentation

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Transcript of Civil rights movement presentation

Martin Luther King, Jr.
clergyman, activist, and leader of the African-American Civil Rights Movement
Martin Luther King, Jr.
was born

January 15, 1929,
in Atlanta, Georgia.
Clip from the
"I Have A Dream" speech
He became pastor of the
Dexter Avenue Baptist Church

in Montgomery, Alabama,
when he was
twenty-five years old.
King married
Coretta Scott
on June 18, 1953
King's childhood home
Kings original name was “Michael King, Jr.,” until the family traveled to Germany in 1934. His father changed both of their names to
Martin Luther
They had four children;
Yolanda King
Martin Luther King III

Dexter Scott King
Bernice King
Martin was inspired by
who also fought without using violence.
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi
was the pre-eminent political and ideological leader of India during the Indian independence movement.

Gandhi was also getting success by the use of non-violence.
King was also said to be influenced by
Abraham Lincoln, Benjamin Mays
Hosea Williams
Bayard Rustin
Henry David Thoreau
Howard Thurman
Leo Tolstoy
King on the cover of Time magazine
on February 18, 1957.
In 1957, King, Ralph Abernathy, and other civil rights activists founded the
Southern Christian Leadership Conference

The group believed in Black Power.
King, representing SCLC, was among the leaders of the so-called Big Six civil rights organizations who were speaking in the organization of the
March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom
, which took place on August 28, 1963. It was at this event that King gave his exciting "
I Have A Dream"
More than a quarter million people event, at the time, it was the largest amount of protesters in Washington’s history.
King’s speech electrified the crowd. It was said to be one of the finest speeches in the history of American speeches.
In the following years, King and the SCLC continued to spread their opinion of desegregation all over the USA
with great success.

But they weren't always welcome.
In New York City on April 4, 1967, he delivered
a speech titled “
Beyond Vietnam
”. He spoke strongly against the U.S.’s role in the war.
On April 4, 1968, King was assassinated
by James Earl Ray

Presidential candidate
Robert Kennedy
gave a short speech to the people.
Coretta Scott King
at the funeral
President Lyndon B. Johnson
declared April 7 a national day of sorrow for the civil rights leader.

At the White House on November 2, 1983,
President Ronald Reagan
signed a bill creating
Martin Luther King, Jr. Day.

On January 17, 2000, for the first time, Martin Luther
King Jr. Day was officially observed in all fifty U.S. states.
President Reagan
signing the bill
Same year King wrote the book called
The Measure of A Man.
Malcolm X.
Human right activist and leader of Nation of Islam
Malcolm X.
was born May 19, 1925,
Omaha, Nebraska.
Malcolm X
' home
Malcolm's original name was
Malcolm Little

Malcolm was also known as
El-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz

Later Malcolm changed his name to
Malcolm X
Malcolm X married

Betty X Sanders
in 1958

They had six daughters
Attallah X
Qubilah X

Ilyasah X
Gamilah X
Malaak X
Malikah X
Malcolm was inspired by
Elijah Muhammad

Elijah was the founder of
Nation of Islam
Nation of Islam
Malcolm becam a member in

Nation of Islam
was against segregation.
The Civil Rights Movement
1955 - 1968

It all started when
Rosa Park
didn't give up her seat to a white man.
Then The Civil Rights Movement
started a
against racial segregation.

Rosa Parks
"The mother of the freedom movement"

Rosa Louise McCauley Parks
- Born: February 4, 1913
- Died: October 24, 2005
- Her parents separated
- Member of National Association for the Advancement of Colored People -

Rosa Parks'
1st December 1955:
Rosa Parks
was arrested, because she didn’t want to give her seat to a white person.
- She paid a fine of $14

- The bus b
lasted from 1st Dec 1955 - 20th Dec 1956 against racial segregation in Montgomery, Alabama
- The law changed, now the blacks can sit where they want
Rosa Parks and the boycott
Malcolm X
' speeches
Malcolm perfomed alot of speeches

The most popular speech was
"The Ballot or the Bullet"
A cut from
"The Ballot or the Bullet"
Assassination on
Malcolm X
February 21, 1965

Malcolm was assassinated
Thomas Hagan
also known as
Talmadge Hayer.

was beaten up by the crowd
John F. Kennedy and co.
1961 John F. Kennedy became president.
Robert Kennedy became Minister of Justice

The Kennedy brothers supported the racial integration

More people started to support the idea of blacks and whites living together in peace

Later in 1961 Freedom Riders was founded
John F. Kennedy
The Freedom Riders
The most famous freedom ride was from Washington DC

It started the 4th of May 1961

A campaign from the Civil Rights Movement

To busses boarded with both black- and white people
Before the boycott
The member of
NAACP Claudette Colvin,
did the same as Rosa Parks just nine months before. But why don't we see her as the hero?
- Montgomery's black leaders didn't publicize Colvin's effort, because she was a teenager and became pregnant while unmarried
NAACP got Rosa Parks to do the same because of Colvin's youth and bad image to the movement.
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