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Presentation for Writing About Art final project.

Lindsay King

on 13 May 2013

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Cuauhxicalli Eagle Bowl Creator Unknown Science Making
Mathematical Demonstrations Achilles Bocchius
and Giulio Bonasone Muscles of the Back Jacques-Fabien Gautier-Dagoty Cubomedusae Ernst Haeckel Ichonographs from the
Sandstone of Connecticut
River James Deane Horse In Motion Eadweard Muybridge Doug, Joe, Genevieve Iñigo Manglano-Ovalle Encircled Void Ned Kahn Neutron Star Scattering off a Super Massive Black Hole Tim Koby 1555
Copperplate Engraving Print on Paper
3 x 4.5 inches The Artiscientist Art and science. Often the two ideas are separated in thought and practice, yet throughout history great thinkers have realized the benefit of combining the pair as one means of expanding their understanding. The artist's work, involves meticulous observation of their subject and the conceptual expansion of an idea. Quite similar to the scientist's study, intricate observation, systemic research, and analysis condenses thoughts into theories.
The images of this collection represent the visual communication between both worlds. When the role of the creator is blurred between artistic and scientific, their role in society changes, and the power and purpose of the piece transforms as well. Works of art and science illustrate the intricate wonders of the universe, and shed light on the vast expanse of knowledge that still remains untapped. "...to detect a world beyond appearances,
a world to be achieved by solitary effort." -Giorgio Careri 1861
Salted Paper Prints
7.3 x 9.5 inches The arts must be taken no less seriously than the sciences as modes of discovery, creation, and enlargement of knowledge in the broad sense of advancement of the understanding. Nelson Goodman The most beautiful thing we can
experience is the mysterious. Albert Einstein Bench Bench Esthetic values do have a place in a world of facts and formulas, and the esthetic experience should not be limited to the appreciation of the fine arts, but should include the enjoyment of beauty wherever it may be found. Robert T. Lagemann What a great show! My brain is swelling with information How peculiar!
There's a new
exhibition at the
Franklin Institute. I should check this out... 1904
Lithographic Print
9.4 x 12.4 inches Cubomedusae, more commonly known as Box Jellyfish, is a print from Ernst Haeckel's color illustrated book, "Art Forms In Nature". Haeckel was a scientist with an artistic appreciation of nature, and wanted to create a book so that the beauty of the natural world could be shared even with those that cannot see it first hand. The intricate attention to detail and symmetric ordering had an influence on art culture during the early 20th century. This piece is an example of the systematic arrangement classic of scientific study. Meticulous ordering also eludes to a de-emphasis on field work as lab study and comparative anatomy became of greater importance in the lives of scientists. Art and Science Franklin Chenault Watkins 1933
Tempera and gesso on panel
11 5/16 x 47 inches ART [ahrt]

the class of objects
subject to aesthetic
criteria SCIENCE [sahy-uh ns]

a branch of knowledge or study dealing with a body of facts or truths systematically arranged and showing the operation of general laws This print comes from Achilles Bocchius's emblem book entitled, "Symbolicarum Quaestionum de Universo Genere Quas Serio Ludebat." Emblem books were collections of symbolic pictures explained with commentary in prose. Their purpose was to function as a visual book of lessons and morals. Lubomir Konecny describes Bocchius's emblem book as "one of the most original, deeply learned and personal emblem books ever published," and also notes that it was the first emblem book to be published with copperplate engravings. This image illustrates that even though the personified Science has the understanding of mathematics, she remains underneath her source of knowledge: God in the heavens. If you want to buy
"Art Forms In Nature" If you want to buy
"Ichnographs" In these photographs are the fossilized tracks of insects and larvae. The creation of these images comes from the response to one of the many problems that scientists face to make their observations last. The images of James Deane's "Ichonographs" book illustrate a major turning point in analytical illustration when photography became a tool for scientists. The Encyclopedia of the Early Modern World describes photographs such as these to be an example of the "pictorial techniques designed to convince viewers that an image contained an exact record of the artist's observation." Their observations have become "exquisite specimens of art" as Henry Ingersoll Bowditch, the co-author of the book explains. 1746
Color mezzotint
23 15/16 x 18 1/8 inches During a time when Paris was the center for surgical practices, artists rose to the opportunity of creating visual aides to for scientific purpose. Painstaking study of anatomy through a scientific or artistic viewpoint enables deeper understanding for both creator and viewer. As an artist, the study of anatomy was encouraged, since knowledge of body structure would enrich their ability to visually portray movements and form. "Muscles of the Back" Gautier-Dagoty's most famous illustration were both used as decorative illustrations and as instructive instruments. He used new techniques of printing with primary colors to create a life-like image. The stylistic positioning of the body and graceful unfolding of the flesh to revel the bones and muscles adds to the aesthetic appeal of Gautier-Dagoty's surgically accurate illustration. Eadweard Muybridge created this image for Leland Stanford, the president of Central Pacific Railroad. Historians such as John Ott in his article "Iron Horse," argue that because this photographic investigation was funded by an industrial tycoon that in addition to its scientific purpose, it was also meant to impose the justification of the "supremacy of industrial, mechanized, and capitalized technologies" that photography represented. These pictures mark a pivotal point in motion picture history, as this was the first time images were arranged as a series of moments of motion. These photographs are also significant as the mark in history when technology allows scientific illustration to move beyond the human senses. In order to create these images, Muybridge had to assemble a collection of cameras that would be tripped as the horse raced past. As the legend goes, the inspiration for this piece was to prove whether all four hooves left the ground in the "hobby horse" fashion which artists had historically depicted. 1878
Photographic Print 1479
Basalt Carving
12 feet across, 3 feet thick Commonly known as the Aztec Calendar Stone, this massive carving depicts the sun god Tonatuih, one of the most important deities of Aztec culture. In the first band surrounding him are the symbols for the 20 days of each Aztec month. These symbols lack numeral data that would signify a specific date. The next circle depicts jade and feathers as a decorative motif. Finally, the last circle depicts the human blood that fuels the sun. Surrounding the circles are two flaming snakes that transport the sun god on his daily journey. Even though this peice depicts names of months and other chronological information, it is believed to refer to cosmology and mythology. This triptych illustrates a section of the DNA of a father, mother, and child. Manglano-Ovalle created these images after the O.J. Simpson trial, during a time when DNA became a household term. It is interesting how the simple addition of color can add emphasis to an artistically leaning science piece. As the artist states "We may look the same genetically, but physically we can be very different." Manglano-Ovalle's work gives life to scientific data and he frames his pieces to generate understanding of social issues, such as human cloning. 1998
Chromogenic color print
60 x 23 inches (each print) 2010
Teak wood turbine "I've tried to create things where I've basically framed a phenomena, and I'm letting nature do the sculpting," says Kahn about his work. Modern day science and art becomes more abstract in its questioning and investigations of universal concepts. Many scientists have looked to artistic interpretation as a method of expanding knowledge of environmental concerns. This piece is a beautiful example of how scientific principals and understanding can lend to the creation of an aesthetic marvel. It was created through a process of steaming the wood and bending it into the desired shape. Kahn invites viewers to survey their environment through the "void". 2011
Picture of Computer Algorithm Some things are unexplainably beautiful. Astrophysics has come a long was since Galileo's illustrations. Even as the instruments and concepts of science become more advanced, the continuous experience of wonder remains. Koby, a physicist from Princeton University, created this image with the mathematics of a neutron star. A neutron star happens at the end of a massive star's life, when its gravitational energy has been spent, and its matter collapses in on itself. If the force and speed of this matter condensing is great enough, it can result in a black hole. Gravity in black holes is so powerful that not even light can escape it, which has caused understanding of black holes to be very limited.
This illustration reminds both artist and scientist of the limits to our present knowledge. If you would like to buy a poster of this print... If you would like to watch a stop-motion video of the photographic prints... To purchase Achille Bocchi and the Emblem Book as Symbolic Form, for more information... To see a representation of the believed color of the Aztec Calendar... Watch "Aesthetics and Astronomy" for more information on how general public learns from astrological images... For more information on DNA, visit this web page... The
integration of technology in this exhibit is a great idea. Yeah, it really provides an easy and non-distracting way to obtain more information, or to purchase products related to the piece. I wish there was a piece on the art and science of making me some lunch... It's so interesting that this exhibit acknowledges the study of all things beautiful whether art or not, and all things science whether beautiful or not. I want to get the
exhibition catalog so
I can revisit these
ideas again
and again. "Art," Dictionary.com, Accessed May 1, 2013, http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/art?s=t. "Science," Dictionary.com, Accessed May 1, 2013, http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/science?s=t Philadelphia Museum of Art. “Modern and Contemporary Art, ‘Art and Science.’” Accessed April 29, 2013. http://www.philamuseum.org/collections/permanent/60053.html?mulR=11635|5. The British Museum. “Achillis Bocchii Bonon. symbolicarum quaestionum de Universo genere quas serio ludebat (Emblems of Achilles Bocchius)” Accessed April 29, 2013. http://www.britishmuseum.org/research/search_the_collection_database/search_object_details.aspx?objectid=1450199&partid=1&output=People%2F!!%2FOR%2F!!%2F86699%2F!%2F86699-1-7%2F!%2FRepresentation+of+God%2F!%2F%2F!!%2F%2F!!!%2F&orig=%2Fresearch%2Fsearch_the_collection_database%2Fadvanced_search.aspx&currentPage=1&numpages=10.

“Emblem Book.” Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Accessed May 4, 2013. http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/185554/emblem-book.

Raybould, Robin. Emblemata: Symbolic Literature of the Renaissance. New York: The Grolier Club, 2009.

Metropolitan Museum of Art. “Ichnographs from the Sandstone of Connecticut River.” Accessed April 29, 2013. http://www.metmuseum.org/Collections/search-the-collections/190018037.

Deane, James. Ichonographs: from the Sandstone of Connecticut River. Boston: Little, Brown and Company, 1861.

Reader's Guide to the History of Science. "Scientific Illustration," accessed May 09, 2013,

Philadelphia Museum of Art. “Prints, Drawings, and Photographs, ‘Muscles of the Back.’” Accessed May 12, 2013. http://www.philamuseum.org/collections/permanent/107239.html.

Library of Congress. “The Horse in motion. ‘Sallie Gardner,’ owned by Leland Stanford; running at a 1:40 gait over the Palo Alto track, 19th June 1878.” Accessed April 2, 2013. http://www.loc.gov/pictures/resource/cph.3a45870/.

Ott, John. "Iron Horses: Leland Stanfor, Eadweard Muybridge, and the Industrialised Eye." Oxford Art Journal, 2005: 407-428.
Umberger, Emily. “The Aztec Calendar Stone.” Calliope 16, no. 4 (December 2005): 36. MAS ULTRA-School Edition, EBSCOhost. Accessed May 9, 2013.

Clark, J. E., Villela, Miller, K.D., & Mary Ellen. “The Aztec calendar stone.” Cambridge Archaeological Journal 21 (2011): 317-319. Accessed May 9, 2013. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0959774311000308.

Aztec History. “Aztec Calendar Stone.” Accessed April 28, 2013. http://www.aztec-history.com/aztec-calendar-stone.html. Art 21. “’Doug, Joe and Genevieve’ from ‘The Garden of Delights’ (1998).” Accessed May 1, 2013. http://www.art21.org/images/i%C3%B1igo-manglano-ovalle/doug-joe-and-genevieve-from-the-garden-of-delights-1998.

Welch, J.D. “Ascetic Aesthetics: Iñigo Manglano-Ovalle and the deconstruction of science.” Accessed May 9, 2013. http://www.jdwelch.net/writing/manglano.html.

Miller, Wesley. Art 21.“Iñigo Manglano-Ovalle, Casta Paintings.” Accessed May 9, 2013. http://blog.art21.org/2008/07/17/inigo-manglano-ovalle-casta-paintings/. Palca, Joe. NPR. “Where Science Meets Art: Artist Captures Wonder of Natural Phenomena.” Accessed April 29, 2013. http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=4524673 Wikipedia. “Haeckel Cubomedusae.” Accessed May 10, 2013. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Haeckel_Cubomedusae.jpg. Hubble Site. “Black Hole Encyclopedia.” Accessed May 1, 2013. http://hubblesite.org/explore_astronomy/black_holes/encyc_mod3_q1.html.

Leibowitz, J.R. Hidden Harmony, The Connected Worlds of Physics and Art. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2008.

Wikipedia. “Neutron Star.” Accessed May 1, 2014. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neutron_star.

Art of Science Gallery, Princeton University. “Tim Koby ’11.” Accessed February 27, 2013. http://www.princeton.edu/artofscience/gallery2010/one.php%3Fid=1310.html.
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