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The Nigerian Civil War
Transcript of The Nigerian Civil War
6 July 1967 – 15 January 1970
By: Lennox Bonsu
Who & Why
The Nigerian Civil War / Biafran War, which took place from July 6th 1967 – January 15th 1970, was an ethnic and political conflict caused by an attempted secession by Nigeria's southeastern provinces the self-proclaimed Republic of Biafra.
Where: South Eastern Nigeria
Why the Government Allowed it
The government allowed it to happen because they wanted the police officers to retake the territory claimed by Biafra.
Why Biafra was targeted
Biafra also known as the Igbo people were targeted because Colonel Odumegwu Ojukwu wasn't satisfied with the Nigerian government and decided to create a separate nation for the Igbo people who he felt were being mistreated.
Because of this, the Nigerian government reacted with force to reclaim what is rightfully theirs and a civil war broke out against the rebels.
What: Nigerian Civil War
When: 6 July 1967 – 15 January 1970
Who: Nigeria vs Biafra
Why: Separation of South Eastern Nigeria
The war lasted nearly 3 years and unlike many genocides the Nigerians mass murdered their people by leaving Biafrians flat broke with no money for food. This lead to malnutrition. It also was the cause of an estimated 3,000 to 5,000 people dying daily due to starvation. Another major cause of death was the war its self which was the cause of 1-3 million civilian deaths.
Deaths: 1-3 million
The war lasted 2 years, 6 months and 2 days
End of the War
The war ended in 1970 as a result of Nigeria reclaiming the land seized by Biafra. This was not that hard for the nigerian government as they had a 4:1 ratio (120,000:30,000) of troops over the Biafrian troops
At the end of the war Biafra had lost between 10,000-25,000 troops and Nigeria had lost between 25,000-50,000 troops.
How the World Reacted
"Biafrans Keep Independence Dream Alive." BBC News. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Dec. 2014.
"Civil War in Nigeria." History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 14 Dec. 2014.
BBC News. BBC, 13 Jan. 2000. Web. 15 Dec. 2014.
The rest of world reacted very mutually as Nigeria had 9 supporting nations and Biafra had 10. Many other countries also took in refugees