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SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE
Transcript of SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE
TENSE Affirmative Form The uses of the Simple Present Tense Uses of the Simple Present Tense The uses of the Simple Present Tense Uses of the Simple Present Tense Uses of the Simple Present Tense 1. Permanent truths
Summer follows spring. The earth goes around the sun. 1. Permanent truths 2. The present period 3. Habitual actions Subject + verb infinitive + the rest of the sentence We add -s or -es to the verb infinitive in the 3rd person singular : HE / SHE / IT. I
It } work
works in an office. Spelling of the 3rd person singular. Most verbs add -s Examples : work, works / drive, drives / run, runs Verbs normally add -es when they end in o- do, does When verbs end in s, x, ch, sh we have to add -es s : miss, misses
x : mix, mixes
ch : catch, catches
sh : push, pushes 2. The present period
My father works in a bank. My sister wears glasses. 3. Habitual actions
Rafa goes to the university on Mondays and Fridays. 4. Future reference
The concert begins at 7.30 pm and ends at 9.30 pm. 5. Observations and declarations
I love you. He hates me. 6. Making suggestions
Why don't we go to the beach today ? (Meaning: let's go to the beach) We use the Simple Present Tense for statements that are always true. Summer follows spring. The earth goes around the sun. The sun rises in the east. We use the simple present tense to refer to events, actions, situations which are true in the present period of time, or may continue indefinitely. My father works in a bank. My sister wears glasses. We commonly use the simple present tense to ask and answer questions which begin with How often? How often do you go to the dentist? I go every six months. How often does Sue visit her parents? She visits her parents every day. We use the simple present to describe habitual actions, things that happen repeatedly I get up at 7 o'clock every day. Uses of the Simple Present Tense 4. Future reference When we refer to timetables / programmes or events in a calender The concert begins at 7.30 pm and ends at 9.30 pm. The plane leaves at 11.00 am and arrives at 3 pm. Do not forget to add -s or -es to the verb form in the 3rd person singular: HE / SHE / IT In these examples: the concerts begins, the concert ends, the plane leaves, the plane arrives.. Uses of the Simple Present Tense 5. Observations and declarations STATIVE VERBS and other verbs to make declarations and observations Stative verbs: like, love, think, understand, prefer, want, hear, see, appear, seem, belong, own, etc. I love you.
He hates me.
We live in difficult times. we don't say..
I am loving you.
He is hating me.
We are living in difficult times. Uses of the Simple Present Tense 6. Making suggestions Why don't we go to the beach today? (Meaning: Let's go to the beach) We use : Why don't we...? Why don't I...? The Negative Form Subject + auxilliary (do/does) + not + verb + the rest of the sentence I
does } not work in an office. The interrogative form: Yes / NO Questions Do / does (auxilliary) + subject + verb + the rest of the sentence? Do
it } work in an office ? Possible answers to Yes/No questions Yes + subject + do/does Yes, I do.
Yes, he does.
Yes, we do. No + subject + do not, don't / does not, doesn't No, I don't.
No, he doesn't.
No, we don't. Wh - questions Wh word + do/does (auxilliary) + subject + verb infinitive + the rest of the sententes? "Wh words" : what, where, when, why, how. Where do I
Where do you
Where does he
Where does she
Where does it
Where do we
Where do they } work?