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Transcript of Summarizing Articles
Summarizing Non-Fiction Text
The reporter’s formula strategy: Who, Did What,
When, Where, Why (sometimes How)? is used to help students understand, and learn, how to summarize non-fiction text.
Completing a graphic organizer that identifies the main idea and important details of a piece of nonfiction text also helps students understand how to summarize non-fiction text.
Sentence Stems for Summarizing:
The story takes place…
The main characters are…
A problem occurs when…
I learned that…
The most important ideas in this text are…
This part was about…
An Essential Strategy for Non-Fiction Summary:
Questions to Ask:
Who/What is the passage mostly about?
(topic or subject)
What is important about the topic or
When does this take place?
Where does this take place?
Why is the topic or subject important?
How does this occur?
Select a National Geographic Magazine of your choice
Read one of the magazines' articles
Complete the Graphic Organizer
Develop a 3 paragraph summary of the article
You may use a summary "frame" as you write your article summary.
The Summary Frame for Main Idea/Details is:
The main idea of this passage is ________________________.
One fact or example that supports this main idea is _____________________.
Another fact or example that supports this main point is _________________.
In addition, ____________________.
Finally, ________________________ illustrates that (main idea) ______________.
What does it mean to summarize?
Summarizing is identifying and retelling important details in your own words. (Duffy, 2003)
Summarizing is shrinking what you are reading into chunks of information you can handle. (Zwiers, 2004)
Why do I need to learn how to summarize?
I summarize when I read because my brain cannot remember all the details and summaries help me remember what I have read. This helps me apply what I read to real life. (Block, 2004)
When do I need to summarize?
I summarize when I need to share with others something I have read, when I am studying for a test, or when I am reporting an event that has occurred.
Block, C.C. (2004). Teaching comprehension: The comprehension process
approach. Boston, MA: Allyn and Bacon.
Duffy, G.G. (2003). Explaining reading: A resource for teaching concepts, skills, and strategies. New York: The Guilford Press.
Zwiers, J. (2004). Building reading comprehension habits in grades 6-12: A tool of classroom activities. Newark, DE: International Reading Association.
Three Paragraph Essay
You will introduce the article. Using your graphic organizer, you will describe some of the important details of the text and introduce your main idea.
Thoroughly discuss your main idea and provide two facts or details from the text that support why it is the main idea.
Write a conclusion that concludes your summary. The conclusion will restate the information presented in Paragraphs 1 and 2.