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Skin Cancer

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Nikil Panchal

on 1 March 2013

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Transcript of Skin Cancer

By: Nikil Panchal
Bruce Sanchez Skin Cancer Triggered by Environment, hereditary or both? &
Causes Skin cancer can be detected in so many ways. Imaging, endoscopy, tissue samples, blood tests, cancer screening, etc. X-rays, CT scans, MRI scans, PET scans are all forms of imaging and how to detect skin cancer. An endoscopy is a long, thin flexible tube with a camera and light on the end. Doctors can use this to look inside parts of your body to see if there is anything unusual. There are many ways to reduce your risk of getting skin cancer. As you know, skin cancer is mainly caused by exposure to ultraviolet radiation from the sun so the logic thing to do is reduce the amount of exposure you have from the sun. Between the time's of 11 am - 4 pm is when the sun's UV rays are the strongest so you would seek shade like going under trees, wearing a hat, a shirt, fabric that wet, etc. Preventive Measures Forms of treatment The chance of surviving after a treatment is very high. Skin cancer is among the most survivable forms of cancer, if caught early. Skin cancer patients regularly must come to terms with scaring. Physical scars resulting from removal of tumors may be visible when wearing casual clothing. Any treatment for skin cancer that removes that affected tissue from the skin may result in a scar. There is no way to undo existing skin damage, and the risk that new skin cancers will develop is reasonably high. Forecast after treatment
(recovery) 3 main types of
Skin Cancer #1: Melanoma is the most dangerous type of skin cancer. It is the leading cause of death of skin disease. #2: Basal cell carcinoma is a slow-growing form of skin cancer. This type of cancer is the most common form. Skin cancer falls into two major groups: Nonmelanoma and melanoma. Basal cell carcinoma is a type of nonmelanoma skin cancer. #3: Squamous cell carcinoma occurs in normal skin or in skin that has been injured or inflamed. This type of cancer is the least common form. Squamous cell is a type of nonmelanoma skin cancer. Affected specialized cells, tissues, organs, organ systems Not many things are affected by this cancer because most of the disease or damaged is done on the skin. No organs are affected, only the skin, but cancer cells could spread to other organs or organ systems under the skin. The only tissue affected by skin cancer is epithelial tissue skin cells. Epithelial tissue covers the whole surface of the body, and it is made up of cells closely packed. Skin cancer most commonly affects areas of the skin that are exposed to the sun, but may develop almost anywhere on the body, including underneath fingernails and in the genital area. Skin cancer can be triggered by both the environment and hereditary. The environment is one of the main reasons people get skin cancer. This is because of the amount of exposure people have to the ultraviolet light that is a part of the sunlight or sunbeds. This is overwhelmingly the most frequent cause of skin cancer. Skin cancer can also be triggered by hereditary but not as common as the environment can trigger it. If anyone from your family had skin cancer, than you are at higher risk of acquiring the disease. They're many causes that can trigger skin cancer but not as overwhelmingly as the exposure to the ultraviolet light. Some are, pale complexion, severe sunburns in the past, multiple or unusual moles. Pale completion can make it difficult tan which can easily occur to a sun burn and damage skin. How Skin Cancer is detected and diagnosed A couple of others you can detected skin cancer without a doctor is, if you notice any change of skin colour, any size or colour of a mole or a new growth, scariness, bleeding or change in appearance of a bump. Also if you feel any itchiness or pain of the skin. Shave Biopsy Punch Biopsy Incisional Biopsy Excisional Biopsy Biopsy The only certain way of identifying skin cancer, and determining the specific type of cancer is biopsy. Doctor uses a thin, sharp blade to shave off the abnormal growth Doctor uses a sharp, hollow tool to remove a circle of tissue from the abnormal area Doctor uses scalpel to remove part of the growth Finally, the doctor uses a scalpel to remove the entire growth and some tissue around it. Drawn by: Bruce Sanchez Fun Fact #1 Did you know that, 80% of sun rays penetrate light clouds? (still be able to get a sunburn) The sun's UV rays can damage your skin in as little as 15 minutes. Put on sunscreen before you go outside, even on slightly cloudy or cool days. Don't forget to put a thick layer on all parts of exposed skin. Avoid Indoor Tanning Using a tanning bed, booth, or sunlamp to get tan is called "indoor tanning". Indoor tanning has been linked with skin cancers including melanoma (deadliest type of skin cancer), and squamous cell carcinoma. Fun Fact #2 Did you also know that, 80% of sun rays reflect off water, sand and concrete? Social & ethical issues People believe that god can heal them from the cancer or any type of illness they are currently in. So they don't get treatments from professional doctors. People make healthier choices because their mind has brighten up which allows them to change their lifestyle for example, they exercise to make their muscles stronger and keep a lower anxiety. Some people can go into depression because they are ashamed to go out in public. So they wear glasses, hats, long sleeved shirts, anything to hide their scars which allows them to take it to a another level and become paranoid. Generally, skin cancer patients receive one of three types of treatment: surgery, chemotherapy, or radiation therapy. It's also possible to receive a combination of any of those three types, in hopes of increasing the odds of getting rid of the cancer cells. Surgery Pros & Cons If the tumor is large and easy to remove, surgical treatment might be the best option. The decision to cut is based on the type of skin cancer, its stage, how far it's spread , and where the tumor is located. Surgery can be effective at removing a single mass or tumor, but a surgeon can't remove cancer that has spread and affect multiple areas of the body. It can also take time to heal from a large incision following surgery, and there are the usual surgical risks and a lot of bleeding and inflection. Chemotherapy Pros & Cons Chemotherapy involves the use of drugs that destroy skin cancer cells. While it is a very effective method of for skin cancer because this type of disease happens in more than one location. There are side effects to deal with because healthy cells are also damaged during this form of cancer treatment. Chemotherapy drugs cause different side effects in different people. Some people react more than others, so they can't tell you exactly what will happen to you. Drugs most commonly used for squamous cell skin cancer include, Cisplatin, Doxorubicin, 5FU, Mitomycin C. Radiation Pros & Cons Radiation, another method used to destroy skin cancer cells, can be administered from outside the body or within the body. Radiation can be delivered as streams of energy from X-rays and gamma rays, or consist of energy from charged particles, such as proton beam radiation. Radiation is not a good option for all types of cancer, it's best for a single tumor or mas. With radiation, immediate side effects tend to be less severe than those of chemotherapy. Side effects of radiation can include skin irritation, redness, drying, and hair loss in the area being treated. With longer treatment, these side effects may get worse. Bibliography Category. "Skin Cancer Diagnosis - How Skin Cancer is Diagnosed." Patient's Guide to Skin Cancer - A Comprehensive Guide to Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment, and Prevention of Skin Cancer. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Feb. 2013. <http://skincancer.about.com/od/diagnosiHenshaw, "Skin Cancer Facts." American Cancer Society | Information and Resources for Cancer: Breast, Colon, Lung, Prostate, Skin. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Feb. 2013. <http://www.cancer.org/cancer/cancercauses/sunanduvexposure/skin-cancer-facts>. Ashley. "Skin Cancer Symptoms, Types, Causes And Prevention At SymptomFind.com." Symptomfind.com: Check Your Medical Symptoms & Find Causes, Tests, Diagnosis & Treatments Options. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Feb. 2013. <http://www.symptomfind.com/cancer/skin-cancer/>. "Ways to Prevent Skin Cancer - Sun Safety - Leeds, Grenville and Lanark District Health Unit." Leeds, Grenville and Lanark District Health Unit. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Feb. 2013. <http://www.healthunit.org/sunsafety/8ways.
http://www.skincancer.org/true-stories/how-skin-cancer-changed-my-life Fraser, Judy. "How Skin Cancer Changed My Life - SkinCancer.org." The Skin Cancer Foundation - SkinCancer.org. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Feb. 2013. <http://www.skincancer.org/true-stories/how-skin-cancer-changed-my-life>. "Skin cancer - prevention and early detection | Better Health Channel." Home | Better Health Channel. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Feb. 2013. <http://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/bhcv "Skin Cancer - Causes, Symptoms, Treatment, Diagnosis - Cancer - Body & Health." Site Map - Body & Health. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Feb. 2013. <http://bodyandhealth.canada.com/channel_condition_info_details.asp?channel_id=12&disease_id=200&relation_id
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