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North West Mounted Police/RCMP
Transcript of North West Mounted Police/RCMP
The Royal Canadian Mounted Police A Need For Order North West Territories (present day Alberta and Saskatchewan) are transferred from the Hudson's Bay Company to the Dominion of Canada, 1869
Reports from missionaries and HBC personel tell of unrest in Western Canada June 1873
American and Canadian trappers/traders kill 36 Nakota people. The Cypress Hills Incident www.militaryheritage.com "As matters at present rest, the region of the Saskatchewan is without law, order, or security for life or property; robbery and murder for years have gone unpunished...institutions are entirely unknown" "Indians visiting the Rocky Mountain House during the fall of 1870 have spoken of the existence of a trading post of Americans from Fort Benton, upon the Belly River, sixty miles within the British boundary-line...for the purpose of trading alcohol, whisky, and arms and ammunition" 1870: Captain Butler reports.... The Royal Canadian Mounted Police Virginia Francis
--- JI 3 --- Past to Present Grade 8 The Development of Western Canada
- Compare the image and duties of the
North-West Mounted Police to the image and duties of the
Royal Canadian Mounted Police today
- Show how examples of art, poetry,music,and video reflect the history of the Canadian West Excerpts from Butler's Report to the Canadian Government, 10 March 1971 Lt. Col Robertson-Ross visits the Prairie to see the reported situation... "The demoralization of the Indians, danger to the white inhabitants, and injury resulting to the country from this illicit trade is very great..." "One regiment of mounted riflemen, 550 strong, including non-commissioned officers, divided into companies of fifty, would be a sufficient force to support Government in establishing law and order in the Saskatchewan, preserving the peace of the North-West Territory, and affording protection to the Surveyors, Contractors, and Railway Labourers about to undertake the great work of constructing the Dominion Pacific Railway..." Excerpts from Robertson-Ross' Report to the Federal Government, 17 March 1873 - Whiskey sales illegal in U.S, American traders travel north
- Based in Southern Alberta at Fort Hamilton/Whoop-up
- Traded with the Siksika and other First Nations groups 2 cups whiskey
1 blanket and 2 cups whiskey
1 quart whiskey
1 repeating rifle American Trade with First Nations This..............................for.............................That 1 ordinary Buffalo Robe
1 superior quality buffalo robe
furs equal to the height of a gun 1870 The Creation of the North West Mounted Police August 1873
Worries that people won't settle West and expand Canadian soverignty if it's lawless
Prime Minister John A. MacDonald's Conservative government creates a 'special police force' to protect expanding authority over territory in the West. The March West FYI
July 8, 1874 set out from Dufferin on the REd River
70 wagons, 100 Red River carts, field kitchens, field guns and mortars (large weapons on wheels)
93 cattle to sustain them for food
Expected to patrol the whole of the North West Territories The North West
Mounted Police - 1873 PREDICTIONS Your mission...
In pairs or independently, read pg's 202-205 in your text.
Take notes on the effect and examples of each of the objectives in the appropriate place on your chart.
Be prepared to volunteer an answer or two in 25 minutes. The whole class will take this up together. - Red Norfolk jacket that was very plain
- Dark grey Bedford cord breeches.
- Dark-blue trousers with double white stripe when not on horse-back. - White cork helmet of Indian pattern
- Round blue pillbox forage cap had a band and button,
- White for the men, and
- Gold for sergeants, warrant officers, and officers. Black Wellington boots (dress), brown riding boots (service)
White gauntlet gloves
Brown leather pistol belt with S buckle
Officers - Gold Austrian knot on the jacket cuffs, and badges of rank on the collar. www.militaryheritage.com Setting the Scene... - The North West Territories (present day Saskatchewan and Alberta) has been acquired from the Hudson's Bay Company to the Dominion of Canada
- PM John A MacDonald wants to expand Canada's sovereignty coast to coast
- Establish good relations between First Nations people and settlers
- Control the growing Whiskey Trade centred in Fort Whoop-Up Where are we going today? - Compare and contrast the outfits and responsibilities of the North West Mounted Police with the modern Royal Canadian Mounted Police The Royal Canadian Mounted Police What do you notice? A Symbol of Canada:
Dress Uniform To the 20th Century, and beyond! Headquarters in Ottawa (1920)
Changed name to RCMP, granted jurisdiction (area of authority and responsibility) across Canada
Began contributing members to various military efforts (WWI, WWII)
Began serving in various provinces as Provincial Law enforcement, beginning with Saskatchewan in 1928
Law enforcement arm of the Government of Canada
BOTH men and women now serve in 'The Force"
Responsible for parks, airports, Canadian embassies etc.
Have an Air, Land and Maritime divisions.
Compare the similarities and differences the NWMP with the RCMP North West
Mounted Police Royal Canadian Mounted Police Similarities Information gathered from •Phyllis A. Arnold, Penney Clark Canada Revisited 8 - Confederation, Development of Western Canada, a Changing Society. Arnold Publishing Co. 2000.