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Space Race

A general overview of the space race between the U.S. and the U.S.S.R. during the Cold War
by

Meghna Jain

on 14 January 2014

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Transcript of Space Race

The Space Race
Sputnik
Some Amazing Achievements
During the Space Race, both the United States and the Soviet Union achieved triumphs and were driven to challenge themselves through the competition.
The Symbol of Space
One of these side vents was space exploration. The space race provided means by which the two superpowers could compete, without causing direct offense to the other, thereby
becoming a symbol
of the Cold War.
The Space Race
By Meghna J. and Sophie D.
Space was one of the many areas where the United States and the Soviet Union were competing to show their superiority.
An Impossible Challenge
Man on the Moon
The original moon landing boosted Americans' morale: ten more Americans had reached the moon by the end of the Apollo Project in 1972.
Outcome
This was known as the "Space Race".

During the Space Race, the United States was led by John F. Kennedy, and the Soviet Union was led by Nikita Khrushchev.
The competition started in 1957 with the launch of the Russian satellite, Sputnik.
After launching the first American into space, Kennedy challenged the nation to land a man on the moon and return him to Earth safely before the decade ended:

"I believe that this nation should commit itself to achieving the goal, before this decade is out, of landing a man on the moon and returning him safely to the Earth."
Project Mercury
After the Soviet Union launched Sputnik, NASA launched Project Mercury, the first manned space flight program in order to show their supremacy.
Soviet cosmonaut
Yuri Gagarin
became the first person to orbit Earth in April 1961.

This challenged the United States to show off what they could do and one month later,
Alan Shepard
became the first American in space.

Earth Orbiters
Through the Space Race, both the United States and the Soviet Union improved and strengthened space and rocket technology. Both sides
accomplished outstanding achievements
.

The U.S.S.R. got to space first, however, the U.S. reached the moon sooner.
Project Mercury included six manned missions, each piloted by one astronaut.

These missions established that man could live in space as well as on Earth.
In order to achieve this goal, the president asked for more money to be given to the
National Aeronautics and Space Administration
(NASA) that ran the space program.

With this money, NASA expanded to
Houston, Texas
, where a control center was built.
By 1969, two amazing events had taken place for the U.S.: Alan Shepard became the first American in space and
John Glenn
became the first American to orbit Earth. Even so, there was one great threshold ahead.
This came with the
Apollo project
on July 20, 1969.
The world sat shocked watching their TV to see the
Spacecraft Eagle
land on the moon.

Millions watche
d
Neil Armstrong
take the first human step on the moon as he announced, as we have all heard before:

"That's one small step for man, one giant leap for mankind."
The Space Race pushed America and the Soviet Union to go
beyond previous limits
in space exploration and make and achieve new goals.
Sound of the Satelite
The concept known as
'Mutually Assured Destruction'
reflected the fact that direct aggression between the Cold War superpowers (the U.S.S.R. and the U.S.) would result in the obliteration of both, and therefore was in neither country's best interests. Therefore, each side had to find another way to take down its opponent.
The Soviet Union successfully launched the Sputnik on October 4, 1957. It was the first artificial satelite and took 9 minutes to orbit Earth. The steel sphere was about the size of a beach ball with four antennas attached to it.

Buzz Aldrin
Buzz Aldrin was also on the Space Craft Eagle and was the second person to walk on the moon, after Neil Armstrong.
Sputnik marked the start of the space age and the race between the United States and the Soviet Union.
Questions
1. When did the Space Race occur?
2. Which historical people & organizations were involved?
3. Why was the launch of “Sputnik” so historically significant?
4. What were some of the major achievements (or “firsts”) for both nations?
5. Why was the Space Race considered a “symbol” of the Cold War?
6. What was the outcome of the Space Race?
Michael Collins
Michael Collins was also in the Apollo Project. He was the pilot of the command spacecraft which orbited the Moon while Armstrong and Aldrin were on it.
Full transcript