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Utopian Society By Sherry Yao

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Sherry Yao

on 17 December 2010

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Transcript of Utopian Society By Sherry Yao

An Utopian Society In this society, the most important value is the Golden Rule: treat others like how you would like to be treated. The society gives people the freedom to have diverse thoughts and the freedom to express opinions. Filial piety, the obdience and respect for elders, is stressed in the society because even if you don't always agree with your parents, you should think about their point of view and tell them why you oppose their ideas without being disrespectful. People have the responsibility to do one or more nice things for someone every day and record it down. Values Laws Restrictions Beliefs Freedoms Another important value is tolerance, accepting others as who they are, because no one is perfect and never makes bad decisions. Giving people a chance to learn from their mistakes can help them make better decisions in the future. Individuality, the realization of oneself as an individual, can help people to have diverse thoughts instead of go with what the group decided. The majority is not always right, while individuality makes people become creative and develop their own ideas and thoughts. Honesty is not as important to the society as to each individual. When someone is not honest with himself or herself, there is no way he or she will be honest with other people. The positive way to word this value is that when an individual stays true to himself or herself, that person will always have faith and follow what he or she believes. Perseverance, the continuous effort that you put into something you are doing, can help you become courageous and determined when facing obstacles. No one, under any circumstances, may hurt anyone else in any form. In an utopian society, not many laws are needed because people are living peacefully and safely together. Everyone has the right to get free education and equal oppotunities have to be available for everyone. The people in the society must have goals, short term and long term, to make them go forward. Selfishness and greed must be abandoned because when people are self-motivated to make commitments to the society and think of others before themselves, a peaceful society is created. Scientific reasoning and objective judgements are required for people so that they are able to think clearly. Function There are three governments in the society. Government A is run by people under age 20, government B is run by people between the ages 21 to 50, and government C is run by people age 51 and up. Everyone in the society has a say in the government of his or her age group, and the governments have a checks and balances system to prevent one government from being too powerful. Each government vote on matters that only apply to the people in their age group. Even one person can have a powerful voice in the government because anyone can give out a public persuation speech at anytime. The economy system is traditional, which means most of the people's income is used on things they need, not things they want. A reasonable amount of money, like no more than half of their income, can be spent on luxury items. The society doesn't tax the people, in return the people must serve the government in some form. For example, they can do community service, or organize records for the government. The records of good deeds that each person should record down everyday are sent to the government once every year. Based on these records, the government can fund the individuals' insurances. The school system is adjusted based on each individual. People can learn at their own pace so that they truely have thorough knowledge of what they need to know. The people in the society are able to arrange their time for schooling/work, entertainment, and rest based on what they believe will be the most efficient, as long as they include eight hours of schooling/work every Monday to Friday in their schedule. Decisions The decisions are made by the people because everyone can vote on government matters. Only people who truly care about and have a thorough knowledgement of the matters they are voting on can vote on those matters. Every decision made has to be unanimously agreed by all people who voted. If the people can't all agree on one thing, then they must keep making compromises and persuations until the votes are unanimous. Consequences Drugs and marijuana are not allowed to be bought, sold or used, unless for medical reasons.
Alcohols can only be sold by legally regulated companies and can only be bought by someone who has done community service.
Certain places such as nature preservations are not allowed to go in, and people can't leave trashes and wastes anywhere they want because they have to help preserving the environment. Moral sense and etiquette should also be stressed because no one wants to be around savage, impolite people. Anything provided for public use must not be sabotaged by individuals. People have the right to be free from religious persecution. Any religion can be practiced freely. The privileges of individuals must not be used to intentionally hurt or violate the right of others. People have the freedom to chose the occupation that they can give the most potential to. People have the freedom to decide for themselves, instead of having other people controlling their lives. The society should not have class systems based on wealth, power, and influence. No warlike or terrorist actions are allowed. People who violated the laws will be punished by how serious the situation is. At first, someone else who violated the same law or similar laws before will come talk to those people about the negative effects of their criminal actions. Then the criminals will be either sentenced jail time or community services. There are no death penalties. The freedom to travel to any country is given to everyone, and they don't have to worry about security scans. Life of an average citizen A citizen under age 18 have to go to school, and once he or she is 18, it's his or her decision to go to higher learning or enter the work fields. Either way, the citizen must have 8 hours of schooling/work time from Monday to Friday. The rest of the time can be decided by each individual themselves. They definitely need time to process what they learned that day, time to sleep, and time for entertainments. One thing that every citizen must do is record down one good deed he or she did for someone that day. An average citizen would spent lots of time with his or her family and friend on a daily basis. Eating healthy foods with required nutrients, working out and exercises that preserve a healthy life style is also part of an average citizen's schedule. When the citizen is about age 60, he or she can make a decision of whether to retire or not. Being physically fit is important to everyone in the society. The both societies, laws are essential to the function of the societies. People have to abide by the laws, and there are consequences for violating laws. Also, values are present in both societies. Even in Fahrenheit 451, the people in the society do have some emotions and moral senses. For example, one of Mildred's friends cried when she was touched deeply by the poem that Montag read, and Montag felt guilty when he killed Captain Beatty. In both societies, people have their own goals, either good or bad. Mrs. Hudson, the old lady who burned herself with her books had the goal to save the books and the knowledges inside them. Mildred had a goal to put up the forth parlor wall, and although it was for selfish reasons, it shows that the people in the society of Fahrenheit 451 have things they want to achieve. The two societies are different becasue the in Fahrenheit 451, there is no intellectual freedom. People aren't allowed to read books and have knowledges. Most people lack scientific reasoning and can be easily manipulated. The representatives that run the government in Fahrenheit 451 aren't the best choises because voters like Mildred are persuaded by the appearances of the candidates instead of their abilities. Also, unlike the utopian society, the society in Fahrenheit 451 spends too much money on luxury items, such as the parlor walls, because entertainment was the most important part of their lives. Being physically fit doesn't seem important to the them because they are couch potatoes that watch "the walls" all the time. Also, they don't care about their families and only think about themselves. For example, one of Mildred's friends said that she doesn't care if her husband died in the war or not, and she sent her children away to boarding school so that she doesn't have to take care of them. Violence is also present in the society, which makes the society not safe, whereas violence doesn't exist in the utopian society. Clarisse talked about how her classmates are killing each other, and fast driving is also dangerous. There is a war going on in Fahrenheit 451, so internal conflicts and ecternal conflicts are both going on in the society. In both societies, laws and rules do exist. In Anthem, the Palace of Corrective Detention serves as the jail where people who violate the law are sent to. An organized government is present in both societies, and people in the government do vote in matters. The society in Anthem seems to have councils for many areas, such as the Council of Vocations and the Council of Scholars, and these councils voted on all aspects they are supposed to cover. Also, people are not selfish and make commitments to the whole society. Everyone is treated equally and start schooling at an early age. When they become older, they will have an occupation, and it's their resposibility to work a certain amount of time every day. In Anthem, the society restricted a lot of things, so the people don't have many freedoms. They don't have the freedom of speech. For example, people aren't allowed to say the forbidden word, and Equality and Liberty can't tell each other how they feel. People don't have the freedom to choose their occupations because the Council of Vocations appoints jobs for them. They also don't have the freedom to arrange their own schedules because everyone in the same House has the same schedule, and they are supposed to do everything together. Most importantly, the two societies are different because individuality isn't allowed in the society in Anthem. Anyone who has different traits is not accepted, and everyone has to go along with what the collective decided without objections. In both societies, people have goals that they want to achieve. In Lord of the Flies, at first the goal of the boys was to get rescued, but eventually the hunters, such as Jack and Roger, developed the goal of killing things. Also, the value perseverance was present in both societies. Perseverance was demonstrated by Ralph and Piggy because they kept telling the others that they need the fire as a signal. In both societies, there are people who make rules and tell everyone what they are going to do. In Lord of the Flies, this leading figure started out as Ralph because everyone voted him the chief. Ralph told the boys to get the fire going and built shelters. Eventually, Jack took over as the leader, but he also made rules and decisions. Jack appointed a few boys as guards on the Castle Rock, and he decided that Ralph and Piggy are not welcomed at their fort. In Lord of the Flies, the society is different from an utopian society because violence exists. At the end of the novel, the boys became animalistic, savage, and started to kill each other. The boys have no sense of consequences as they set the island on fire two times, and Roger intentionally pushed down the boulder that crushed Piggy. The boys were generally selfish and only care about themselves. For example, Jack only cared about hunting and slacked off on his responsibility to keep the fire going. Also, the two societies are different because the society in Lord of the Flies have a class system, whereas an utopian soceity does not. The older boys were the dominant group, and the smaller boys were getting picked on. Individuality was also lost in the society in Lord of the Flies because all the smaller boys are known as the little'uns, not as different individuals.
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