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Copy of Lesson 11

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gyunghee kim

on 25 October 2012

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Transcript of Copy of Lesson 11

Lesson 11. Who is behind the Sweet Taste of Chocolate?
1. How much do cocoa farmers usually get

for each pound of cocoa beans?


2. Why was the fair trade movement started?


3. What does the fair trade label tell us? On some farms, the workers are mostly children.

Their parents can’t afford to hire people to work on the farm,

so the children have to do the work. p.189

1. Where do Naki and Madi work all day long?


2. Why are cocoa farmers very poor?


3. Why are cocoa workers mostly children? p.188b

In order to fix the problem of unfair trade,

the fair trade movement was started.
Behind sweet chocolate are the bitter tears of many children

like Naki and Madi who have never tasted chocolate.
Fair Trade Chocolate
Ask & Answer
Fortunately, however, there have been a growing number of people

who believe that this is unfair for the farmers.
Outside the village of Niveneso in Ghana,

Naki is sitting on the ground, working with cocoa pods. =while she is working with cocoa pods. V S Next to her is her little brother, Madi.

He is picking up a cocoa pod with one hand

and cutting it open with a knife with the other. He has a scar that covers most of his whole left hand.


It is the middle of the school day,

but Madi says their parents can’t afford to send him to school.

“I hate this work,” he says.

“I want to go to school, but I have to do this.” 흉터 꼬투리 (that) ~할 형편이 안되다 비인칭주어 it
(시간, 날씨, 명암,무게 등) 수업이 한창일 시간 However, few people know that a lot of chocolate is made from

cocoa beans harvested by child workers like Naki and Madi.
They spend their days cutting cocoa pods and carrying heavy

buckets filled with cocoa beans.

They are badly treated, and they are always hungry.
Cocoa trees grow in rain forest countries such as Ghana and Cameroon.

Cocoa farmers in these countries are very poor

since they do not get paid much for their cocoa beans. 주고 받는다
a few (약간의)

few (거의 없는)




a little (약간의)

little (거의 없는) Although I am not popular,
I still have a few friends I can talk to.

I am sad because I have few friends I can talk to. There is still a little water in the cup.

She has little money, so she can't buy the book. <few/ a few - little / a little > (which are) S V O Naki and Madi spend +시간 + ~ing (which are) 학대당하다 ~와 같은 (=like) 때문에
(= as, because) S V S V C 지불 받는다 대부분이 can't afford to + 동사원형
~할 형편이 안되다 형용사적 용법 그 부모들은 농장에서 일 할 사람을 고용할 형편이 안된다. 1. They work on a cocoa farm.

2. They do not get paid much for their cocoa beans.

3. Their parents can't afford to hire people to work

on the farm. p. 188

Cocoa farmers usually get only about 25 cents for each pound of
s v o
cocoa beans they sell.
Since the farmers have no power,

they just get what chocolate companies want to pay them. 빈도부사(usually, often, sometimes)
일반동사 앞, 조동사나 be 동사 뒤에 위치함 각 파운드당 (that) ~을 지불할 만큼 충분한 때문에( as, because) S V O V S 다행스럽게도 점점 더 많은 수의 사람들이 unfair: 불공정한 For example, chocolate companies that support this movement

give the farmers at least 80 cents for each pound of

their cocoa beans. In return, they demand that the farmers not use child labor.

Fair trade chocolate has a special label that tells you that

the farmers were paid a fair price and no child labor was used. ~하기 위해 불공정 무역의 문제 공정 무역 운동 S


V I.O D.O 최소한 코코아 열매 일 파운드 당 그 대가로 chocolate companies demand + that + 주어+ (should)+ 동사원형 명령, 요구, 주장, 충고, 제안을 뜻하는 동사들
(demand/ suggest/ insist/ advise/ order/ require/ recommend) 뒤에
오는 that 절 안에서는 'should+ 동사원형'을 쓰며, 이때 should는 생략할
수도 있으므로 특히 부정문의 형태에서 유의해야 한다. He suggested that we have lunch at home.

I demanded that the story be told to everybody.

The doctor suggested that he not go out in the sun.

My dad insisted that they finish the work today. S V O S V O S V I.O



D.O 관계대명사 that 명사절을 이끄는 접속사 that 명사절을 이끄는 접속사 that 초콜릿회사들이 농부들에게 지불하고자 하는 것
However, more and more people are willing to buy it,

and more and more companies are expected to join the movement. 현재 대체로 점점 더 많은 be willing to +동.원:
기꺼이 ~하려 하다. ~이 예상되다 V S 쓰디쓴 눈물 이면에는 (who are) 1. They ueually get 25 cents.


2. People wanted to fix the problem of unfair trade.


3. It tells us that the farmers were paid a fair price

and no child labor was used. 미성년자 노동력 한 손은 코코아 꼬투리를 잡고, 다른 손은 칼로 그것을 갈라서 열고 있다. 명사절을 이끄는 접속사 that 단지 소수의 소규모 기업들에 의해서만 팔리고 있다 공정무역 초콜릿은 next time+S+V ~: 다음에 ~ 할 때 그러나 그러므로 Outside the village of Niveneso in Ghana,

Naki is sitting on the ground, working with cocoa pods. =while she is working with
cocoa pods. V S Next to her is her little brother, Madi.


He is picking up a cocoa pod with one hand

and (is) cutting it open with a knife with the other. “I hate this work,” he says.

“I want to go to school, but I have to do this.” 흉터 꼬투리 (that) ~할 형편이 안되다 비인칭주어 it
(시간, 날씨, 명암,무게 등) 수업이 한창일 시간 한 손은 다른 손은 He has a scar that covers most of his whole left hand. It is the middle of the school day,

but Madi says their parents can’t afford to send him to school. 가나의 Niveneso 마을 변두리에서, Naki는 땅에 앉아 카카오 꼬투리를 까고 있다. *장소의 전치사구가 앞에 오면
주어와 동사가 도치
<전치사구 + 동사 + 주어> 어순 그녀의 옆에는 남동생 Madi가 있다.
그는 한 손으로 카카오 꼬투리를 들고, 다른 한 손으로 칼을 사용해 꼬투리를 잘라 벌리고 있다. 그에게는 왼손 전체의 대부분을 덮고 있는 흉터가 있다. (= which) 학교 수업이 한창일 시간이지만, Madi는 부모님이 자신을 학교에 보낼 수 있는 여유가 없다고 말한다. 접속사 that 생략 Madi says, "Our parents can't afford to send me to school." * 장소의 전치사구가 문두에 오면 주어, 동사가 도치된다.
In front of the house was a small restaurant.
v s
On your left is the National Museum.
v s
On the wall was a picture of a little boy.
v s
There comes my teacher.
v s cf. 주어가 대명사일때는 주어+ 동사 어순 유지

There he comes.
s v “난 이 일이 싫어.”라고 그가 말한다. “학교에 가고 싶지만, 난 이 일을 해야만 해.” < most>

1. 명사: 대부분 / Most of people
2. 형용사: 대부분의 / Most people
Fortunately, however, there have been a growing number of people

who believe that this is unfair for the farmers. p. 188

Cocoa farmers usually get only about 25 cents for each pound of

cocoa beans they sell.
This is not even enough to pay for the cost of growing cocoa trees.


Since the farmers have no power,

they just get what chocolate companies want to pay them. 빈도부사(usually, often, sometimes)
일반동사 앞, 조동사나 be 동사 뒤에 위치함 각 파운드당 (that) ~을 지불할 만큼 충분한 때문에( as, because) S V O V S 다행스럽게도 점점 더 많은 수의 사람들이 unfair: 불공정한 초콜릿회사들이 농부들에게 지불하고자 하는 것 카카오 농부들은 보통 자신들이 파는 카카오 열매 1파운드당 겨우 약 25센트를 받는다. 농부들에게는 아무런 힘이 없기 때문에, 그들은 단지 초콜릿 회사들이 지급하고 싶어 하는 금액을 받을 뿐이다. (=getting 25cents for each pound of cocoa beans) This is not even enough to pay for the cost of growing cocoa trees. 이것은 심지어 카카오나무를 기르는 비용을 지불할 만큼도 되지 못한다. 심지어 선행사를 포함하고 있는 관계대명사 what
'~하는 것;으로 해석된다 =farmers 하지만 다행스럽게도, 이것이 농부들에게 불공평하다고 믿는 사람들이 점점 늘어나고 있다.


On some farms, the workers are mostly children.

Their parents can’t afford to hire people to work on the farm,

so the children have to do the work. p.187

Many people love chocolate.

They often give and receive chocolate on Valentine’s Day.


However, few people know that a lot of chocolate is made from

cocoa beans harvested by child workers like Naki and Madi.
They spend their days cutting cocoa pods and carrying heavy

buckets filled with cocoa beans.

They are badly treated, and they are always hungry.
Cocoa trees grow in rain forest countries such as Ghana and Cameroon.

Cocoa farmers in these countries are very poor since they do not get paid much

for their cocoa beans. 주고 받는다
a few (약간의)

few (거의 없는)

-----------

a little (약간의)

little (거의 없는) Although I am not popular, I still have a few friends I can talk to.

I am sad because I have few friends I can talk to. There is still a little water in the cup.

She has little money, so she can't buy the book. few/ a few/ little / a little (which are) S V O Naki and Madi spend +시간 + ~ing (which are) 학대당하다 rain forest : 열대우림 such as ~ :~와 같은 (=like) 때문에( as, because) 카카오 열매 S V S V C 지불 받는다 대부분이 can't afford to + 동사원형
~할 형편이 안되다 형용사적 용법 그 부모들은 농장에서 일 할 사람을 고용할 형편이 안된다. 명사절을 이끄는 접속사 that p.187 Many people love chocolate.

They often give and receive chocolate on Valentine’s Day. 많은 사람들이 초콜릿을 매우 좋아한다.
그들은 종종 밸런타이데이에 초콜릿을 주고받는다. <셀 수 있는 명사> <셀 수 없는 명사> 하지만, 많은 초콜릿이 Naki와 Madi와 같은 미성년 노동자들이 수확한 카카오 열매로
만들어진다는 사실을 알고 있는 이들은 거의 없다. be made from ~:
~로 만들어지다 ~를 알고 있는 사람들이 거의 없다 chocolate : 물질명사 미성년 노동자들은 카카오 꼬투리를 자르고 카카오 열매가 가득 담긴 무거운 양동이를 운반하는데 하루하루를 보낸다. 그들은 학대받고, 늘 배고파한다. 카카오 나무는 가나와 카메룬과 같은 열대우림 국가에서 자란다.
이러한 나라들의 카카오 농부들은 카카오 열매의 값을 많이 받지 못하기 때문에,
매우 가난하다. rain forest : 열대우림
such as ~ :~와 같은(=like)
get paid for ~: ~ 값을 지불받다 가나와 카메룬과 같은 열대우림 국가에서 In order to fix the problem of unfair trade,

the fair trade movement was started. For example, chocolate companies that support this movement
s
give the farmers at least 80 cents for each pound of
v i.o d.o
their cocoa beans.


Fair trade chocolate has a special label that tells you that

the farmers were paid a fair price and no child labor was used. ~하기 위해 불공정 무역의 문제 공정 무역 운동 최소한 코코아 열매 일 파운드 당 그 대가로 demand + that + 주어+ (should)+ 동사원형 demand
suggest + that +주어 +(should)+동사원형
insist He suggested that we have lunch at home.

He demands that the story be told to everybody.

The doctor suggested that he not go out in the sun.

My dad insisted that they finish the work today. S V O S V O S V I.O



D.O 관계대명사 that 접속사 that 접속사 that 미성년자 노동력 demand/ suggest/ insist/ require/ recommend(명령, 요구, 주장, 제안을 뜻하는 동사)
뒤에 [that +주어+(should)+동사원형]으로 씀, 부정문일 때 유의하기 공정 무역 초콜릿에는 농부들의 공정한 가격을 지불받았으며
미성년자 노동력이 동원되지 않았음을 말해주는 특별한 라벨이 부착되어 있다. 불공정 무역의 문제를 해결하기 위해, 공정무역 운동이 시작되었다.
1 pound: 약 450g 예를 들어, 이 운동을 지지하는 초콜릿 회사들은
농부들에게 카카오 열매 1파운드당 최소한 80센트를 지불한다. chocolate companies that support the fair trade movement p. 189

At present, fair trade chocolate is sold by only a few small companies,

and it is generally expensive. 하지만, 점점 더 많은 사람들이 이를 기꺼이 구입하고 있으며, 점점 더 많은 기업들이 이 운동에 참여할 것으로 예상된다.
fair trade chocolate 현재, 공정 무역 초콜릿은 소수의 소규모 기업들에 의해서만 판매되고 있으며, 일반적으로 값이 비싸다.
Therefore, next time you buy chocolate, think about the poor children

working on cocoa farms. 달콤한 초콜릿의 이면에는, 초콜릿을 한 번도 맛본 적 없는 Naki와 Madi 같은 많은 아이들의 쓰디쓴 눈물이 있다. 따라서 다음에 여러분이 초콜릿을 살 때는,
카카오 농장에서 일하고 있는 가난한 아이들을 생각해 보라.
In return, they demand that the farmers not use child labor. 그 대가로, 그들은 농부들이 미성년자 노동력을 동원하지 말 것을 요구한다. =we expect that more and more companies will join the movement.
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