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5 Main Education Philosophies

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Sara Friedman

on 27 July 2015

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Transcript of 5 Main Education Philosophies

Improving Your Teaching Philosophy Statement
5 Main Education Philosophies
There are 5 common education philosophies that instructors can refer to in order to develop their teaching philosophy statement. These ideas help to characterize the varying approaches to teaching.
Perennialism
A teacher-centered philosophy, in which it is the responsibility of the instructor to ensure that students gain cultural literacy and learn about the greatest achievements in a given field.

Perennialists believe that this can be achieved by instructors guiding students in debate and evaluating their knowledge through testing.
Progressivism
Progressivism is a student-centered philosophy, and effective progressive teachers provide experiences and environments that foster learning by doing.

Curriculum content is derived from student interests and questions; students play a large role in making decisions about their education. Progressive instructors employ the scientific method in their teaching and encourage a democracy within the course.
Existentialism
Existentialism in education rejects standard curriculum and testing in favor of an open dialogue with students, in which the actions of historical individuals and students' reaction to the presented content is the focus.

Focus on self-discovery within the student over the in-depth exploration of content. The instructor acts as the facilitator, not guiding the student in any particular direction, but instead giving them the opportunity to explore their thoughts and know themselves.
Essentialism
maintains that schools and instructors should strive to instill traditional intellectual and moral values in students and focus mainly on the "essential" academic subjects (such as reading, history, math, natural science, or writing).

goal is to ensure that collective wisdom and academic knowledge is passed systematically from teacher to student in an effort to prepare students to be productive members of society.
Social Reconstructionsm
Emphasizes the educational institution as an environment for implementing social change and challenging social inequalities. The curriculum focuses on student experience and taking social action on real problems.

Strategies for dealing with controversial issues (particularly in social sciences and literature), inquiry, dialogue, and multiple perspectives are the focus.

Praxis: the idea
that actions based on
sound theory and
values can make a real
difference in the world.
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