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Renaissance Theatre

English, Italian, Spanish Theatre
by

Rachel Ijames

on 11 October 2012

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Transcript of Renaissance Theatre

English & Italian Theatre
by Natalie DuVall and Rachel Ijames Renaissance Theatre What is the Renaissance? Genre History of Theatre Development & Historical Events Characteristics of Theaters Performances Cultural Characteristics & Philosophies of the Era “re-birth”
1500-1650
Public and Private
Major English playwrights /plays of the time:
William Shakespeare
"Hamlet"
"Taming of the Shrew"
Christopher Marlowe
"Doctor Faustus" Period
Tragedy
Comedy
Pastoral England Around 1575
Plays were banned due to:
Morality - criticism of the monarchy
Measure against the plague

By 1575
All players were expelled from the city

In 1592
The plagues outbreak was at its highest
Places of public gathering - closed down

Therefore
Population dispersal
Permanent playhouses constructed outside the jurisdiction of London Public/ Outdoor:
Built outside of London, across Thames River
Normally held 1,500-3,000
Usually built of timber, lath, plaster, and thatched roofs Purpose of Theatre to Elizabethan Society & Audience Expectations Specific Characteristics of Renaissance Drama How the Renaissance Evolved from the Medieval Era & How it Evolves into the Restoration/Neo-Classical Era Sources Italian Renaissance 1400-1620
Opera
Commedia dell'arte Italy England England England Rarely acted same play two days in a row
Performed often
Tremendous work load for leading actors
Companies only included males
Evolved w/ reign of Charles II
Large Casts
Doubling or tripling roles were common
Minimal rehearsal time England England The Court and commoners united
Main source of entertainment
The people were provided:
An escape
or
A second voice regarding societal behavior
Ex. Shakespeare’s Twelfth Night, highlights the growing puritan movement England Borrowed from Roman or English history & sometimes from Italian Renaissance Literature

Generally:
Included Interludes
Were in episodic form
Had parallel plots or subplots
Presented violence onstage
Filled with supernatural characters
Mixed higher characters with lower characters
Mixed comedy scenes into serious plays
Incorporated iambic pentameter
Were in chronicle form England Actually began in the 1300s but did not dominate until the 16th century

Things that brought about the Renaissance:
Decline in feudalism,
Increased growth of cities
Increased power of princes/rulers
Lessening influence of the church over learning and life

The renaissance era evolved into 18th century (restoration/neo-classical) theatre by:
Altering plot
Developing a taste for sentiment
Developing realistic detail & historical accuracy "Drama and Dramatic Arts."
Theatre.autocww.colorado.edu/~toldy2/E64ContentFiles/TheaterAndActing/DramaAndDramaticArts.html (accessed October 7, 2012).

"English Renaissance theatre - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia." Wikipedia, the free
encyclopedia. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/English_Renaissance_theatre (accessed October 7, 2012).

"Life in Renaissance England." University of Houston.
http://www.uh.edu/~djudkins/life_in_renaissance_england.htm (accessed October 7, 2012).

"Music History 102." ipl2: Information You Can Trust.
http://www.ipl.org/div/mushist/ren/index.html (accessed October 7, 2012).

"THEATRE HISTORY - Beginning through the Renaissance." Introduction to
Theatre - THEA 131 Dr. C. Frederic. www2.selu.edu/Academics/Faculty/cfrederic/TheatreHistoryThruRenaissance.htm (accessed October 7, 2012).

Images
http://aevans.hubpages.com/hub/Elizabethan-Era-Vs-The-21st-Century
http://www.bbc.co.uk/radio4/features/shakespeares-restless-world/archive/
http://www.deathandtaxesmag.com/184516/an-oregon-man-has-caught-the-black-plague/
http://www3.northern.edu/wild/th100/CHAPT13B
http://www.montgomeryschoolsmd.org/schools
http://shakespeare.mit.edu/
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twelfth_Night
http://www.harvardsquarelibrary.org/chistory
http://www.william-shakespeare.info/shakespeare-play-king-henry-v.htm England attempted to recreate Greek tragedy
Camerata Academy
Dafne (1505)
Monteverdi (1567-1643) Opera Improvisation
Simple scenarios
Stock characters Commedia dell'arte Lovers
Troubled between their hearts and parents' wishes Inamorati Father of one of the lovers
Greedy merchant Pantalone Pompous
Cowardly
Spaniard Il Capitano Father of one lover
The Doctor Il Dottore Servants
Low-class
Foolish, but funny Zanni Pantalone's prankster servant
Most popular character
Carried a batacchio Arlecchino Only female servant
Cunning
Assists the lovers Colombina Low-level merchant
Scheming Brighella Religious upheaval
Economic change
Social Change
Beginning of Capitalism England Independent city-states
Florence
Italian Wars Italy Renaissance began in Italy
Influenced many English playwrights Italy Staging Architecture
Sebastiano Serlio (1475-1554)
Competitive Dukes Italy Terence Stage
Perspective
Perspective Painting
Teatro Olimpico
Teatre Farnese
Chariot and Pole System Italy Mobile Troupes
Skilled Performers
Were not rehearsed prior
Lazzi
Role of women Italy Comedic entertainment
Artistic creativity Italy
Shakespeare’s, Henry V Period
Christopher Marlowe’s, Dr. Faustus Tragedy
John Fletcher’s, The Faithful Shepherdess Pastoral
Thomas Dekker’s, The Shoemaker’s Holiday Comedy http://www2.selu.edu/Academics/Faculty/cfrederic/TheatreHistoryThruRenaissance.htm
http://www.history.com/topics/italian-renaissance
http://www.compulite.com/stagelight/html/history-1/history-1-text.html
http://italian.about.com/library/weekly/aa110800a.htm
http://www.masksandpuppets.com/commedia.htm
http://www.theater-masks.com/commedia-masks
http://www.alicemasks.com/story/commediarte.htm
http://harlie10dramadw.wikispaces.com/Unit+2+Comedia
http://novaonline.nvcc.edu/eli/spd130et/neocitaly.htm#comm
http://www.delpiano.com/carnival/html/pantalone.html
http://www3.northern.edu/wild/th100/CHAPT13A.HTM
http://www.theatrehistory.com/italian/commedia_dell_arte_001.html
http://www2.selu.edu/Academics/Faculty/cfrederic/TheatreHistoryThruRenaissance.htm
http://theater.yoexpert.com/theater-general/who-are-the-stock-characters-in-commedia-dell-arte-1245.html Italy
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