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Social Class Structure of Spain

This is a prezi for my World Language and Culture Experience class. My topic of research was social class structure of Spain.
by

Kimberly Norman

on 31 May 2011

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Transcript of Social Class Structure of Spain

How do the lives of families from Spain in the different social class structures vary from one another? Social
Class
Structure Kimberly Norman Driving Question How Are Social Classes Defined in Spain? Social stratification is the classification of people into social classes.

Social stratification refers to the ranking among people along economic and cultural attributes such as income and years of education.

Social class is defined by relations of ownership or control or resources (i.e. physical, financial, and organizational).

A person's legal right and power to control assets determines their means of obtaining income which controls what kind of life they'll live.

Owners of businesses seek the employment of workers. These status reflect their social class. Upper class members look for middle and lower class members to employ. Key Facts To Remember About
Social Class Classification "Birth is not the criterion of status."

The achievements of the individual are what determines their social class.

Occaisonally, the class of your parents does affect your class.

However, you determine your class later on in life, based off of your education and the jobs that you have. What Are The Three Social Classes of Spain? Like America, Spain has three social classes.
The Three Social Classes Are...
Upper Class
Middle Class
Lower Class Upper Class of Spain How Do Families In The Upper Class
Go About Their Daily Lives? Like in America, parents of an upper class family go to work in the morning. The children go to school while the parents work. Most parents send their children to private schools or private religious schools. The children usually try the best in school because they know that a good education is essential for a good life.
If the parents are not able to be at home in time to be there with their kids, then they hire babysitters or nannies to watch after their kids until they return home. What Are Some Material Possessions Of Families Of Upper Class
Status In Spain The material possessions of upper class families in are very similar to upper class families in America. Families usually have larger homes with extra rooms. They always have the needed items for a comfortable life. But, like America, upper class families of Spain also spend their extra money to buy more comfort items, such as game stations, additional televisions, and expensive furniture. What Are Some General Behaviors, Attitudes, and Outlooks Of Upper Class Families In Spain? One recurring thing among all the social classes was that most families have a reason to be positive and upbeat. For the most part, families of upper class status have kind and positive behaviors, especially towards the other social classes. Most families tend to have a positive outlook on life. They know that getting a good education and having a good job is the key to having a "successful" life. What Are Some Example Jobs That Members Of The Upper Class Have? Members of the upper class tend to have jobs that preside over other people. Some jobs that they might have are managers, business owners, entrepreneurs, and professionals. These jobs usually pay more money because they are usually ranked higher than other jobs. For example, managers of companys employ workers to work for them. This is why the upper class can also be considered the "managerial" class and why the middle and lower class can be considered the "working" class. Middle Class Of Spain How Do Families In The Middle Class Go About Their Daily Lives? What Are Some Material Possessions Of Families Of Middle Class
Status In Spain What Are Some Example Jobs That Members Of The Middle Class Have? What Are Some General Behaviors, Attitudes, and Outlooks Of Middle Class Families In Spain? Lower Class Of Spain How Do Families In The Lower Class Go About Their Daily Lives? What Are Some Material Possessions Of Families Of Lower Class
Status In Spain What Are Some Example Jobs That Members Of The Lower Class Have? What Are Some General Behaviors, Attitudes, and Outlooks Of Lower Class Families In Spain? How Do The Social Classes Of Spain Compare To The Social Classes Of America? What are some ideas that Spain uses that were taken from other influential countries? How do the different social classes interact with one another? What Are Some General Thoughts And Behaviors Of Families In Spain? In the morning, the parents go to work while the children go to school. Some children are sent to private schools while other children are sent to public schools. It usually depends on how much money is spent on the education. A lot of parents that want their children to really succeed in life will send their kids to a private school. If the parents are not home in time to be with the kids, they will usually hire a babysitter. The material possessions of families in Spain is very similar to the material possessions of families in America. Middle class families have the items needed for life as well as some comfort items. A lot of middle class families have cable and gaming stations and plenty of other comfort items. It just depends on the family. The middle class began to grow in the 1970s. Most jobs in the country were considered middle class jobs. Some of the jobs that really began to grow were administrators, service personal, and clerical workers. There were still a lot of farmers even though the country was industrializing. Some other jobs that members of the middle class have are professionals of technology, small business owners, and private and public employees of transport, repairs, and domestic services. The middle class behaves about the same as the upper class. All the classes seem to get along. They display a positive attitude about life. Members of the middle class have a positive outlook on life. They believe that if their children get a better education, then they can improve to the upper class. Parents in the lower class tend to do more laborious jobs to provide for their families. The parents go to these jobs while the children go to school. The children go to a public school where they try to get the best education they can. They believe that getting a good education will give them a better life. If the parents aren't able to be at home for the children, then they go to a babysitter until the parents are able to be home. Lower class families in Spain have about the same types of material possessions that lower class families of America have. Families tend to struggle with having some of the necessary items, but allow themselves to have the pleasures when their financial status permits it. Members of the lower class are thought to have the more laborious jobs or other jobs like that. Some examples of jobs that members of the lower class have are sales and supervisory personnel, farmers, and various labor workers. However, studies have shown that many lower class immigrants have been able to get the same types of jobs that middle class people have. Despite their class status, families of lower class status in Spain are hopeful for the younger generations. They do not have any harsh feelings towards members of the upper or middle class. They are generally positive in their daily lives. The parents of children encourage their children to try their hardest in school so that they can improve their class status. Children are taught at a young age that education is very important in living a good life. The social classes of Spain are nearly identical to the social class of America. America has similar social classes to that of modern Europe, which is what Spain modeled their social classes after. The upper classes have everything they need and more. The middle class has everything they need plus some pleasure items. The lower class struggles to get back but allow pleasure items. The classes are classified nearly the same way. Almost every characteristic of the social classes of Spain are identical to the characteristics of social classes of America. Spain determined the structure of their social class a long time after other countries established their social class structure. Spain changed from a monarchy to a democracy back in the 70s. Spain’s social class structure really began to modernize in the 80s. They purposely shaped their social class structures like the other countries in Europe that were entering in the advanced stage of industrialization. The society was becoming more differentiated among the class, occupational, and professional lines. The middle class began to expand. The number of rural poor began to decrease. At this time, Spain was not quite at the same level as the other industrial countries of Western Europe. However, it was clearly moving in the right direction. Spain was distinctly modernizing in an Iberian style, taking away some of the social characteristics of the earlier era. Every year, the country becomes more and more modernizing. They still model their structures off of the other countries. Just like America, Spain is taking the best of every country and making it their own. The social classes of Spain interact just about the same way that social classes in America interact with one another. They have their run-ins, but for the most part, the social classes get along. There are no major feuds between them, and there are no sore feelings from any social class to another.
Like America, drinking places such as bars or pubs are a great place for members of all the social classes to come and interact. Your class is not judged here. In Spain, bars are a place for people to get together and just talk. All families in Spain tend to have a positive outlook on life. They believe that getting a good education is the key to being successful in life. Children are encouraged to do well in school so that they may have a good life later on. What Are Some General Activities Of The Social Classes In Spain? Families in Spain who are religious tend to participate in the ceremonies of their religion. The three social classes tend to do about the same things. To those families that religion is important, they try to attend every religious event. The social classes also enjoy some of the leisurely activities that families in America enjoy. According to Mr. Buck, sitting on a porch swing and just relaxing is common for families of the middle class. Sources Cited Cuevas-Morales, Silvia. "LIDIA FALCÓN O’NEILL- Spain's Most Outspokem Feminicist." Scribd. Web. 17 May 2011.
I found this source while browsing the internet to learn more about this feminist. This source is credible because it tells about the views of this woman. This source had a strange layout. I rate this source a 6 out of 7.

Gayo, Moesto G. "Social Class Structure of Spain." E-mail interview.
I found Mr. Gayo looking for a contact. I know he is credible because of his credentials. He answered most of my questions about social class structure of Spain and even redirected me to other sources. I rate this source a 9 out of 10.

Lemel, Yannick, and Heinz Herbert Noll. "Changing Structures of Inequality: A Comparative Perspective." Books.google. Google. Web. 18 May 2011.
I found this source through my outside mentor Modesto Gayo. This source had information on nearly all of my topics. This was a really good source because it has information from well known reports and surveys. This source was excellent because you could browse through it by searching for certain words. I rate this source a 9 out of 10.

Muntaner, Carles, Carme Borrell, Joan Benach, Isabel Pasarin, and Esteve Fernandez. "The Associations of Social Class and Social Stratification with Patterns of General and Mental Health in a Spanish Population." Ije.oxfordjournals. Oxford University Press, 28 Feb. 2003. Web. 16 May 2011.
I found this site while browsing the internet. This source is credible because it is from an organization. This source tells about how social classes are classified, about the jobs, and some of the attitudes. This source has a lot of information and it's hard to dig through. I rate this source a 7 out of 10.

"Revista Internacional De Sociologia." Gulib.georgetown.edu. Ed. Eduardo Moyano. Web. 18 May 2011.
This source was given to me by Modesto Gayo. This also contained information that related to almost all of my subtopics. This was a credible source because it is a well known report. The only problem with the source was that I couldn't access the actually copy at school. I could only access it at home. I rate this source a 8 out of 10. Sources Cited Continued... Rodgers, Eamonn. "Encyclopedia of Contemporary Spanish Culture." Books.google. Google. Web. 16 May 2011.
I found this source while browsing the internet. I know this is a credible source because it is a book. This source tells about some of the modern culture of Spain. I used this source to learn about some activities and material possessions. This source was expensive so I could only read part of it. I rate this source a 6 out of 10.

SIRC. "Social and Cultural Aspects of Drinking." SIRC. Social Issues Research Center. Web. 16 May 2011.
I found this source when browsing for how the different social classes interact. I know this is a credible source because it comes from an organization that studies social issues. This tells about how only one way that different social classes are brought together. Unfortunately, you have to dig for the country you want. I would rate this source a 7 out of 10.

"Social Stratification." Countrystudies.us. Web. 13 May 2011.
I found this website while browsing the internet. This website covers the basis of most of my research including jobs of each social class and how a social class is defined. I know this source is credible because they research several countries. The only bad thing about this site was that it had some random useless information. I rate this site a 8.5/10

"What Do Families in Spain Do?" Answers.yahoo. Yahoo! Web. 16 May 2011.
I found this source while browsing the internet. I know this is a credible source because the person who answered this question is a top contributor from Spain. This source tells about some of the general activities of families in Spain. This source was a good answer to my question because this was a hard source to find. I rate this source a 7 out of 10.

The last source I found was impossible to source because when I saved the link, it only saved the main page. There are almost a hundred journals that I would have to sort through to find the specific journals I used. It was all a part of the REIS (Revista Española de Investigaciones Sociológicas). Reflection
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